PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN

A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc. Picture

THOMAS N. TAYLOR, Editor Department of Botany, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (614) 422-3564

Editorial Board
JUDITH A. JERNSTEDT Dept. of Agronomy & Range Science, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616
RUDY SCHMID Department of Botany, University of California, Berkeley, California, 94720
HARDY W. ESHBAUGH Department of Botany, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056

PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN (ISSN 0032-0919) is published four times per year by the Botanical Society of America, Inc., 1735 Neil Ave.. Columbus. OH 43210. Second class postage pending at Columbus. Ohio and additional mailing office. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Robert H. Essman, Botanical Society of America, 1735 Neil Ave.. Columbus. OH 43210.

October, 1989 Volume 35 No. 3

The following two articles have a common theme relating to the image and vitality of the Botanical Society of America. I am confident that within our membership there are both supportive and differing points of view on either or both of these topics. I encourage your thoughtful response to these timely issues that face our discipline and our society.

Thomas N. Taylor, Editor

WHAT'S IN A NAME?

During this year's Council meeting, two perennial problems were discussed once again: declining membership in the Society and a lack of broad representation of section topics in the Journal. Of course, over the years these problems have been due in part to the creation of separate societies to represent the ecologists, mycologists, phycologists, physiologists, and taxonomists. During this year's discussion, it occurred to me that our position has continued to decline in more recent years--despite the valiant efforts of our Member-ship and Appraisal Committee--because of the changing concept of what is encompassed in the terms "botanical," as in Botanical Society of America and "botany," as in American Journal of Botany. During the past 25 years especially, the concept of "botany" and of things "botanical" has gradually changed from a very broad one to a relatively narrow one. When the Society was founded, the concept of "botany" encompassed all aspects of biology dealing with plants and the Society was the umbrella society for those interested in basic education and research on plants. Unfortunately, the concept of botany held today by most young, aspiring biologists, by most of our contemporaries, and by funding agencies and university administrators seems to date back to the late 50's or early 60's, and does not include modern molecular, cellular, genetic, and developmental aspects. In fact, to many people today, "botany" has a distinct, archaic odor.

What can be done about our problems of declining membership and lack of broad representation in the Journal? I believe a positive step would be to adopt a new name for our Society, a name that today conceptually encompasses all aspects of our science. I propose that we change the name of our Society to the American Society of Plant Biology (Botanical Society of America) and that of our Journal to the American Journal of Plant Biology (American Journal of Botany).

The previous Society and Journal names would accompany the new names in parentheses for five or more years to ease the transition. (They could accompany the new names indefinitely.)

With the exception of those enrolled in colleges of agriculture, most undergraduates interested in plants today are graduating from biology departments, not from botany departments. They do not regard themselves as botanists but as biologists and, apparently, most favor enrolling in biology or plant biology departments for graduate degrees. Check with any of the still existing botany departments about the increasingly difficult problems they are experiencing in recruiting top-flight graduate students. I contend that a change in the name of those departments from botany to plant biology would make a significant difference. Few molecular biologists working on plant material would consider joining the Botanical Society of America or publishing in the American Journal of Botany. But how about the American Society of Plant Biology and the American Journal of plant Biology?

The suggestion of a name change was made at the Council meeting this summer. Much to my surprise it received a very positive response, and I was encouraged by the

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Council to write this letter. Before I left Toronto for home, one of our Society members told me that he wished I had made such a suggestion 15 years ago. He was certain that had his department become a "Plant Biology Department," an impending merger with two or more other departments on his campus could have been avoided. Others said they always ally themselves with members of one or more other departments in order to improve their chances for financial support from their universities. To apply under "Botany" was to guarantee failure. They feel "Plant Biology" would make a difference. Unfortunately, much of the problem lies in the name Botany.

Not all of the response at Toronto was positive. To some it seems disloyal to change our name. We should "educate" people about "botany." Many of us have been trying to do so all of our professional lives. (Incidentally, Webster defines botany as "a branch of biology dealing with plant life.") The problem with "plant science" is that it already has strong implications for the agricultural sciences horticulture, agronomy, and plant pathology.

I have tried to compile a list of the negative consequences that might result from a change in the name of our Society to the American Society of Plant Biology. I have failed to identify any negative consequence. I believe, however, that we may miss a golden opportunity to seize the initiative--to enter the 21st century with a new image and with renewed vitality.

A botanist by any other name is still a botanist. I will always identify myself as a botanist. At the same time, I think it is imperative to do everything possible to make our profession as appealing as possible to a broad spectrum of individuals working with plants and plant material. As corporations and individuals change their names for conceptual purposes or to present a new image, professional societies should not hesitate to do so.

Ray F. Evert
University of Wisconsin
Department of Botany

BOTANY DEPARTMENTS VS. BIOLOGY DEPARTMENTS: Is There a Difference for Botanical Society of America Members?

Introduction - In 1913 W.G. Farlow ex-pressed the fear that biology departments were a way to decrease the employment of botanists (Farlow, 1913). As an undergraduate and graduate student in strong botany departments, I heard this same concern voiced in the 1970's. As a faculty member in the 1980's, I have watched as my retiring botanical colleagues in the "School of Biological Sciences" were replaced by molecular zoologists and I became curious to see if this trend was national and if it could be documented.

Materials and Methods - Data on employment of botanists (defined as membership in the Botanical Society of America [BSA]) for fifty years was obtained from the 1938-1939 and 1952-1954 BSA Year Books and the 1977 and 1988 BSA Directories. The geographical index of members was used in the 1938-1939 Year Book and each college or university with two or more members was included in the sample for that interval (non-academic institutions were excluded). For the 1952-1954 Year Book and the 1977 and 1988 Directories, colleges and universities with more than five BSA members were included. For the 1988 Directory, which lists members by geographical rather than institutional localities, the list of members was checked against the names and addresses if there was more than one college or university in the city. For each institution two or more names were checked to determine if that college or university had a biology or a botany department; plant science and combination botany/microbiology or botany/plant pathology departments were counted as botany departments.

Three categories of affiliation were used: botany departments that remained botany departments, biology departments that remained biology departments, and botany departments that switched to biology departments at some time between 1939 and 1988. The number of BSA members for each department was totalled for each of the four times and the net changes in membership for 1939-1954, 1954-1977, 1977-1988 were counted. (Due to the tedium involved, the counts were not double checked so there are probably some minor errors in the sums.) The BSA membership total for each of these four sample years was also recorded and the changes in the total membership for each interval were calculated as were the average largest number of members and the change in membership from the largest size to 1988.

The net changes were averaged for the three categories as well as a fourth category, departments that switched to biology in that particular interval. The averages were compared used a t-test to see if the differences were statistically significant.

Results - The results provide some support for Farlow's suspicions. For all intervals the increase in the number of BSA members was greatest for botany departments although the differences between botany departments and each of the other categories are statistically significant only for the 1954-1977 time span (Table 1).

TABLE 1. Average Changes in Number of BSA Members by Type of Department at Academic Institutions

Years Botany Depts. Biol. Depts. All Depts. Switch

Depts Switch This Time

'39-'54
+6.06
+1.86
+2.82
+0.50
'54-'77
+4.54
-3.82*
-1.89**
-3.67**
'77-'88
+1.18
-0.28
-0.75
-2.00

* Difference significant at the 95% level ** Difference significant at the 99% level

Botany departments had the largest aver-age number of members at the peak of BSA membership (Table 2). The change from the largest size to 1988 was similar for the three categories so that proportionally botany departments lost fewer members.

TABLE 2. Largest Average Institutional Membership Totals and Average Change from High to 1988

 

Average Largest Size

Change from Largest to 1988

Botany Depts.
19.98
-3.00
Biology Depts.
10.10
-3.69
Depts. Switching
11.89
-2.96

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The BSA membership increased by 852 members (70%) from 1939 to 1954 and by 1255 members (61%) from 1954 to 1977. From 1977 to 1988, the number of members dropped by 567 (17%) (Table 3).

