PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.
VOLUME 41, NUMBER 2, SUMMER 1995
The Botanical Society of America: The Society for ALL Plant Biologists
Table of Contents
from the Society, the Sections and the Committees
New BSA Tradition: The Past-President's Symposium 26
Symposia at the 1995 Meeting 27
for the 1995 AIBS Meeting 27
Sought for BSA Committee Vacancies 27 Commentary
the Editor 28 Article
Encourages Campuses to Preserve Native Habitats 28 Announcements
Conferences, Meetings 30
Logo Items Available from the Business Office 36
Volume 41, Number 2: Summer 1995 ISSN 0032-0919
Editor: Joe Leverich
Department of Biology,
Saint Louis University
3507 Laclede Ave.,
Saint Louis MO 63103-2010
Telephone: (314) 977-3903
Fax: (314) 977-3658
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
from the Society, the Sections and the Committees
NEW BSA TRADITION:
THE PAST-PRESIDENT'S SYMPOSIUM
1993, Greg Anderson proposed that each year the BSA Past-President organize
a symposium, and the BSA Council approved his idea. The first Past-President's
symposium will be held on Wednesday, 9 August 1995, at the BSA Annual Meeting
with AIBS in San Diego. The symposium was organized by Grady L. Webster, the
current BSA Past-President.
title of the symposium is "Vegetation and Floristics of the United States-Mexican
Boundary Region." Obviously, Grady has chosen a very appropriate symposium
topic for our San Diego meeting site, and the event will be a rare opportunity
for all botanists to learn more about this part of the world. The symposium
speakers and their titles are listed below.
Carol C. Baskin, Program Director
GRADY L. WEBSTER. Introduction: The biogeography and political ecology of
the Frontera region. 8:40 THOMAS R. VAN DEVENDER. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum,
Tucson, AZ. Evolution and historical biogeography of the Chihuahaun and Sonoran
Deserts, United States andMexico.
CONRAD J. BAHRE. University of California, Davis.Anthropogenic vegetation
change along the United States/Mexico boundary.
R. MITCHEL BEAUCHAMP* and JOSE DELGADILLO-R*. Asesorfa Biolōgica y Ambiental,
National City, CA and Universidad de Baja California, Ensenada, B.C.N., Mexico.
Range limitations of the flora of the western Frontera.
1:00 ILEANA ESPEJEL*, PATRICIA MORENO-CASASOLA*, and MICHAEL BARBOUR*. Universidad
Autōnoma de Baja California, Ensenada, B.C.N., Mexico: Instituto de Ecologia,
Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico; and University of California, Davis. Coastal strand
vegetation: Diversity and conservation.
LAURA ARRIAGA. Centro de Investigaciones Biolōgicas de Baja California,
La Paz, B.C.N. Mexico. The tropical dry forest of the Cape Region: An ecological
approach for its conservation.
RICH SPELLENBERG. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces. Systematic studies
in oak woodlands of the border region in southwest North America.
GARY P. NABHAN* and STEPHEN BUCHMANN. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson,
AZ. Disrupted plant/pollinator relationships in U.S./Mexico border states:
Effects of chemically-induced habitat fragmentation.
SCOTT C. McMILLAN. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. The vernal pools
of southern California and northern Baja California, Mexico.
RICHARD FELGER* and EDWARD GLENN. Drylands Institute, Tucson, AZ and University
of Arizona, Tucson. Flora of the Colorado River delta of the Gulf of California:
The past, present, and potential for salvage and restoration.
GRADY L. WEBSTER. University of California, Davis. Afterward: The future of
the biota of the Frontera.
Published quarterly by Botanical Society of America, Inc., 1735 Neil Ave.,
Columbus, OH 43210
The yearly subscription rate of $15 is included in the membership dues of
the Botanical Society
of America, Inc. Second class postage paid at Columbus, OH and additional
POSTMASTER: Send address changes to
Hiser, Business Manager
Botanical Society of America
1735 Neil Ave.
Columbus OH 43210-1293
614/292-3519 email: KHISER@MAGNUS.ACS.OHIO-STATE.EDU
Symposia for the 1995 AIBS Meeting
from Recent Studies of Early Succession
Biology: Bridging the Gap between Research and Practice
Biology of Grasses
Engineering and the Conservation of Rare Plant Species
and Developmental Mutants of Maize
Plants: The Importance and Impact of the Search for Plant Derived Drugs
and Evolution of the Gnetales
and Theoretical Aspects of Incorporating Fossils in Analyses of Modern Taxonomic
Groups Translating Phylogenetic Analyses into Classifications
Botanical Knowledge at the College and University Level
in Botany and Biology Classrooms: How to Pay for It and How to Build It into
Courses Alternatives to the Traditional Lecture Format in Undergraduate Biology
Botany : Plant Sciences in the Courts
for AIBS Meeting in San Diego August 6-10, 1995
the AIBS meeting this August in San Di-ego the Botanical Society will meet
along with a number of other societies. In addition to the full agenda of
the BSA Annual Meeting, there are a number of work-shops, field trips, social
events, and sightseeing excursions scheduled.
wishing to reduce the cost of attending this meeting can apply to work as
an audio-visual projectionist or registration clerkl"go-fer" and receive a
registration fee refund for 12 hours service.
deadlines remain for the upcoming meeting this August in San Diego:
June Workshop form due.
trip form due.
event form due.
housing reservation due. Projectionist/clerklgo-fer forms due.
