PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.
March 1976 Volume 22 No. 1
of the Council and Business Meeting 2
for 1976 3
for 1976 6
to Beginning Graduate Students 7
Conferences, Courses 8
of the Sections 10
Time, Climate and Genotype. Y. Aitken. (H. H. Lieth) 11
of the Texas Coastal Bend. F. B. Jones. (M. C. Johnson) 11
Ecological Systems. F. B. Golley & E. Medina (eds.) (J.
Plants in the Laboratory. W. J. Koch. 12
Plant Tissue Culture Methods. O. L. Gamborg & L. R. Wetter (eds.) (M.
ACTIONS OF THE COUNCIL AND BUSINESS MEETING
Council of the Society met on August 17. 1975 and the business meeting was
held on August 19, 1975 at Oregon State University, Corvallis in conjunction
with the AIBS meeting. A synthesis of the various decisions of Council and
of the membership is given below:
following officers were elected: PRESIDENT (1976)-Barbara F. Palser; VICE-PRESIDENT
(1976)-William A. Jensen; PROGRAM DIRECTOR (1976-1978)-Shirley C. Tucker;
EDITORIAL BOARD, A.J.B. (1976-1978)-Donald R. Kaplan. The SECRETARY, Patricia
Holmgren, and the TREASURER, C. Ritchie Bell. continue in office through 1976.
"Guide to Graduate Study in Botany," revised by W. W. Payne of the Education
Committee, is available and over 400 copies have been sold. The Career Booklet
continues to have wide distribution with over 5,000 copies distributed since
the last annual meeting. The 1973-1975 Yearbook was distributed to all members
of the Society in the fall of 1974.
the Treasurer's report, it was noted that membership decreased from 4,423
in June 1974 to 3.222 in June. 1975 and that there was a net loss of $25,000
for the year ending in June 1975. Thanks to an increase in dues and a reimbursement
of the Society by the Journal for hack taxes, a net gain of $4,000 is projected
for 1975. the first surplus in several years. The hope is to build a reserve
of $65,000, i.e., a one year operating expenses. Full financial details were
provided the Council and the membership by Dr. Bell, the Treasurer.
Richard A. Popham, Business Manager of AJB, presented a detailed written report
on the financial status of the Journal. There was a net increase in 1974 of
$25,000 to be used to build up a one year reserve and to increase the number
of pages printed in an effort to reduce the back-log of manuscripts.
Ernest M. Gifford, Editor of the American Journal of Botany, reported that
the acceptance rate of manuscripts is about 80% and the average time interval
between receipt and publication is 11-12 months.
Augustus E. DeMaggio discussed the activities of the Program Chairman, noting
cost-saving moves introduced for publication of abstracts.
of Sections and Committees were inserted into the minutes of the Society and
various awards were announced.
award is made to persons judged to have made outstanding contributions to
botanical science. The first were made in 1956 at the 50th anniversary of
the Botanical Society and one or more has been presented each year since that
time. This year the Award Committee has selected three botanists who are eminently
qualified to join the ranks of merit awardees.
Harlan P. Banks of Cornell University for his distinguished
teaching of undergraduate and graduate students, numerous contributions to our
knowledge of early land vegetation and services as a former President of the
Botanical Society of America."
F. Herbert Bormann of Yale University "for his distinguished
studies of nutrient and water flow through the Hubbard Brook Watershed, for
his numerous important pronouncements on environmental hazards and for his responsible
actions on behalf of the biological community."