TABLE 3. Changes in Botanical Society of America Membership Changes in

  Changes in Number of Members Changes in %
1939-1954
+852
+70%
1954-1977
+1255
+61%
1977-1988
-567
-17%

Conclusions - Plant scientists' self-identifications as botanists (as demonstrated by membership in the BSA) appear to be strongest at academic institutions that have botany or plant science departments. The switch from botany departments to biology departments may have a serious impact on future BSA membership unless plant scientists in biology departments can be convinced that membership in the BSA is of value.

Reference - Farlow, W.G. 1913. The change from the old to the new botany in the United States. Science 37: 79-84.

Margaret R. Bolick
University of Nebraska State Museum
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

POSITION ANNOUNCEMENTS

Chair, Department of Botany

Miami University invites applications and nominations for the position of Chair of the Department of Botany. Candidates must have an excellent record of accomplishment in research within the discipline, a demonstrated interest and ability in effective teaching, and the capability of providing the administrative leadership to continue and extend the department's established strengths in research, teaching, and service. The successful candidate will begin a five-year renewable term July 1, 1990. The Department includes 17 faculty and offers the Baccalaureate, Masters, and Ph.D. degrees. There are many special research facilities available for faculty in the department. Departmental research interests include: ecology, molecular biology, morphology, mycology, phycology, plant anatomy, plant physiology, systematics and tissue culture. Review of applications will begin on October 13, 1989. Application
should include a curriculum vitae and descriptions of: administrative experience, teaching experience, and current research, including copies of representative publications. All of the above and 5 letters of reference should be sent to: Dr. John Skillings, Chair, Botany Chair Search Committee, College of Arts and Science, 270 Upham Hall, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056 (513/529-5818). Equal Opportunity in Employment and Education.

Microscopist

Winterthur Museum has an opening for a microscopist. Responsibilities include identifying wood, paper, textiles and related organic and inorganic materials from objects of antiquity utilizing light micros-copy, as well as teaching appropriate materials when required by the graduate program jointly sponsored by the Museum and the University of Delaware. Candidates will be considered with a B.S. in the biological sciences or equivalent work experience; M.S. preferred. Experience in fluorescence microscopy is also desired. Send resumé stating salary history to: Human Resources Division, Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, DE 19735. An Equal Opportunity Employer.

Developmental or Evolutionary Plant Biology

The Department of Plant Biology of the University of Minnesota invites applications for a tenure-track assistant professor position beginning September 16, 1990. We especially encourage applications from minorities. The successful candidate will be expected to develop a strong independent research program in evolutionary or develop-mental plant biology and to participate in undergraduate and graduate education. Minimum qualification for the candidate is a Ph.D. in Plant Biology or a related field. Completion of 2 years post-Ph.D. research experience by the starting date is strongly preferred. Applicants should submit a curriculum vitae, a two-page statement of research and teaching interests, 1 or 2 representative publication(s), and have three letters of reference sent by October 16, 1989 to: Dr. Mark Brenner, Department of Plant Biology, 220 BioScience Center, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108 (612/625-1234, FAX:. 612/625-5754). The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer and specifically invites and encourages applications from women and minorities.

Structural Botanist

The Department of Biology, Southwest Texas State University, invites applications for an entry-level, tenure-track appointment in the field of Structural Botany. The successful candidate will be expected to have a strong commitment to excellence in teaching and to develop an active, externally-funded research program in the field of vascular plant morphology. Areas of emphasis may include, but are not limited to, paleobotany, morphogenesis, biomechanics or evolution. The candidate's specialty should complement the department's existing botanical strengths in plant anatomy and reproduction, taxonomy and systematics, ecology, physiology, and mycology. Demonstrated proficiency in transmission electron micros-copy and a research program focused on angiosperm taxa are desirable. Teaching commitments will include participation in introductory botany as well as vascular plant morphology at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Deadline for receiving applications is December 15, 1989. A curriculum vitae, copies of relevant publications, official graduate and undergraduate transcripts, and at least 3 letters of recommendation should be sent to: Dr. David E. Lemke, Chair, Search and Screen Commit-tee, Department of Biology, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666 (512/245-2178). Southwest Texas State University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action employer.

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MEETINGS

5th Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota

The symposium will be held at the University of Oslo, Norway from August 12-15, 1991 and will deal with Mesozoic terrestrial floras and faunas, their evolution, ecology, taphonomy and stratigraphy. Papers on problems of plant/animal interaction, insect faunas, vertebrate paleoecology, and the terminal Cretaceous event are especially welcome. Two field trips are being organized: to northern Norway and to Scania and east Denmark. Deadline for request of the first circular is March 31, 1990 from: Prof. Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Paleontologisk Museum, Sars gate 1, N-0562 Oslo 5, Norway.

New York Natural History Conference

This meeting, sponsored by the New York State Biological Survey, will be held in Albany from June 20-22, 1990, and will include symposia, contributed papers and poster sessions. The conference will update scientists on natural history research in New York State, focus attention on critical research needs, and foster communication among research groups. Contact: The New York Natural History Conference, Rm. 3140 Cultural Education Center, Biological Survey, New York State Museum, Albany, NY 12230 (518/474-5812).

Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops International Conference

The A.A.I.C., a new organization (see ANNOUNCEMENTS section below), will hold its first international conference from October 2-5, 1989 in Peoria, Illinois. The conference is co-sponsored by the USDA-ARS Northern Regional Research Center. For information about the conference, contact: Dr. Earle Hamerstrand, Conference Chairman, USDA-ARS Northern Regional Research Center, 1815 North University St., Peoria, IL 61604 (309/685-4011). The next A.A.I.C. International Conference will be held from October 8-12, 1990 in Riverside, California and will be co-sponsored by the University of California, Riverside. For further information, contact: Cindi McKernan, Conference Coordinator, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, River-side, CA 92521 (714/787-3423).

ANNOUNCEMENTS

Young Botanist Recognition Awards

The Botanical Society of America requests nominations for the Young Botanist Recognition Awards for 1990. The purpose of these awards is to offer individual recognition to outstanding graduating seniors in the plant sciences and to encourage their participation in the Botanical Society of America. Award winners each receive a Certificate of Recognition signed by the President of the Society and forwarded to the nominating faculty member for presentation.

Nominations should document the student's qualifications for the award and be accompanied by one or more letters of recommendation. Nominations should be sent to the Secretary, Gregory J. Anderson, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 75 North Eagleville Rd., The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3043 by April 1, 1990.

Workshop on Tropical Families for Systematics Instructors

With the destruction of tropical plant communities, it is imperative that, as instructors of undergraduate systematic courses, we should introduce students to the important tropical spermatophyte families and pique their interest in research on the systematics, ecology, and conservation of these plants. These families often are not covered due to the lack of time, lack of adequate materials, or lack of familiarity on the part of the instructor. For these reasons, Fairchild Tropical Garden is offering a two-week workshop (May 20-June 2, 1990) on the systematics of the major tropical plant families to help established faculty members overcome some of these problems. The workshop will include short lectures on each of the families, collecting forays in the living collection, laboratory observation of material, and field trips to the Florida Keys and the Everglades. Participants are encouraged to collect her-barium and pickled material and to take photographs of material for use in their own classes. Participants will be housed at the University of Miami for a modest fee of about $185 (double) to $275 (single) unless they stay in a motel of their own choice. Tuition will be about $350. Enrollment will be limited to twelve. Further information and application forms may be obtained by contacting: Dr. Roger W. Sanders, Fairchild Tropical Garden, 11935 Old Cutler Road, Miami, FL 33156 (305/665-2844).