July Preregistration ends (after this date, register on-site)
July Registration, workshop, field trip, social event cancellations due in
writing at AIBS. No refunds after this date.
registration information, contact AIBS, 730 11th Street N.W., Washington D.C.
Sought for Botanical Society Committee Vacancies
BSA committees will have vacancies for the 1995-1996 year. Anyone who would
be interested in serving on any of these committees, please contact Barbara
Schaal, Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri
63130 (e-mail: email@example.com) by July 15. This is a great opportunity
to become involved with the Society.
and History Committee Conservation Committee Darbaker Prize Committee Education
and Appraisal Committee
Awards Committee Mosely Award Committee
of these committees can be found under Article X of the By-Laws in the current
Membership Directory and Handbook.
SCIENCE BULLETIN Editorial Committee for Volume 41
S. Galitz (1995) Robert E. Wyatt (1996) James
D. Mauseth (1997)
of Botany Dept. of Botany Dept. of Botany
Dakota State University University of Georgia University
NC 58103 Athens GA 30602 Austin TX 78713
A. Snow (1998) Nickolas M. Waser (1999)
of Plant Biology Dept. of Biology
State University University of California
OH 43210 Riverside CA 92521
the Editor ...
you may have realized from the most re-cent (and somewhat late) issue of Plant
Science Bulletin, there has been a change of editors. In April, Meredith Lane
gave me the PSB files and a collection of new but not-yet-reviewed botanical
books. With this issue, PSB is back on schedule and beginning to look ahead.
I wish take this moment to greet the Readers of this bulletin, and to invite
all of you to utilize and contribute to the Plant Science Bulletin.
initiation into Botany began when Harold Bold was willing to risk letting
me pursue graduate studies in the Department of Botany at the University of
Texas although I had no prior training in botany at all. Later I learned that
not all botanists work in daily contact with dozens of other plant scientists.
For the last decade and a half, I have been in a small Biology Department
where there have been only two or three "plant persons." For many students
of botany, publications like Plant Science Bulletin provide an important link,
at a personal level, to our botanical colleagues and the broader world of
by-laws of the Society state that "The Plant Science Bulletin is published
regularly to communicate news of Society activities, is a medium of publication
for any committee, and includes other items of interest to the membership
that are not published by the Journal." This leaves considerable room for
PSB to explore ways to serve the membership. Please don't hesitate to submit
announcements of any sort. If you have suggestions for articles that will
be of interest to the membership, let me know and we'll see if we can find
a source. If you have ideas of ways that PSB can better serve the Botanical
Society, send them to us. Electronic communication has revolutionized the
way we correspond. Our e-mail address is on the front of this issue; this
is the fastest and least formal way to reach PSB.
we approach the annual meeting in San Diego this summer, we hope to put together
a strategy to fully develop the role and content of PSB in the months ahead.
Please share any specific interests you have with the Editor or with any member
of the Editorial Committee listed on p. 27. This Bulletin is, after all, for
you, the readers.
am very pleased to have the opportunity to help put the Plant Science Bulletin
together, and I look forward to meeting you in San Diego this August.
EncouragesCampuses to Preserve Native Habitats
National Wildlife Federation has launched a Campus Native Habitat Program
to promote creation of habitat for indigenous plant and animal species on
college campuses nationwide. The Program combines the efforts of NWF's two
campus outreach programs — the Endangered Species Program, which encourages
students to work for a strengthened Endangered Species Act, and the Campus
Ecology (formerly Cool It!) Program, which helps colleges start sustain-able
environmental projects — with NWF's Backyard Wildlife Habitat Program.
"This is a way for students who have written to Congress in support of the
Endangered species Act to help protect declining species in their own backyards,"
says Lisa Yee, endangered species campus coordinator at NWF's Great Lakes
office in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
help campus groups, administrators, faculty and staff develop habitats for
native species, NWF has produced a resource packet consisting of four sections.