William Campbell Steere of the New York Botanical Garden "for
his fundamental contributions in the biology of the bryophytes and Arctic botany,
and a long-term successful development in the administration of the New York
award is made for meritorious work in the study of microscopical algae. The
two recipients are selected by a Committee of the Botanical Society which
bases its judgement primarily on papers published during the last two full
Sarah P. Gibbs of McGill University "for her significant contributions
to our understanding of the Chrysophycean alga Ochromonas danica, including
the fine structure of nuclear and cell division. She has concentrated on the
autonomy and replication of mitochondria and chloroplasts, providing prima facie
evidence that the DNA content of the chloroplast increases during development,
with this development being regulated by chloroplast DNA as well as that of
Larry R. Hoffman of the University of Illinois "for his account
of fertilization in the Chlorophycean alga Oedogonium, spanning plasmogamy,
polyspermy and karyogamy. He has provided perhaps the most complete description
of karyogamy in any alga to date. greatly adding to our information concerning
this significant event in plants in general."
JEANETTE SIRON PELTON AWARD
Jeanette Siron Pelton Award for sustained and imaginative productivity in
the field of experimental plant morphology was established in 1969 by the
Conservation and Research Foundation to honor the memory of the late Mrs.
John F. Pelton. The Award consists of $1,000 given from time to time to a
scientist nominated by the Botanical Society of America.
The fourth recipient of this Award is Dr. Peter Klock Hepler,
whose penetrating analytical and experimental studies of the ultrastructure
of differentiating cells have made a significant and lasting contribution to
our perception of morphogenesis at the cellular level. In particular his work
on the ultrastructure of differentiating xylem elements, on the roles of microtubules
and microfibrils, and on the control of the orientation of mitotic spindles
in differentiating cells have provided new insights which hold great promise
for the future.
NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN AWARD
New York Botanical Garden presents an award to the author of a recent publication
making an outstanding
to the fundamental aspects of botany. The recipient is selected by a committee
of the Botanical Society.
Sol Bartnicki-Garcia of the University of California, River-side
"for demonstrating that chitin cell wall microfibrils can be synthesized in
vitro without a template and also for other past studies of fungal morphogenesis."
HENRY ALLAN GLEASON AWARD
Henry Allan Gleason award of The New York Botanical Garden is made annually
for an outstanding recent publication in the field of plant taxonomy, plant
ecology, or plant geography.
This year the award is made to Dr. Daniel Janzen, an ecologist
in the true sense, who considers whole ecosytems, not just plants or just animals.
The paper is "Tropical agroecosystems," published in the issue of SCIENCE for
December 21, 1973.
JESSE M. GREENMAN AWARD
Jesse M. Greenman Award is presented each year by the Alumni Association of
the Missouri Botanical Garden. It recognizes the best paper in plant systematics
based on a doctoral dissertation published during the previous year.
The 8th annual award, in 1975, goes to Dr. James E. Rodman,
Yale University Herbarium, Osborn Memorial Laboratory, New Haven, Connecticut
for his paper "Systematics and Evolution of the Genus Cakile (Cruciferae)."
PALEOBOTANICAL SECTION AWARD
an award is made to the author of the most outstanding paper presented at
the annual meeting of the Paleobotanical Section of the Botanical Society
This year's award is to Charles Daghlian, University of Texas,
for his paper entitled "Leaf remains of Philodendron."
GEORGE R. COOLEY AWARD
George R. Cooley Award is given annually by the American Society of Plant
Taxonomists for the best paper presented at the annual meetings.
This year the Award is presented to William R. Anderson, University
of Michigan, for his paper entitled "The nature and significance of cleistogamy
in the Malpighiaceae."
Anitra Thorhaug presented the final report of the Charter Flight Committee
for Dr. Joseph Arditti. A "profit" of $2,120.06 was recorded. This money was
placed in the Dimond Award Fund for the next International Botanical Congress.
The Council unanimously voted to thank the Committee for their efforts as
did the membership at the Business meeting.
Harlan Banks, chairman of the Cookson Fund Committee, noted a gift of $3,000
from Isabel M. Cookson to establish a Paleobotanical Award for the best contributed
paper in paleobotany presented at the annual meeting of the Society.
Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China requested
that the Botanical Society join them in their efforts. President Peter Raven
appointed a committee, chaired by Dr. Arthur Galston, to develop a coordinated
response for the Botanical Society.