Scholarships in Tropical Biology

The Garden Club of America is offering two $5,000 awards to assist with field work in the area of tropical botany. Awards will be made on a competitive basis to graduate students conducting field work in the tropics as part of their doctoral dissertation research. The awards will be made on a one-time basis, and applications are due by December 31, 1989. Recipients will be announced by March 15, 1990. There is no application form, however, students must include the following: 1) a curriculum vitae, including graduate and undergraduate transcripts; 2) evidence of foreign language capability; 3) a two-page outline of the proposed research; 4) a letter stating his or her plans for the future (a long-term commitment to conservation of tropical forests and an intent to work in the area will add merit to the application); and 5) a letter of recommendation from the advisor, which should include an evaluation of the student's progress to date. U.S. citizen-ship is not a requirement, however, students must be enrolled in a U.S. university to be eligible for this scholarship. Please mail applications to: Jane McKnight, World Wild-life Fund/Garden Club of America, Scholar-ships in Tropical Botany, World Wildlife Fund, 1250 24th St. NW, Washington, DC 20037 (202/293-4800).

Doctoral Fellowships

The Department of Biology at the University of Southwestern Louisiana has available two Board of Regents Doctoral Fellowships to begin in August 1990. Each Fellow receives a renewable stipend of $15,000 per year (12 months), plus complete waiver of tuition and

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fees. Both Fellowships may be used to support students in Phycology. Presently, the following areas of research are emphasized: 1) systematics and evolution of dinoflagellates, 2) ultrastructure of the protist flagellar apparatus, 3) structure, function and development of the phytoflagellate cytoskeleton, and 4) development and architectural control of the dinoflagellate cell wall. An extensive array of facilities is available to the Doctoral Fellow. For further information and application materials, write to: Dr. Keith R. Roberts, Graduate Coordinator, Department of Biology, P.O. Box 42451, University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette, LA 70504-2451. Application deadline is February 1, 1990 and applications from minorities are particularly encouraged.

"Association for the Advancement of Indus-trial Crops" Formed

The Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops (A.A.I.C.), restructured from the Guayule Rubber Society, is a non-profit scientific and educational organization, and is incorporated as such in the State of Texas, USA. The main objectives of the A.A.I.C. are to encourage all persons interested in industrial products derived from new or little-used agricultural crops, to be aware of and to use the latest advancement and information about science, technology, engineering, and laws pertaining to the growing, harvesting, processing, and end uses of industrial crops. In order to accomplish public awareness activities, and to promote communications among its members, the A.A.I.C. publishes a six-monthly journal, "El Guayulero," which includes refereed and non-refereed articles, short notes, association news and other items of interest to members. For information about member-ship and other aspects of this association, please contact: Dr. Himayat H. Naqvi, Botany and Plant Science, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (714/787-4643).

"Plants of the Tropics"

For the fifteenth year, Harvard University Summer School, in collaboration with Fairchild Tropical Garden, will offer an intensive in-residence graduate level course in tropical botany, taught by P.B. Tomlinson of Harvard Forest. The 4-week course (Biology S-105) will be given in Miami, Florida from June 11-July 6, 1990. Enrollment is limited to 10 students and tuition is estimated to be $900 (+ $15 application fee and $45 laboratory fee). Application forms should be requested from: Environmental and Field Biology, Dept. FB, Harvard Summer School, 20 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138. Deadline for application is March 31, 1990.

Omnet, Inc.

Omnet, Inc. is an electronic mail management company that specializes in serving the international science community with its SCIENCE-net network. By taking advantage of the many communication options supported on SCIENCE-net--electronic mail, bulletin boards, telex, fax delivery, and communication with other networks--members arrange meetings, share data and conduct collaborative research. Omnet's heavy emphasis on customer service and network maintenance assures that this communication takes place effortlessly. Fees are modest: an initial one-time $75 charge for setting up the first mailbox on an account ($35 for each additional box), plus monthly mailbox fees of $15 and connect-time charges that vary from $.26/min during peak hours to $.07/min during the off-peak hours. A total of $50 per month is the average estimate for some-one who uses the system regularly. For further information, please write or call Omnet at 137 Tonawanda St., Boston, MA 02124 (617/265-9230). [from Herbarium News)

Pre-Doctoral Fellowship at Savannah River Ecology Laboratory

Basic and applied research in ecology and environmental science has been conducted on the southeastern coastal plain for over 30 years by the faculty at the University of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. Applications are now being solicited for a new fellowship program that will support Ph.D. students at their home institutions during completion of course work and prior to full-time residence at SREL to conduct their dissertation research. It is expected that an SREL faculty member will serve on the student's doctoral committee, preferably as major or co-major professor. Support includes stipend and tuition and is contingent on acceptance into a Ph.D. program. All applicants must be U.S. citizens. For further information and application forms, contact: Ms. Janell Gregory, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, P.O. Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802. Deadline for applications is February 1, 1990. Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.

AWARDS

The 1989 Jesse M. Greenman Award

The 1989 Jesse M. Greenman Award has been won by Carol A. Todzia for her publication "Chloranthaceae: Hedyosmum," which appeared in Flora Neotropica Monographs, volume 48. This monograph is derived from a Ph.D. dissertation submitted to the University of Texas, under the direction of Dr. Beryl B. Simpson. The genus Hedyosmum is comprised of 40 species of predominately montane, neotropical shrubs and trees. The comprehensive monograph, which includes four newly described species, reexamines previous treatments of the genus and presents new data on anatomy, morphology, ecology, and geography.

This award is named for a former curator of the Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium. A cash price of $500 is presented each year by the Garden, recognizing the paper judged best in vascular plant or bryophyte systematics based on a doctoral dissertation published during the previous year. Nominations are now being accepted for the 22nd annual award, based on papers published during 1989. Reprints of such papers should be sent to: Greenman Award Committee, Research Division, Missouri Botanical Gar- den, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, U.S.A. In order to be considered for the 1990 award, reprints must be received by June 1, 1990.

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BOOK REVIEW

Crang, Richard and Karen Klomparens, eds. Artifacts in Biological Electron Microscopy. Plenum Press, NY, 1988. 233 pp.

At each step of specimen preparation for electron microscopy (EN), artifacts can be introduced. Recognizing these artifacts and knowing how to reduce or eliminate them are very important skills for every electron microscopist. This book provides a systematic treatment of the many types of EM artifacts, and I recommend it to new and more experienced workers who use the electron microscope.

This book is edited by Crang and Klomparens and contains eleven chapters written by specialists. Most of the topics relate to transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of ultrathin sections, although there are separate chapters on artifacts in scanning electron microscope (SEM) operation and SEM specimen preparation (and references to some SEM artifacts in other sections). There are chapters on artifacts encountered in the following steps of TEM: sampling, fixation, dehydration and embedding, ultrathin sectioning, staining, TEM operation, and photography. The final two chapters of the book are about artifacts in cryoelectron micros-copy and in analytical EM.

The book is very well-illustrated and will be useful as a practical guide. Each chapter contains numerous excellent photo-graphs of the artifacts that are considered. Some artifacts are more subtle (e.g., "pepper"-type lead precipitate near certain membranes), and even these are well documented.

I particularly enjoyed the chapter about artifacts in sampling specimens for EM and the chapter about photographic and interpretive artifacts. Both of these chapters discuss phenomena that many would not immediately think of as artifacts. Sampling artifacts refer to erroneous conclusions drawn from an inadequate sample size. An example of an extreme case is someone who makes generalizations about a particular structure based on repeated sectioning of one or two specimen blocks. The chapter on sampling artifacts makes the reader aware of sampling parameters and related factors that should be carefully considered. This chap-ter gives several examples of how large a sample size should be for particular specimens.