These sections include: background articles related to creating habitat for
indigenous species; detailed case studies of successful native habitat efforts
on campuses across the country; a list of contacts and re-sources such as
local botanical gardens and arboreta, native seed nurseries, Native Plant
Societies and plant materials specialists for campuses to consult on their
projects; and a general how-to guideline for students to initiate similar
projects on their campuses. The re-source packet also includes an application
to certify a habitat. A beautiful certificate recognizing efforts to provide
habitat for local species will be sent to qualified projects, as well as a
sample press release for students to promote the project as an environmental
and educational benefit to the school.
more details about the Campus Native Habitat Program and how to obtain the
information packet, call Lisa Yee at 313/769-6960 or write to her at the Great
Lakes Natural Resource Center, 506 E Liberty, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2210. The
National Wild-life Federation is the nation's largest citizen conservation
education organization of diverse cultures to con-serve wildlife and other
natural resources, and to protect the Earth's environment in order to achieve
a peaceful, equitable, and sustainable future.
L. Stuckey Gives Presidential Address to the Ohio Academy of Science
Cavalcade of Maps" was the title of the Presidential Address delivered by
Ronald L. Stuckey at the 104th Annual Meeting of The Ohio Academy of Science.
Held on the Otterbein College Campus in Westerville, Ohio, the meeting was
attended by 500 Ohio scientists during the three day event of 28-30 April.
President Stuckey's address was presented to 60 members who attended the Saturday
evening banquet. Following the lecture, Stuckey passed the gavel to the new
President, Charles E. Herdendorf, of Huron, Ohio.
the presentation, Stuckey gave a brief history of the origin and kinds of
symbols used on maps to show the distribution of plants. The "cavalcade" then
proceeded to view the various base maps of Ohio showing bedrock types, glaciation
features, former and present drainage systems, soil types, topography, and
then showed the distribution of different kinds of plants that he plotted
on these various base maps. The examples culminated with maps of the distribution
of fens in Ohio, each one correlated with a different base map. The fen plant
community harbors a large number of rare plants in special calcareous wet-lands
maintained by underground water flow. Where the water comes to the surface,
it leaves an alkaline lime deposit making a habitat where only specific species
conclusion emphasized the map-ping of plants using these various base maps
as a means of studying Ohio's flora in the 21st century. His presentation
used two projectors that showed two illustrations simultaneously, the maps
on one screen and photographs of scientists and plants on the second screen.
L. Stuckey is Professor Emeritus of Botany at The Ohio State University where
he taught classes for 26 years and now conducts research on plant distribution
and the history of botany. Since May of 1994, he served as President of The
Ohio Academy of Science.
in Plant-Animal Interactions 10-24 August 1995
National Science Foundation has funded, through its Undergraduate Faculty
Enhancement Program, a work-shop designed for faculty who teach undergraduate
students and who are interested in learning research techniques that they
can then incorporate in classes and laboratory exercises at their home institutions.
This workshop will use flowers and pollinators to investigate a variety of
perspectives on plant-animal interactions. The workshop will be taught 10
- 24 August at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory in Gothic, Colorado,
by Drs. David Inouye, Carol Kearns, James Thomson, and Nick Waser, with assistance
from other researchers in pollination biology who work at the Laboratory.
All workshop expenses will be paid for participants by the NSF grant. For
more information, please contact Dr. David Inouye, Rocky Mtn. Biological Laboratory,
P. O. Box 519, Crested Butte, CO 81224. 303-349-5801; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Women, minorities, and per-sons with disabilities that are not incompatible
with field research are encouraged to apply.
of Wisconsin - Stevens Point The Department of Biology invites applications
for a tenure-track assistant professor position in plant physiology. Applicants
must have training, experience, and a Ph.D. dissertation in plant physiology.
Broad training in botany, including plant cell biology, is required, with
experience in plant pathology preferred. Demonstrated ability and commitment
to undergraduate teaching is required. Responsibilities include undergraduate
teaching, student advising. and development of a re-search program in plant
physiology. Teaching load is 12 credits per semester divided between freshman
biology and upper level plant physiology. Opportunities will exist to develop
an upper level specialty course. Applications will be accepted until August
15, 1995. Appointment date is January 10, 1996. To apply, send a letter of
interest, statement of teaching philosophy, curriculum vitae, three letters
of recommendation, and copies of undergraduate and graduate transcripts to:
Dr. S. Jansky, Chair, Department of Biology, University of Wisconsin - Stevens
Point, Stevens Point, WI 54481, phone: 715-346-4250.
Academy of Sciences
California Academy of Sciences is re-opening its search for an Assistant Curator
of Botany. Applications are solicited from individuals with primary interest
in and commitment to active, field- and collection-oriented research in vascular
plant major herbarium. Candidates must have a Ph.D., an active research program
with demonstrated interest and competence in a particular group of vascular
plants, and be prepared to participate in a variety of curatorial, administrative,
and public educational activities at the Academy. Information about the Academy
and its research departments is available on the Academy's gopher server (gopher.calacademy.org)
or WWWscrver (http:// www.calacademy.org). Applicants should forward a curriculum
vitae, description of research goals, copies of significant publications,
and the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of three references to: Human
Resources, No. ACB, California Academy of Sciences, Golden Gate Park, San
Francisco, CA 94118-4599. Deadline for applications is 15 September 1995.
of California, Riverside
postdoctoral position is available July 1, 1995 to study the genetic and developmental
basis of pea leaf morphogenesis and the roles of the Af and Tl genes. Applicant
must have a Ph.D. in plant molecular biology, plant development or genetics.
Experience in cloning techniques is desirable. Interested candidates should
send a cover letter describing research interests, curriculum vitae, unofficial
transcripts and three letters of recommendation to: Dr. Darleen A. DeMason,
Department ofBotany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside,
CA 92521; telephone (909)787-3580; e-mail email@example.com. The University
of California is an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer.
ASC Annual Meeting
June - 2 July 1995
1995 Association of Systematics Collections Annual Meeting will be jointly
hosted by the University of California, Berkeley, and the California Academy
of Sciences on June 30 - July 2. The meeting will feature a workshop on "Natural
History Collections on the In-formation Superhighway." Partnerships among
systematics collections of various kinds, and state and fed-
agencies will be the topic of another session. Finally, ASC members and friends
will discuss ASC's strategic planning initiative, in light of these partner-ships.
For registration and hotel information, contact: ASC, 730 11th Street N.W.,
Second Floor, Washing-ton, D.C. 20001-4521; 202-347-2850; fax 202-347-0072.
27th International Numerical Taxonomy Conference (NT-27) will be held in conjunction
with the annual meetings of the Society of Systematic Biologists, the Society
for the Study of Evolution, and the American Society of Naturalists, 8-12
July 1995 at McGill Umiversity, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. For additional information
about NT-27, contact Francois-Joseph Lapointe (Department de sciences biologiques,
Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centreville, Montreal, Quebec,
H3C 3J7, Canada; tel: 514-343-7999, fax: 514-343-2253, e-mail: lapoinf @ere.umontreal.ca)
or Richard Jensen (Department of Biology, Saint Mary's College, Notre Dame,
IN 46556; tel: 219-284-4674; fax: 219-284-4716; e-mail: rjensen @saintmarys.edu).
For additional information about the SSB/SSE/ASN meetings, contact Evol Secretariat,
Conference Office, McGill University, 550 Sherbrooke St. W., West Tower, Suite
490, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1 B9, Canada (tel: 514-398-3770; fax: 514-398-4854;
symposium to commemorate Prof. R.E. Holttum, pre-eminent pteridologist of
the 20th Century. All aspects of pteridology may be covered in relation to
both extant and fossil pteridophytes world-wide. The circular, with registration
and accommodation booking forms, is available from: Pteridophyte Symposium
'95, Miss J.M. Ide, c/o R.J. Johns, The Herbarium, The Royal Botanic Gardens,
Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9
UK. email P.EDWARDS@RBGKEW.ORG.L"K or fax +44
& Fungal Cytoskeleton
Gordon Research Conference on Plant & Fungal Cytoskeleton will he held
July 23-28, 1995. Meeting organizers: Sue Wick, chair, David Drubin, vice-chair.
Session topics include: Actin & Actin-Binding Proteins; Motors & Associated
Proteins; Organelle Movements in Development; Polarity, Development &
Morphogenesis; Cytokinesis; Plant Sexual Reproduction (round-table discussion);
Microtubule Organization and Organizing Centers; Cell Wall-Membrane Links
to Cytoskeleton; Cell Cycle and Signal Transduction;
half-page poster abstracts to vice-chair: David_Drubin@maillink.berkeley.edu
(Dept. Molec. & Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, 455
LSA, Berkeley, CA 94720). Some funds will be avail-able to help defray meeting
expenses for senior graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and faculty within
the first three years of their faculty appointment who plan to present a poster.
To apply for funding, contact chair: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dept. Plant
Biol., University of Minnesota, 220 BSC, 1445 Gortner Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108;
612 625-4718 or 612 625-] 738 fax). Application form in February 3, 1995 issue
of SCIENCE or from Gordon Research Conferences, PO Box 984, West Kingston,
July - 3 August 1995
1995 meeting of the American Bryological and Lichenological Society will be
held 29 July -3 August at the Palisades Environmental Centre in Jasper National
Park, Alberta, Canada. Field trips in the Rocky Mountains will visit alpine
and subalpine areas, foot-hills montane zones, interior cedar temperate rain
forests, and central ranges, with side trips to the Columbia Ice Field and
Miette Hot Springs. Field trip leaders: Dale Vitt and Rene Belland (bryophytes;
Bernard Goffinet and Trevor Goward (lichens). The meeting also includes papers,
posters, photography workshops, and a symposium "The Application of Modern
Molecular Tools to Classic Bryological and Lichenological Questions." Registration
US$50 ($35 students). Lodging: From US$52 (at the meeting site, food included)
to US$80 in Jasper townsite (food not included). Transportation: Van from
Edmonton to Jasper (about 4 hours). For information and registration form,
contact Dale H. Vitt, Biological Sciences, CW 405 Bio. Sci. Bldg., University
of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2E9; Telephone 403/492-3380; FAX 403/492-1899,
or Chicita F. Culberson, Dept. of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0338,
USA; FAX 919/ 684-5412; E-mail: email@example.com. Registration deadline:
I May 1995.