In order to be a good electron microscopist, one should be a good photographer as well. The chapter on photographic artifacts provides insights into the important (and often neglected) last steps of EM, i.e., producing high-quality photographs of the results. This chapter is particularly well-illustrated. For example, the author compares a TEM micrograph printed with diffuse illumination from an enlarger to a micro-graph printed with point-source illumination to illustrate the superior qualities of a point source. Another interesting discussion in this chapter concerns the methods to overcome the "noise" that is characteristically associated with electron exposure. Other topics include latent image instability, problems in print making, compensating for artifacts in negatives and prints, and interpretation of shadows in freeze-fracture micrographs.

My major criticism of this book is the limited discussion of some current topics in EM. Although embedding in epoxy resins is thoroughly treated, there is little discussion of embedding media such as Lowicryl or LR White resins which are being used increasingly in many labs. Other examples of topics not adequately considered are immunoelectron microscopy and freeze-substitution. Further discussion of these and some other topics may have increased the length of the book, but it would have made it more timely as well.

Since plant specimens are particularly difficult to process for EM, they may have specific artifacts associated with them. While there is brief mention of a few of these problems, more discussion would have been desirable for the botanical reader. Despite these limitations, I recommend this well-illustrated, compact book. New workers and students will learn from the excellent photographs which give examples of EM artifacts, and more experienced workers will find it a useful reference text.

John Z. Kiss
Department of Botany
The Ohio State University

BOOKS RECEIVED

Abrahamson, D.C. The Challenge of Global Warming. Island Press, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20009, 1989. xviii + 359 p. ISBN 0-933280-86-6. Price: $19.95.

Abrahamson, W.G. Plant-Animal Interactions. McGraw-Hill Book Co. xv + 480 p. ISBN 0-07-000179-0. Price: none given.

Alberts, B., et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell 2nd Ed. Garland Publ., Inc., 136 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. xxxv + 1218 p. ISBN 0-8240-3695-6. Price: none given.

Barnes, R.S.K. and Hughes, R.N. An Introduction to Marine Biology, 2nd Ed. Blackwell Scientific Publ., Inc., c/o PBS, P.O. Box 447, Brookline Village, MA 02147, 1988. x + 351 p. ISBN 0-632-02047-4. Price: $32.50.

Behnke, H.-D., Esser, K., Kubitzki, K., Runge, M., Ziegler, H. Progress in Botany - Vol. 50. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 17 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1989. xix + 386 p. ISBN 0-387-50289-0. Price: $153.60.

Bettolo, G.B.M. Towards a Second Green Revolution. Elsevier Sci. Publ., P.O. Box 1663, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163, 1938. xii + 530 p. ISBN 0-444-98927-7. Price: $171.00.

Biswell, H.H. Prescribed Burning in California Wildlands Vegetation Management. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, CA 94720, 1989. xii + 255 p. ISBN 0-520-06482-8. Price: $27.50.

Bock, G. and Marsh, J. Applications of Plant Cell and Tissue Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 3rd Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1988. ix + 269 p. ISBN 0-471-91886-5. Price: $54.95.

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Bonner, J.T. The Evolution of Complexity by Means of Natural Selection. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NY 08540, 1988. xii + 260 p. ISBN 0-691-08494-7. Price: $40.00.

Booher, D. and Hill, T.H. Writing for Technical Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 3rd Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. xx + 262 p. ISBN 0-471-60251-5. Price: $34.95.

Bowler, P.J. The Non-Darwinian Revolution: Reinterpreting a Historical Myth. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 701 W. 40th St., Suite 275, Baltimore, MA 21211, 1988. x + 238 p. ISBN 0-8018-3678-6. Price: $27.50.

Brooks, D.R. and Wiley, E.L. Evolution as Entropy: Toward a Unified Theory of Biology. Univ. Chicago Press, 11030 Langley Ave., Chicago, IL 60628, 1988. xiv + 415 p. ISBN 0-226-07574-5. Price: $19.95.

Brown, A.H.D., Marshall, D.R., Frankel, O.H. and Williams, J.T. The Use of Plant Genetic Resources. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. x + 382 p. ISBN 0-521-34584-7. Price: $49.50.

Buetow, D.C. The Biology of Euglena, Vol. 4: Subcellular Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. xv + 528 p. ISBN 0-12-139904-4. Price: $150.00.

Campbell, D.G. and Hammond, H.D. Floristic Inventory of Tropical Countries. New York Bot. Garden, Bronx, NY 10458, 1989. x + 545 p. ISBN 0-89327-333-3. Price: $89.55.

Carlquist, S. Comparative Wood Anatomy: Systematic, Ecological and Evolutionary Aspects of Dicotyledon Wood. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096-2491, 1988. x + 436 p. ISBN 0-387-18827-4. Price: $198.00.

Caswell, H. Matrix Population Models. Sinauer Assoc., Inc., Sunderland, MA 01375-0407, 1989. xiv + 328 p. ISBN 0-87893-093-0 (paper). Price: $28.95.

Causton, D.R. Introduction to Vegetation Analysis. Unwin Hyman, Inc. (Allen & Unwin, Inc., 8 Winchester P1., Winchester, MA 01890), 1988. xvii + 342 p. ISBN 0-04- 581024-9. Price: $50.00.

Chopra, R.N. and Kumra, P.K. Biology of Bryophytes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 3rd Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1989. xi + 350 p. ISBN 0-470-21330-2. Price: $39.95.

Clijster, J., De Proft, M., Marcelle, R. and Van Poucke, M. Biochemical and Physiological Aspects of Ethylene Production in Lower and Higher Plants. Kluwer Academic Publ., 101 Phillip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1989. xi + 354 p. ISBN 0-7923-0201-X. Price: $86.50.

Coleman, A.W., Goff, L.J. and Stein-Taylor, J.R. Algae as Experimental Systems. Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003, 1989. xiv + 333 p. ISBN 0-8451-1806-4. Price: $70.00.

Cotter, D.J. Answers to End-of-Chapter Questions for Starr and Taggart's Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life. Wadsworth Publ. Co., Belmont, CA 94002, 1989. 115 p. ISBN 0-534-09184-9. Price: none given.

Crane, J.W. Contemporary Readings for General Biology, 2nd Ed. Wadsworth Publ. Co., Belmont, CA 94002, 1989. vii + 152 p. ISBN 0-534-09188-1. Price: none given.

Crang, R.F.E. and Kloparens, K.L. Artifacts in Biological Electron Microscopy. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013, 1988. xix + 233 p. ISBN 0-306-42863-6. Price: none given.

Cresti, M. and Dallai, R. Biology of Reproduction and Cell Motility in Plants and Animals. Univ. of Siena Press, Siena, Italy, 1986. 268 p. ISBN: not given. Price: none given.

Crawley, M. Catalogue of the Type and Figured Specimens of Macrofossil Algae in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum of Nat. Hist., Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD, Great Britain, 1988. iv + 52 p. ISBN 0-565-01042-5. Price: none given.

Curtis, H. and Barnes, N.S. Biology, 5th Ed. Worth Publ., Inc., 33 Irving P1., New York, NY 10003, 1989. xxvii + 1180 p. ISBN 0-87901-394-X. Price: none given.

Davidian, H.H. The Rhododendron Species, Vol. II--Elepidotes, Part 1--Arboreum-Lacteum. Timber Press, Inc., 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, OR 97225, 1989, 390 p. ISBN 0-88192-109-2. Price: $54.95.

Davis, T.D., Haissig, B.E. and Sankhla, N. Adventitious Root Formation in Cuttings. Timber Press, Inc., 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, OR 97225, 1989. 315 p. ISBN 0-931146-10-0. Price: $39.95.

Depew, D.J. and Weber, B.H. Evolution at a Crossroads: The New Biology and the New Philosophy of Sciences. The MIT Press, 55 Hayward St., Cambridge, MA 02142, 1989. xiv + 276 p. ISBN 0-262-04079-4. Price: $10.95.