Sixth International Symposium 29 July - 2 August 1995
and Evolution in Arctic and Alpine Plants." Correspondence: VI IOPB-Symposium,
the Bergius Foundation, P.O. Box 50017, S-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden; fax -i-46
8 612 9005.
meeting of the North America Chapter of the Inter-national Society for Ecological
Modeling will be held 6–10 August 1995 in San Diego, California with
the annual meetings of the AIBS. Papers and symposium proposals are invited
on all aspects of ecological modeling, systems analysis, and system simulation
Deadline for receipt of symposium proposals is 30 January 1995. Deadline for
receipt of abstracts for contributed papers is 10 February 1995. Send symposium
proposals, abstracts, and requests for further in-formation to: Anthony W.
King, Environmental Sciences Division, Bldg. 1000, MS 6335, Oak Ridge National
Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6335, Phone: (615) 576-3436,
email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Fax: (615) 574-2232
in Botany and Biology Classrooms
Your Uses of Multimedia..The Teaching Section of the Botanical Society of
America and the AIBS are co-sponsoring a symposium, "Multi-media in Botany
and Biology Classrooms" which will be presented on August 8 at the AIBS meetings
in San Diego. The symposium is being organized by Neil Campbell, University
of California at Riverside and David Kramer, Ohio State University at Mansfield.
The morning session will consist of presented papers on ways multimedia can
be built into biology courses and ways you can pay for it! The afternoon session
will consist of hands-on demonstrations in the format of a poster session;
i.e., using a computer lab at University of California San Di-ego, presenters
will be demonstrating their software/ hardware to those who are interested.
If you would like to be a presenter in the hands-on session, please contact
Dr. Kramer at (419) 755-4344, FAX (419) 755-4367, or by e-mail: email@example.com.
Dead-line for abstracts is February 1.
of Terrestrial Plants
Conference of Diversification and Evolution of Terrestrial Plants in Geological
Time (ICTPG) will be held in Nanjing, China, organized by Nanjing Institute
of Geology and Paleontology, Academia Sinica and Paleobotanical Society of
China, Sept. 4-8, 1995, with paleobotanical excursions Sept. 9-18. The Chairman
of the organizing committee is Prof. Xingxue Li. The registration fee before
March 1, 1995 is $200 US (students: $100 US), late registration is $250 (students:
$150 US). Abstracts should be sent to the secretariat before December 31,
1994, For further information contact: Secretariate of ICTPG or Prof. G. Sun,
Dept. of Palaeobotany, Nanjing Institute of Geol. & Paleont., Academia
Sinica, Chi-Ming-Ssu, Nanjing, 210008, PR CHINA. Telephone: 86-25-6637208/FAX
Dr. M.J. Puertas, Departmento de Genetica, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad
Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
and Endangered Plant Conference 11-14 September 1995
Second Southwestern Rare and Endangered Plant Conference will be held 11-14
September, 1995, in Flagstaff, Arizona. Authors with topics concerning rare
plants in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah are invited to submit
abstracts of papers that they would like to present at this symposium. Topics
may include survey and impact assessment, population biology, demographic
studies, reproduction, seed biology, distribution, genetics and systematics,
monitoring, recovery strategies, and strategies for protection in an ecosystem
context. Proceedings will be published. For further information contact Dr.
Joyce Maschinski, The Arboretum at Flagstaff, P.O. Box 670, Flagstaff, AZ
86002. Telephone 602/774-1441; email - firstname.lastname@example.org.
Second International Rubiaceae Conference is scheduled for September 12-14,
1995 in Meise (Brussels). For further information you may contact Professor
E. Robbrecht, Conference secretariat, National Botanic Garden, Domein van
Bouchout, B-1860 Meise (Belgium). Telephone: (32 2) 269 39 05; FAX (32 2)
270 15 67.
Station Hilton Hotel and Conference Center, College Station, Texas. Invited
speakers and contributed posters will cover various genetic, molecular, physiological,
cytological, and evolutionary aspects of asexual seed reproduction and its
application to crop improvement. Related topics in plant sexual reproduction
will also be presented. Some financial support for international attendees
will be available. For further information and circulars, please contact Dr.
David M. Stelly, Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University,
College Station, Texas 77843-2474. Phone: (409)-845-2745, fax: (409)-862-4733,
E-MAIL: monosom @ ri gel.tamu.edu.
Symposium on "Engineering Plants for Commercial Products/Applications", University
of Kentucky, Lexington KY, USA. Co-organizers: Glenn B. Collins and Robert
J. Shepherd. To be added to the conference mailing list, send your name and
address to: International Symposium on Engineering Plants, c/o Conferences
and Institutes, 218 Peterson Service Building, Lexington KY 40506-00005, USA.
Email: email@example.com, phone: 606/257-3929; FAX: 606/323-1053.
Competitiveness in Migrations 9-12 June 1996
is the subject of a proposed symposium at the 6th North American Paleontological
Convention, June 9-12, 1996, in Washington, D.C. Some aspects of the topic
might be: Which plant and animal taxa have undergone long-distance migration
and under what conditions? What properties did they possess that allowed them
to migrate? How well did they do after they arrived at their destination;
in that connection, what has been the durability of the migrants in their
new region compared with their post-migration durability in their original
region? Do new immigrant taxa become established by competitive replacement
or by filling empty niches? Is there any correlation between the success of
immigrant taxa and their inherent abilities to evolve?
First Circular of NACP-96 has been distributed; if you didn't get one, write,
call, or fax me and I will send you one. The Second Circular will be mailed
this Fall, so I will be glad to put you on the mailing list or you can reply
directly to the NACP-96 converners using the form in the First Circular. How-ever,
I would be pleased to hear from you if you are interested in giving a paper
at the symposium described here. I hope to get a good mixture of plant and
animal papers, based on material of various ages. It seems that enough is
known about long-distance migrations of taxa in the distant past, and the
profound effect some of them have had on evolution and changes in flora or
fauna after their arrival, so that next year at NACP would be a good place
and time to explore these questions. Contact: Norm Frederiksen- U.S. Geological
Survey, mail stop 970, Reston, VA 22096; phone 703-648-5277; fax 703-648-5420.
and Fossil Charophytes
2nd International Symposium on extant and fossil Charophytes (Charales) at
Madison, Wisconsin, will cover a wide scope of topics dealing with extant
and fossil forms and fossil/extant relationships; a session will be devoted
to the evolutionary position and taxonomic status of the Charophyta. For more
information, please contact Dr. Linda Graham (Department of Botany, University
of Wisconsin - Madison, 430 Lincoln Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1381,
fax 608-262-7509, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org) or Dr. Monique Feist (Colloque
Charophytes, Laboratoire de Paleobotanique, UM2, 34095 Montpellier cedex 05,
France, fax 33.67.04.20.32, e-mail email@example.com).
33 Plant Communities of New Jersey. B.R. Collins and K.H. Anderson (1994)
— B. McCarthy
34 One Hundred and One Botanists Duane Isely (1994) — W.L. Stern
34 Tissue Culture Techniques. B.M. Martin (1994) — G. Cooper-Driver
Communities of New Jersey: A Study in Landscape Diversity. Beryl Robichaud
Collins and Karl H. Anderson. 1994. ISBN 0-8135-2070-3 (cloth, $45.00); ISBN
0-8135-2071-1 (paper, $17.00). Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New
Jersey 08901—This is essentially an updated and considerably revised
version of the Vegetation of New Jersey, first published in 1973, by Beryl
Robichaud and Murray F. Buell. The present version is attractively priced,
well illustrated (85 b&w illustrations, 32 tables), and scientifically
accurate. The book is written and presented in a fashion that makes it accessible
to both non-technical audiences as well as professional botanists. While designed
primarily as a reference book, I envision that it might also be useful as
a supplementary textbook in New Jersey-based field botany or ecology classes
at the under-graduate or graduate level. The book is well indexed, provides
a bibliography of helpful texts for plant identification, provides appendices
with cross-references between common and scientific names of plants, and overall,
and is a marked improvement from the previous version.
Plant Communities of New Jersey is 287 pages in length and consists of fourteen
chapters distributed amongst four sections. Each chapter closes with a list
of references and source materials. The Introduction is certainly worth a
few moments of reflection. It highlights the fact that New Jersey is one of
the country's most industrialized, economically advanced, and densely populated
states all supported by one of the smallest land masses—yet, it still
retains many tracts of natural or minimally disturbed vegetation. Given the
level of development and small land mass of the state, many are surprised
at the enormous diversity of vegetation types and species present. The authors
state that the purpose of the book is to "de-scribe the vegetation of New
Jersey in terms of its appearance and plant composition, an equally important
goal is to explain why the vegetation is now what it is."
I (chapter 1) provides a brief over-view of why New Jersey's vegetation is
what it is. The authors review the various abiotic and biotic mechanisms that
determine plant community structure such as geology, soils, climate, animals,
and humans. They also discuss the process of succession and pro-vide a nice
set of six illustrated plates depicting succession on the Piedmont of New
Jersey. While this is all very familiar material to vegetation ecologists
(and will likely be passed over by most botanists), it is an appropriate beginning
for non-technical readers. Unfortunately, for the latter audience, this opening
chap-ter falls disappointingly short. Considerably more in-formation should
have been provided regarding community and ecosystem processes.
II (chapters 2-5) expands upon much of what was highlighted in chapter 1 and
discusses the various influences on the natural vegetation of New Jersey.