Ducker, S.C. The Contented Botanist: Letters of W.H. Harvey About Australia and the Pacific. ISBS, Inc., 5602 N.E. Hassalo St., Portland, OR 97213-3640, 1988. xiv + 413 p. ISBN 0-522-84341-7. Price: $65.95.

Dunbar, L. Ferns of the Coastal Plain: Their Lore, Legends and Uses. Univ. S. Carolina Press, Columbia, SC 29208, 1989. xiv + 165 p. ISBN 0-87249-594-9. Price: $21.95.

Ebes, H. A Florilegium: Cook-Banks-Parkinson 1768-1771. British Museum (Nat. Mist.), Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD, England, 1988. 200 p. ISBN 0-949367-33-8. Price: none given.

Edelstein-Keshet, L. Mathematical Models in Biology. Random House, New York, 1988. xvii + 586 p. ISBN 0-394-35507-5. Price: none given.

Eddy, A. A Handbook of Malesian Mosses. Volume 1. British Museum of Nat. Hist., Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD, 1988. iii + 204 p. ISBN 0-56701038-7. Price: £15.00.

Edwards, C.A., Stinner, B.R., Stinner, D. and Rabatin, S. Biological Interactions in Soil. Elsevier Science Publ., P.O. Box 882, Madison Square Station, New York, NY 10159, 1988. vi + 380 p. ISBN 0-444-87154-3. Price: $144.75.

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Feder, M.E. et al. New Directions in Ecological Physiology. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1987. x + 364 p. ISBN 0-521-34938-9. Price: none given.

Fenchel, T. Excellence in Ecology - Volume 1: Ecology--Potentials and Limitations. Ecology Institute, D-2124 Oldendorf/Luhe, Federal Republic of Germany, 1987. xvii + 186 p. ISSN 0932-2205. Price: none given.

Frölich, D. and Barthlott, W. Mikromorphologie der epicuticularen Wachse und das System der Monokotylen. Tropische und Subtropische Pflanzenwelt 63, Akad. Wissen. Liter., Mainz (Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden, Postfach 10 15 26, D-7000 Stuttgart10, Federal Republic of Germany). Price: none given.

Gage, A.T. and Stearn, W.T. The Bicentenary History of the Linnean Society of London. Publ. for the Linnean Soc. by Academic Press, 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1988. ix + 242 p. ISBN 0-12-273150-6. Price: $25.00.

Gifford, E.M. and Foster, A.S. Morphology and Evolution of Vascular Plants, 3rd Ed. W.H. Freeman and Co., 41 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1989. 626 p. ISBN 0-7167-1946-0). Price: $53.95.

Godfrey, R.K. Trees. Shrubs, and Woody Vines of Northern Florida and Adjacent Georgia. and Alabama. Univ. of Georgia Press, Athens, GA 30602, 1989. ix + 734 p. ISBN 0-8203-1035-2. Price: $50.00.

Gorneflot, R. Biologie Végétale: Plantes Supérieures. 2. Appareil Reproducteur, 2nd Ed. Masson, 120 Blvd. Saint-Germain, 75280 Paris, Cedex 06, 1989. xi + 248 p. ISBN 2-225-81518-6. Price: FF114.00.

Gottlieb, L. and Jain, S.K., eds. Plant Evolutionary Biology. Chapman & Hall, 29 W. 35th St., New York, NY 10001, 1988. xv +
414 p. ISBN 0-412-29300-5. Price: $37.50.

Govindjee et al. Molecular Biology of Photosynthesis. Kluwer Academic Publ., 101 Phillip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1989. xxviii + 815 p. ISBN 0-7923-0097-1. Price: $235.00.

Gradwohl, J. and Greenberg, R. Saving the Tropical Forests. Island Press, 1718 Connecticut Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20009, 1988. ix + 214 p. ISBN 0-933280-81-5. Price: $24.95.

Greene, S.W. and Harrington, A.J. The Conspectus of Bryological Taxonomic Literature, Part 2 (Bryophytorum Bibliotheca Band 37). J. Cramer in Gebrüder Borntraeger, D-1000 Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany, 1989. 321 p. ISBN 3-443-62009-4. Price: none given.

Grierson, D. and Covey, S.N. Plant Molecular Biology, 2nd Ed. Chapman & Hall, 29 W. 35th St., New York, NY 10001-2291, 1988. ix + 233 p. ISBN 0-412-01691-5. Price: $29.95.

Gross, E. Bromelienstudien. Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden GmbH, Postfach 10 15 26, D-7000 Stuttgart 10, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988. pp.415-625. ISSN 0-0302-9417. Price: none given.

Hale, M.E. Jr. and Cole, M. Lichens of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, CA 94720, 1988. vii + 254 p. ISBN 0-520-05712-9. Price: $14.95.

Harborne, J.B. Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry, 3rd Ed. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1988 xv + 356 p. ISBN 0-12-324684-9. Price: $13.50.

Harris, E. The Chlamydomonas Sourcebook: A Comprehensive Guide to Biology and Laboratory Use. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. xiv + 780 p. ISBN 0-12-326880-X. Price: $145.00.

Hawkes, J.G. and Hjerting, J.P. The Potatoes of Bolivia: Their Breeding Value and Evolutionary Relationships. Oxford Univ.
Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. xiii + 472 p. ISBN 0-19-854220-8. Price: $85.00.

Hawksworth, D.L. Prospects in Systematics (Systematics Assoc. Spec. Vol. No. 36), Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1988. xx + 457 p. ISBN 0-19-857707-9. Price: $92.00.

Helentjaris, T. and Burr, B. Development and Application of Molecular Markers to Problems in Plant Genetics. Cold Spring Harbor Lab., Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, 1989. xi + 165 p. ISBN 0-87868-327-4. Price: $24.00.

Hess, W.M., Singh, R.S., Singh, U.S. and Weber, D.J. Experimental and Conceptual Plant Pathology. Gordon & Breach Publ., P.O.
Box 786, Cooper Station, New York, NY 10276, 1988. Vol. 1- p. 1-136, ISBN 2-88124-198-0. Price: $50.00; Vol. 2- p. 137-456, ISBN 2-88124-199-9, Price: $88.00; Vol. 3- p. 457-599, ISBN 2-88124-202-2. Price: $50.00.

Hoban, T.M. and Brooks, R.O. Green Justice: The Environment and the Courts. Westview Press/Promotion Department, 5500 Central Ave., Boulder, CO 80301, 1987. ISBN 0-8133-0262-5. xi + 250 p. Price: $17.95.

Holliday, P. A Dictionary of Plant Pathology. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. xvi + 369 p. ISBN 0-521-33117-X. Price: $55.00.

Huenneke, L.F. and Mooney, H.A., eds. Grassland Structure and Function. California Annual Grassland. (Tasks for Vegetation
Sciences 20), Kluwer Acad. Publ., 101 Phil-lip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1989. ix + 221 p. ISBN 90-6193-659-4. Price: $105.00.

Humphries, C.J. and Parenti, L.R. Cladistic Biogeography. Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1988. xii + 98 p. ISBN 0-19-854576-2. Price: $47.50. Hunt, T. Plant Names of Medieval England. D.S. Brewer, Inc., Wolfeboro, NH 03894-2069, 1989. lvi + 334 p. ISBN 0-85991-273-6. Price: none given.

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Huntley, G. and Webb, T. III. Vegetation History - Handbook of Vegetation Science, Volume 7. Kluwer Acad. Publ., 101 Philip Dr., Norwell, MA 02061, 1988. xx + 803 p. ISBN 90-6193-188-6. Price: $220.00.

Ilic, J. The CSIRO Family Key for Hardwood Identification. E.J. Brill, P.O.B. 9000, 2300 PA Leiden, The Netherlands, 1987. v + 171 p. ISBN 90-04-08629-3. Price: $34.00.

Iwanami, Y., Sasakuma, T. and Yamada, Y. Pollen: Illustrations and Scanning Electron Micrographs. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096-2491, 1988. viii + 198 p. ISBN 0-387-18833-9. Price: $72.50.

Jalas, J. and Suominen, J. Atlas Florae Europaeae: Distribution of Vascular Plants in Europe. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. Vol. 1-vi + 164 p., ISBN 0-521-34270-8, Price: $59.50. Vol. 2-vi + 303 p. ISBN 0-521-34271-6, Price: $69.50. Vol. 3-vi + 405 p., ISBN 0-521-34272, Price: $89.50.

Janick, J. Plant Breeding Review, Vol. 6. Timber Press, Inc., 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, OR 97225, 1989. viii + 406 p.
ISBN 0-88192-116-5. Price: $64.95.

John, F.L. and Milby, T.H. Oklahoma Botanical Literature. Univ. of Okla. Press, 1005 Asp Ave., Norman, OK 73069, 1989. 150 p. ISBN 0-8061-2198-X. Price: $22.50.

Jordan, W.R. III, Gilpin, M.E. and Aber, J.D. Restoration Ecology: A Synthetic Approach to Ecological Research. Cambridge Univ. Press, 110 Midland Ave., Port Chester, NY 10573, 1987. viii + 342 p. ISBN 0-521-33110-2. Price: none given.

Juma, C. The Gene Hunters. Princeton Univ. Press, 41 William St., Princeton, NJ 08540, 1989. xiv + 288 p. ISBN 0-691-00378-5. Price: $14.95.

Juniper, B.E., Robins, R.J. and Joel, D.M. The Carnivorous Plants. Academic Press, 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. xii + 353 p. ISBN 0-392170-8. Price: $75.00.

Jury, S.L., Reynolds, T., Cutler, D.F. and Evans, F.J. The Euphorbiales: Chemistry, Taxonomy and Economic Botany. Publ. for the Linnean Soc. London by Academic Press, 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1987. 326 p. ISBN 0-12-392480-4. Price: $16.50.

Kimmel, A.R. Molecular Biology of Dictyostelium Development. Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003, 1989. 500 p. ISBN 0-85451-4272-0. Price: $80.00.

Knott, D.R. The Wheat Rusts - Breeding for Resistance. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus NJ 07096-2491, 1989. xiii + 201 pp. ISBN 3-387-50459-1. Price: $89.50.

Kull, R.C. Jr. Laboratory Manual to Accompany The Nature of Life. Random House College Div., 55 Francisco St., Suite 700, San Francisco, CA 94133, 1989. vii + 455 p. ISBN 0-394-37826-1. Price: none given.

Kung, S.-D. and Arntzen, C.J., eds. plant Biotechnology. Butterworths, 80 Montvale Ave., Staneham, MA 02180, 1989. xxi + 423 p. ISBN 0-409-90068-0. Price: $59.95.

Lacey, A.J. Light Microscopy in Biology: A Practical Approach. Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. xviii + 329 p. ISBN 0-19-963037-2. Price: $38.00.

Leins, P., Tucker, S.C. and Endress, P.K. Aspects of Floral Development. J. Cramer, Gebrüder Borntraeger, Johannesstrasse 3A, D-7000, Stuttgart 1, Federal Republic of Germany, 1988. vi + 239 p. ISBN 3-443-50011-0. Price: none given.

Lembi, C.A. and Waaland, J.R. Algae andmHuman Affairs. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. viii + 590 p. ISBN 0-521-32115-8. Price: $67.50.

Littler, D.S., Littler, M.M., Bucher, K.E. and Norris, J.N. Marine Plants of the Caribbean: A Field Guide from Florida to Brazil. Smithsonian Inst. Press, 470 L'Enfant Plaza, Suite 7100, Washington, DC 20560, 1989. vii + 263 p. ISBN 0-87474-607-8. Price: $14.95.

Lorente, M.A. Dissertationes Botanicae: Palynology and Palynofacies of the Upper Tertiary in Venezuela. Lubrecht & Cramer, Ltd., RD 1, Box 244, Forestburgh, NY 12777, 1986. 222 p. ISBN 3-443-64011-7. Price: none given.

Loughman, B.D., Gasparikova, O. and Kolek, J. Structural and Functional Aspects of Transport in Roots. Kluwer Acad. Publ., 101 Phillip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1989. xiii + 276 p. ISBN 0-7923-0060-2. Price: $85.00.

Markus, M., Muller, S.C., and Nicolis, G. From Chemical to Biological Organization. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096-2491, 1988. ix + 358 p. ISBN 0-387-19264-6. Price: $62.20.

Marx, J.L. A Revolution in Biotechnology. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. x + 227 p. ISBN 0-521-32749-0. Price: $44.50.

Mary, E. Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA, 1988. viii + 563 p. ISBN 0-674-89665-3. Price: $35.00.

McDonald, M.B. and Copeland, L.O. Seed Science and Technology Manual. Iowa St. Univ. Press, 2121 S. State Ave., Ames, IA 50010, 1989. vii + 231 p. ISBN 0-8138-0190-7. Price: $21.95.

McKeen, W.E. Blue Mold of Tobacco. APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, 1989. vii + 288 p. ISBN 0-89054-097-7. Price: $58.00.

McKell, C.M. The Biology and Utilization of Shrubs. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. xx + 656 p. ISBN 0-12-484810-9. Price: $125.00.

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McKinney, M.L. Heterochrony in Evolution: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Vol. 7, Topics in Geobiology. Plenum Press, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013, 1988. xi + 348 p. ISBN 0-306-42947-0. Price: $79.50.

Mettler, L.E., Gregg, T.G., and Schaffer, H.E. Population Genetics and Evolution, 2nd Ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, 1988. x + 325 p. ISBN 0-13-685678-0. Price: none given.

Miflin, B.J. Oxford Surveys of Plant Molecular and Cell Biology, Volume 5 - 1988. Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. 206 p. ISBN 0-19-854238-0. Price: $45.00.

Miller, N.G. Bryophyte Ultrastructure, Volume 3, Advances in Bryology (a publ. of the Intl. Assoc. of Bryologists). J. Cramer (Gebrüder Borntraeger, D-1000 Berlin, Feder-al Republic of Germany), 1988. ISBN 3-443-52001-4. Price: none given.

Morrison, T. Margaret Mee in Search of Flowers of the Amazon Forests. Nonesuch Expeditions Ltd., 48 Station Rd., Woodbridge, Suffolk, England, 1988. 303 p. ISBN 1-869901-08-8. Price: $39.50.

Nabham, G.P. Enduring Seeds: Native American Agriculture and Wild Plant Conservation. North Point Press, 850 Talbot Ave., Berkeley, CA 94706, 1989. xxiii + 225 p. ISBN 0-86547-343-9. Price: $18.95.

Namkoong, G., Kang, H.C., and Brouard, J.S. Tree Breeding: Principles and Strategies (Monographs on Theoretical & Applied Genetics 11). Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096-2491, 1988. viii + 180 p. ISBN 0-387-96747-8. Price: $65.00.

Oldfield, M.L. The Value of Conserving Genetic Resources. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA 01375-0407, 1989. xvii + 379 p. ISBN 0-87893-649-1. Price: $19.95.

Osterbrock, D.E. and Raven, P.H. Origins and Extinctions. Yale Univ. Press, 92A Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520, 1988. xii + 121 p. ISBN 0-300-04260-4. Price: $17.95.

Otte, D. and Endler, J.A. Speciation and Its Consequences. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA 01375-0407, 1989. xiii +
679 p. ISBN 0-87893-658-0. Price: $29.95.