Chapter 2 provides an overview of the geologic and soil features of the state.
This chapter identifies the five physiographic land regions, geologic history
of the state, present landforms, and maps detailing the various soil associations.
Chapter 3 evaluates the past, present, and future climate of New Jersey with
a discussion of temperature and rainfall patterns as well as discussions of
the effects of air pollution and global warming on vegetation. Chapter 4 describes
the impact of humans and other plants and animals on New Jerseys natural vegetation.
The history of human settlement, population growth, and dispersal are de-scribed.
The effects of exotic plants, pathogens, and insects are also described. The
effects of gypsy moth are evaluated in some detail, yet other biotic agents,
such as the white-tailed deer are scarcely mentioned. Chapter 5 closes out
this section by integrating the in-formation from the previous chapters, and
delineating the types of natural vegetation found in New Jersey.
III (chapters 6-13) are the foundation of the text and provide detailed descriptions
of the eight major plant community types found in the state. Each chapter
provides a description of the various vegetation associations within that
community type, provides tables listing both the common and scientific names
of typical plant species, and often includes a discussion of human influences
on that specific habitat type. Chapters 6-7 primarily describe the forest
communities of ridgetops, steep slopes, and up-
Chapters 8-9 describe the freshwater wetland communities of North and South
Jersey. The vegetation is described for freshwater marshes, swamps, floodplains,
bogs, and fens. Chapters 10-11 focus on the Coastal Plain vegetation of southern
New Jersey. These chapters highlight the vegetation of the inner and outer
coastal plain communities, which include the unique vegetation of the Pine
Barrens. Chapters 12-13 characterize the vegetation of the coastal communities
and provide descriptions of coastal salt marshes, brackish marshes, as well
as, dunegrass, beach heather, shrub thicket, and dune woodland vegetation.
IV (chapter 14) closes the book with a discussion of the possibilities for
the future of New Jersey's landscape. It describes the problems of exponential
human population growth and the apparently unabated economic growth. The consequences
of this in terms of pollution and its effects on biodiversity are presented
and discussed, as is the larger context of the potential effects of global
threats to New Jersey's landscape. New Jersey is taking important steps in
the conservation of its natural resources; however, land planners will have
to be ever vigilant if long-term conservation goals are to be met.
the introduction, the authors state that their primary goal was to describe
the vegetation of New Jersey and evaluate the factors that have made the vegetation
what it is today. Not only did they accomplish this goal, but they did so
in a fashion that made the information accessible to a lay audience without
sacrificing scientific integrity. The writing style is clear, most illustrations
and photographs are of high quality, the tables of typical plant species found
in each community type are quite helpful. I recommend Plant Communities of
New Jersey for all casual botanists, vegetation scientists, and every New
Jersey-an who cares about the environment. - Brian McCarthy, Ohio University,
Hundred and One Botanists Duane Isely. 1994 ISBN 0-8138-2498-2, i-xiii + 351
pp. (cloth US$32.95). Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa 50014-8300.
— Charming, fun to read, informative, titillating, all describe aspects
of Isely's efforts to introduce us to the contributions and personalities
of a large number of persons whose efforts to advance botany have impelled
them into the phytological pantheon. Most of the elected would fall into anyone's
select group of botanists — Theophrastus, Linneaus, Lamarck, Hales,
Mendel, Robert Brown, Darwin, Engler, Sachs, Agnes Arber, and the Hookers
— other who are included would raise eyebrows among some of us —
Thomas Andrew Knight, Luco Ghini, Julius Oscar Brefeld, Charles Clemon Deam.
But the inclusion of the latter does not detract from the overall fascination
of the reading and introduces us to some unsung botanical heroes. Throughout,
and whenever possible, Isely tries to assure us that botanists are really
people, who have idiosyncrasies, families, children, friends, hobbies, and
in many cases a life besides plants. Isely's use of language, i.e., slang,
provides a kind of intimacy between author and reader; one cannot help but
wonder in another generation what such cute expressions as "spacey, "biggy,"
goodies," "turned on," and "zilch" will express and whether "an 011ie North-type
abduction" will mean anything in the next century. Some repeated errors should
have been culled by punctilious editors, e.g., Proteraceae for Proteaceae,
Upsala for Uppsala, Smithsonian Institute for Smithsonian Institution, Dodonaeus's
Pemtades for Pemptades, Linnaean Society for Linnean Society. Because I intend
to assign this book as a required text in my history of botany course, I hope
a second printing will eliminate these, other mistakes, and inconsistencies.
botanist or non-botanist, can read this book for information and for just
plain enjoyment. It contains a minimum of technical terms, lots of Isely's
personal opinions about his subjects, catchy phraseology, and sparkling good
humor. To be sure, other notable botanists could have been included —
Barbara McClintock, Leonhard Fuchs, Irving W. Bailey, and Phillip Miller —
but then we'd run over one hundred and one. This gem of a book should be on
every plant scientist's bookshelf and should be required reading for this
generation of students who appear bereft of an appreciation for botany's past
successes. — William Louis Stern, Department of Botany, University of
Culture Techniques B.M. Martin. 1994. ISBN 0-8176-3718-4 (cloth US$85.00),
ISBN 0-8176-3643-9 (paper US$39.00) 247 pp. Birkhāuser Boston, P.O. Box
19386, Newark, NJ 07195-9386 — Having recently started working with
plant tissue culture, I was very excited to review a newly published book
on Tissue Culture Techniques, and to see what I was doing right or wrong!