Palacios, R. and Verma, D.P.S. Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions. APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, 1988. xiv + 401 p. ISBN 0-89054-096-9. Price: $32.00.

Pearman, G.I. Greenhouse: Planning for Climate Change. CSIRO Australia (dist. by E.J. Brill, P.O.B. 9000, NL-2300 PA Leiden, The Netherlands), 1988. xv + 752 p. ISBN 0-643-04863-4 (CSIRO); ISBN 90-04-08976-4 (Brill). Price: $122.50.

Pearsall, D.M. Paleoethnobotany: A Handbook of Procedures. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. xii + 470 p. ISBN 0-12-548040-7. Price: $59.95.

Pomeroy, L.R., and Alberts, J.J., eds. Concepts of Ecosystem Ecology: A Comparative View. (Ecol. Studies Vol. 67) Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1988. xii + 384 p. ISBN 0-387-96686-2. Price: $72.00.

Pomeroy, L.R., and Wiegert, R.G., eds. The Ecology of a Salt Marsh (Ecol. Studies Vol. 38). Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1981. xiv + 271 p. ISBN 0-387-90555-3. Price: $53.00.

Postlethwait, J. and Hopson, J.L. The Nature of Life. Random House College Div., 55 Francisco St., Suite 700, San Francisco, CA 94133, 1989. xxxi + 820 p. ISBN 0-394- 36446-5. Price: none given.

Puite, K.J., Dons, J.J.M., Huizing, H.J., Kool, A.J., Koornneef, M. and Krens, F.A. Progress in Plant Plant Research. Kluwer Academic Publ., 101 Philip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1988. xvii + 414 p. ISBN 90-247-3688-9. Price:
$92.50.

Rainger, R., Benson, K.R. and Maienschein, J. The American Development of Biology. Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 3933 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, 1988. xii + 380 p. ISBN 0-8122-8092-X. Price: none given.

Rambler, M.S., Margulis, L. and R. Fester, Global Ecology: Towards a Science of the Biosphere. Academic Press, Inc. 465 S Lincoln Dr., Troy, MO 63379, 1989. xii + 204 p. ISBN 0-12-576890-7. Price: $24.95.

Rao, C.K. and Pankhurst, R.J. A Polyclave to the Monocotyledonous Families of the World. British Museum (Nat. Hist.), Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD, Grt. Britain, 1986. 59 p. ISBN 0-565-00999-0. Price: none given.

Rao, N.S.S. Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Recent Developments. Gordon and Breach Science Publ., P.O. Box 786, Cooper Station, New York, NY 10276, 1988. xi + 337 p. ISBN 2-88124-189-1. Price: none given.

Raven, P.H. and Johnson, G.B. Biology. 2nd Ed. C.V. Mosby Co., 11830 Westline Industr. Dr., St. Louis, MO 63146, 1989. xxxii + 1142 p. + appendix. ISBN 0-8016-4041-5. Price: none given.

Raven, P.H. and Johnson, G.B. Understanding Biology. C.V. Mosby Co., 11839 Westline Industr. Dr., St. Louis, MO 63416, 1989. xxxii + 799 p. + appendix. ISBN 0-8016-2518-1. Price: none given.

Renault-Miskovsky, J. and Petzold, M. Spores et Pollen. La Duraulié, 13480 Cabriés, France (no date given). 360 p. ISBN 2-906057-10-X. Price: FF450.

Rendig, V.V. and Taylor, H.M. Principles of Soil-plant Interrelationships. McGraw-Hill Publ. Co., 1221 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10020, 1989. xv + 275 p. ISBN 0-07-051879-3. Price: $39.95.

ReVelle, P. and ReVelle, C. The Environment: Issues and Choices for Society, 3rd Ed.. Jones & Bartlett Publ., 20 Park Plaza, Boston, MA 02116, 1988. xvi + 747 p. ISBN 0-86720-072-3. Price: none given.

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Russell, G., Marshall, B., and Jarvis, P.G. Plant Canopies: Their Growth, Form and Function (Soc. for Experimental Biol. Seminar Ser. 31). Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. ix + 178 p. ISBN 0-521-32838-1. Price: $47.50.

Samson, R.A., Evans, H.C. and Latge, J.-P. Atlas of Entomopathogenic Fungi. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1988. xi + 187 p. ISBN 0-387-18831-2. Price: $89.50.

Sandgreen, C.D. Growth and Reproductive Strategies of Freshwater Phytoplankton. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1989. v + 442 p. ISBN 0-521-32722-9. Price: $52.50.

Sargent, C.S. Plantae Wilsonianae, Volumes 1. 2 & 3. Timber Press, 9999 SW Wilshire, Portland, OR, 1988. 1: x + 611 p., 2: vi + 661 p., 3: X + 666 p. ISBN 0-931146-01-1. Price: $110.00 for all 3 volumes.

Scannerini, S., Smith, D., Bonfante-Fasolo, P., and Gianinazzi-Pearson, V. Cell-to-Cell Signals in Plant, Animal and Microbial Symbiosis. NATO ASI Series, Series H: Cell Biology, Volume 17. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096-2491, 1988. xx + 414 p. ISBN 0-387-18555-0. Price: $144.50.

Scholz, F., Gregorius, H.R. and Rudin, D. Genetic Effects of Air Pollutants in Forest Tree Populations. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096- 2491, 1988. 201 p. ISBN 0-387-50858-9. Price: $45.00.

Schuler, M.A. and Zielinski, R.E. Methods in Plant Molecular Biology. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. xv + 171 p. ISBN 0-12-632340-2. Price: $29.95.

Schulte-Hostede, S., Darrall, N.M., Blank, L.W. and Wellburn, A.R. Air Pollution and Plant Metabolism. Elsevier Applied Science, 655 Ave. of the Americas, New York, NY 10010, 1988. xiv + 381 p. ISBN 1-85166-230-8. Price: $79.25.

Sellers, L. Sample Chapters From Instructor's Resource Manual and Test Items Booklet for Starr and Taggart's Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life, 5th Ed. Wadsworth Publ. Co., Belmont, CA 94002, 1989. 30 p. ISBN 0-534-09194-6. Price: none given.

Sewell, P.A. and Clarke, B. Chromatographic Separations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 3rd Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1987. xx + 335 p. ISBN 0-471-91371-5. Price: none given.

Singhal, G.S., Barber, J., Dilley, R.A., Govindjee, Haselkorn, R., Mohanty, P. Photosynthesis: Molecular Biology and Bioenergetics. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07096-2491, 1989. xiii + 441 p. ISBN 0-387-50451-6. Price: $88.10.

Skaar, C. Wood-Water Relations. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1988. ix + 283 p. ISBN 0-387-19258-1. Price: $120.00.

Skinner, F.A., Boddey, R.M. and Fendrick, I. Nitrogen Fixation with Non-Legumes. Kluwer Acad. Publ., 101 Phillip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1989. ix + 338 p. ISBN 0-7923-0059-9. Price: $115.00.

Smiley, R.W. Compendium of Turfgrass Diseases. The American Phytopathological Soc., 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121, 1987. viii + 102 p. ISBN 0-89054-049-7. Price: none given.

Snow, B. and Snow, D. Birds and Berries: A Study of an Ecological Interaction. Buteo Books, P.O. Box 481, Vermillion, SD 57069, 1988. 268 p. ISBN 085661-049-6. Price: $37.50.

Specht, R.L. Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems. Kluwer Academic Publ. Group, 101 Philip Dr., Norwell, MA 02061, 1988. vii + 248 p. ISBN 90-6193-652-7. Price: $125.00.

Spencer, J.F.T., Spencer, D.M. and Bruce, I.J. Yeast Genetics. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1989. vii + 104 p. ISBN 0-387-18805-3. Price: $29.95.

Spencer, K.C. Chemical Mediation of Co-evolution. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1988. xv + 609 p. ISBN 0-12-656855. Price: $95.00.