The author makes it clear that the purpose of this book is to provide students
with a practical guide for culturing cells or, in her own words, "to maintain
viable functional cells outside their normal, in vivo environments."
first two chapters provide basic information which applies to the culture
of any type of living tissue, plant or animal. This includes a discussion
of aseptic techniques, sterilization methods — including such basic
information as the difference between liquid and dry sterilization, and quality
control methods. The quality control section emphasizes the importance of
keeping track of all equipment and
on p. 35
you would like to review a book or books for PSB, contact the Editor, stating
the book of interest and the date by which it would be reviewed (15 February,
15 May, 15 August or 15 November of the appropriate year). Send E-MAIL, call
or write as soon as you notice the book of interest in
list, because they go quickly!—Ed.
= book in review or declined for review ** = book reviewed in this issue
Galls: Organisms, Interactions, Populations Williams, M.A.J., ed. 1994 ISBN
0-19-857769-9 (cb) 488 pp. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New
York NY 10016
from Conservation Biology: Plant Conservation Ehrenfeld, D., ed. 1995 ISBN
0-86542-450-0 (pb US$24.95) 224 pp. Blackwell Science, Inc., 238 Main St.,
Cambridge MA 02142
"El Cielo" Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico: An Annotated Bibliography
of the Botanical Literature Perrine, J.D., and D.L. Gorchov. 1994 1994 ISSN
0833-1475 (pb) 48 pp. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 12, Botanical Research
Institute of Texas, 509 Pecan Street, Fort Worth TX 76102-4060
Control of Weeds and Plant Diseases: Advances in Applied Allelopathy Rice,
E.L. 1995 ISBN 0-8061-2698-1 (cb US$55.00) 439 pp. University of Oklahoma
Press, 1005 Asp Avenue, Norman OK 73019-0445
Flowers Casida, J.E., and G.B. Quistad, eds. 1995 ISBN 0-19-508210-9 (cb US$55.00)
356 pp. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York NY 10016
from Conservation Biology: Genes, Populations, and Species. Ehrenfeld, D.,
ed. 1995 ISBN 0-86542-452-7 (pb US$24.95) 224 pp. Blackwell Science, Inc.,
238 Main St., Cam-bridge MA 02142
Major Stephen H. Long's 1820 Expedition Goodman, G.J., and C.A. Lawson. 1995
ISBN 0-8061-2703-1 (cb US$38.50) 347 pp. University of Oklahoma Press, 1005
Asp Avenue, Norman OK 73019-0445
Dioxide Fixation and Reduction in Biological and Model Systems Brandēn,
C.-I., and G. Schneider, eds. 1994 ISBN 0-19-854782-X (cb US$135.00) 305 pp.
Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York NY 10016
Acids and their Derivatives in Higher Plants Wallsgrove, R.M., ed. 1995 ISBN
0-521-45453-0 (cb US$64.95) 280 pp. Cam-bridge University Press, 40 West 20th
St., New York, NY 10011-4211
Palms of the Amazon Henderson, A. 1995 ISBN 0-19-508311-3 (cb US $95.00) 362
pp. Ox-ford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York NY 10016
Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae Cooperrider,
T.S. 1995 ISBN 0-8142-0628-X (cb US$65.00) 656 pp. Ohio State University Press,
180 Pressey Hall, 1070 Cannock Rd., Columbus OH 432210-1002
Annotations and Identification Notes for Manual of the Vascular Flora of the
Carolinas Freeman, J.D. 1994 ISSN 0833-1475 (pb) 54 pp. Sida, Botanical Miscellany,
No. 11, Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 509 Pecan Street, Fort Worth
from p. 34
and of maintaining accurate records of when glassware and equipment were sterilized.
Each chapter is accompanied by Suggested Readings and Practical Exercises.
All advice is clearly given and well illustrated.
I was really disappointed when I reached Chapter 3 and suddenly realized that
the remainder of the book — 7 chapters in all — is completely
focused on mammalian cells: routine cell culture, experiments in culture,
primary cell cultures, cell preservation, cell cloning, and culture changes.
The final chapter describes what to do if you need information for new cell
studies, how to search the literature and use the information in advertising
catalogs, but unfortunately there is no advice on how to use the Internet.
Overall, this book is of limited interest to anyone working with plant tissue
cultures. What a disappointment! — Gillian Cooper-Driver, Biology Department,
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