Stainton, A. Flowers of the Himalaya: A Supplement. Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. xi + 86 p. ISBN 0-19-217756-7.

Staskawicz, B., Ahlquist, P. and Yoder, O. Molecular Biology of Plant-Pathogen Interactions. Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003, 1989. xviii + 307 p. ISBN 0-8451-4700-5. Price: $70.00.

Stern, K.R. Introductory Plant Biology, 4th Ed.. Wm. C. Brown Publ., 2460 Kerper Blvd., P.O. Box 539, Dubuque, IA 52004-0539, 1988. xvii + 498 p. + appendix, index. ISBN 0-697-05128-5. Price: none given.

Stonehouse, B. Polar Ecology. Chapman & Hall, 29 W. 35th St., New York, NY 10001, 1989. viii + 222 p. ISBN 0-412-01711-3. Price: $35.00.

Stumpf, P.K. and Conn, E.E. The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1988. xv + 529 p. ISBN 0-12-675414-4. Price: $95.00.

Swamk, W.T. and Crossley, D.A., Jr. Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1988. xvii + 469 p. ISBN 0-387-96547-5. Price: $98.00.

Sweeney, B.M. Rhythmic Phenomena in Plants. 2nd _Ed. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1987. xi + 172 p. ISBN 0-12-679052-3. Price: $32.95.

Swinscow, T.D.V. and Krog, H. Macrolichens of East Africa. British Museum (Nat. Hist.), Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD, Grt. Brit., 1988. viii + 390 p. ISBN 0-565-01039-5. Price: none given.

11

Symoens, J.J. Vegetation of Inland Waters. Kluwer Academic Publ. Group, 101 Philip Dr., Assinippi Park, Norwell, MA 02061, 1988. xiv + 385 p. ISBN 90-6193-196-7. Price: $140.00.

Taylor, A. and Hopper, S. The Banksia Atlas. Australian Govt. Publ., order from: Intl. Specialized Book Services, Inc., 5602 N.E. Hassalo St., Portland, OR 97213, 1988. xiv + 258 p. ISBN 0-644-07124-9. Price: $39.95.

Taylor, J.B. Study Guide for Starr and Taggart's Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life. 5th Ed. Wadsworth Publ. Co., Belmont, CA 94002, 1989. vii + 472 p. ISBN 0-534-09181-4. Price: none given.

Tazawa, M. Cell Dynamics. 1. Cytoplasmic Streaming. Cell Movement-Contraction and Migration. Cell and Organelle Division. Phototaxis of Cell and Cell Organelle. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1989. viii + 193 p. ISBN 0-387-82094-9. Price: $99.00.

Tazawa, M. Cell Dynamics. 2. Molecular Aspects of Cell Motility. Cytoskeleton in Cellular Structure and Activity. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1989. 158 p. ISBN 0-387-82095-7. Price: $89.00.

Tootil, E. The Facts on File Dictionary of Biology. Rev. and Expanded Ed. Facts on File Publ., 460 Park Ave. South, New York, NY 10016, 1988. 326 p. ISBN 0-8160-1865-0. Price: none given.

Traverse, A. Paleopalynology. Unwin Hyman Inc., 8 Winchester P1., Winchester, MA 01890, 1988. xxiii + 600 p. ISBN 0-04-561002-9. Price: $34.95.

Turner, M.G. Landscape Heterogeneity and Disturbance. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1987. xi + 239 p. ISBN 0-387-96497-5. Price: $70.00.

Valentine, F.A. Forest and Crop Biotechnology: Progress and Prospects. Springer- Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1988. xix + 466 p. ISBN 0-387-96848-2. Price: $59.00.

van der Valk, A. Northern Prairie Wetlands. Iowa St. Univ. Press, 2121 S. State Ave., Ames, IA 50010, 1989. xiv + 400 p. ISBN 0-8138-003704. Price: $34.95.

van Holde, K.E. Chromatin. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1989. xii + 497 p. ISBN 0-387-96694-3. Price: $98.00.

Vanky, K. Illustrated Genera of Smut Fungi. VCH Publ., Inc., Suite 909, 220 E. 23rd St., New York, NY 10160-0425, 1987. viii + 159 p. ISBN 3-437-30557-3. Price: $40.00.

Van Toiler, S. and Dodd, G.H. Perfumery: The Psychology and Biology of Fragrance. Chapman and Hall, 29 W. 35th St., New York, NY 10001, 1988. xx + 268 p. ISBN 0-412- 30010-9. Price: $49.95.

Verna, D.P.S. and Goldberg, R.B. Plant Gene Research. Temporal and Spatial Regulation of Plant Genes. Springer-Verlag, 175 5th Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1988. xiii + 331 p. ISBN 0-387-82046-9. Price: $118.00.

Vig, B.K. and Sandberg, A.A. Aneuploidy, Part B: Induction and Test Systems. Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003, 1988. x + 342 p. ISBN 0-845-2409-9. Price: $160.00.

Vitt D.H., Marsh, J.E. and Bovey, R.B. Mosses, Lichens and Ferns of Northwest North America. Univ. of Washington Press, P.O. Box 50096, Seattle, WA 98145-5096, 1988. 296 p. ISBN 0-295-9666-1, Price: $17.50.

Wagner, H., Hikino, H. and Farnsworth, N.R. Economic and Medicinal Plant Research. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101, 1989. ix + 150 p. ISBN 0-730064-3. Price: $28.00.

Ricaud, C. et al. Diseases of Sugarcane: Major Diseases. Elsevier Science Publ., P.O. Box 882, Madison Square Station, New York, NY 10159, 1989. xii + 399 p. ISBN 0-444-42797-X. Price: $122.00.

Richard, W.H. et al. Shrub-Steppe: Balance and Change in a Semi-Arid Terrestrial Ecosystem. Elsevier Science Publ., P.O. box 882, Madison Square Station, New York, NY 10159, 1988. xi + 272 p. ISBN 0-444-42990-5. Price: $144.75.

Rogers, L.J. and Gallon, J.R. Biochemistry of the Algae and Cyanobacteria. Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1989. xiv + 374 p. ISBN 0-19-854239-9. Price: $90.00.

Roomans, G.M. and Forslind, B. Cell Structure and Cell Function. Scanning Microscopy Intl., P.O. Box 66507, AMF O'Hare (Chicago), IL 60666, 1988. vi + 138 p. ISBN 0-931288-38-X. Price: $23.00.

Rothwell, N.V. Understanding Genetics, 4th Ed. Oxford Univ. Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016, 1988. xvii + 703 p. ISBN 0-19-505108-4. Price: $39.95.

Runkel, S. and Roose, D. Wildflowers of the Tallgrass Prairie. Iowa St. Univ. Press, 2121 S. State Ave., Ames, IA 50010, 1988. xii + 279 p. ISBN 0-8138-1979-2. Price: $19.95.

Ruse, M. Philosophy of Biology Today. State Univ. of New York Press, State University Plaza, Albany, NY 12246, 1988. x + 155 p. ISBN 0-88706-910-X. Price: $29.50.

Walker, D.A. and Osmond, C.B. New Vistas in Measurement of Photosynthesis. The Royal Society, 6 Carlton Terrace, London, SW1Y SAG, Great Britain, 1989. viii + 222 p. ISBN 0-85403-377-7. Price: £48.25.

Walker, J.M. and Gingold, E.B. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, 2nd Ed. Royal Soc. Chem., distr. by CRC Press, 2000 Boulevard NW, Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1988. xx + 434 p. ISBN 0-85185-453-8. Price: $69.00.

Wampler, F. Wildflowers of Indiana. Indiana Univ. Press, 10th & Morton St., Bloomington, IN 47405, 1988. xix + 177 p. ISBN 0-253-36573-2. Price: $45.00.

12


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