OFFICERS FOR 1976
Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
of Botany University of California Berkeley, California 94720
K. Holmgren (1975-1979) New York Botanical Garden
New York 10458
Ritchie Bell (1973-1976)
of North Carolina Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514
State University Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803
COMMITTEE: Charles B. Beck (1974-1976) Department of Botany
Arbor, Michigan 48104
Persons so marked are members of the Council.
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
Richard M. Klein, Editor
Department of Botany
University of Vermont
Burlington, VT. 05401
Robert W. Long, University of South Florida
Donald Kaplan, University of California (Berkeley)
Beryl Simpson, Smithsonian Institution
March 1976 Volume Tewnty-two Number
Changes of Address: Notify the Treasurer of the Botanical Society of America,
Inc., Dr. C. Ritchie Bell, Department of Botany, University of North Carolina,
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 26514.
Subscriptions for libraries and persons not members of the Botanical
Society of America are obtainable at the rate of $4.00 a year. Send orders with
checks payable to "Botanical Society of America, Inc." to the Treasurer.
Manuscripts intended for publication in PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN should
be addressed to Dr. Richard M. Klein, Department of Botany, University of Vermont,
Burlington, Vt. 05401. Announcements, notes, short scientific articles of general
interest to the members of the Botanical Society of America and the botanical
community at large will be considered for publication to the extent that the
limited space of the publication permits.
Material submitted for publication should be typewritten, doublespaced,
and sent in duplicate to the Editor. Copy should follow the style of recent
issues of the Bulletin.
Microfilms of Plant Science Bulletin are available from University
Micro-film, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106.
Plant Science Bulletin is published quarterly at the University of Vermont,
Burlington, Vt. 05401. Second class postage paid at Burlington, Vermont.
Ornduff (1975-1977) Department of Botany
of California Berkeley, California 94720
R. Kaplan (1976-1978) Department of Botany
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY: *Ernest M. Gifford, Jr.
of Botany University of California Davis. California 95616
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN:
M. Klein (1976-1980)
of Botany University of Vermont Burlington, Vermont 05401
JOURNAL OF BOTANY: *Richard A. Popham
OFFICERS AND COUNCIL MEMBERS
PRESIDENT, 1975: *Peter H. Raven
Botanical Garden 2315 Tower Grove Avenue St. Louis, Missouri 63110
PRESIDENT, 1974: *Theodore Delevoryas Department of Botany University of Texas
Austin, Texas 78712
PRESIDENT, 1973: *Arthur Cronquist
York Botanical Garden Bronx, New York 10458
(1976-1978) : *Howard T. Bonnett Department of Biology University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon 97403
(1976-1978): Peter B. Kaufman
Arbor, Michigan 48104
(1976-1978): Barbara D. Webster
of Agronomy & Range Sciences
of California Davis, California 95616
to AJB Editorial Board (1975-1976) : William F. Millington
of Biology Marquette University Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233
SECTION: Chairman (1972-1976): Jerry W. Stannard
of History University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 66044
(1972-1976) : Harriet B. Creighton
(1971-1976) : *Ronald L. Stuckey Department of Botany 1735 Neil Avenue
State University Columbus, Ohio 43210
to AJB Editorial Board (1973-1976) : Emanuel D. Rudolph
of Botany 1735 Neil Avenue
State University Columbus, Ohio 43210
W. Lichtwardt Department of Botany University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 66044
Agricultural Exp. Station New Haven, Connecticut 06504
York Botanical Garden Bronx, New York 10458
to the Council (1973-1976) : "Ian K. Ross
of Biological Sciences
Barbara, California 93106
to AJB Editorial Board (1973-1976) : Peter R. Day
Agricultural Exp. Station
Haven, Connecticut 06504
of Botany University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 61801
(1975-1977): *David L. Dilcher
of Plant Sciences Indiana University
to AJB Editorial Board (1976-1977) : Thomas N. Taylor
SECTION: Chairman (1974-1976): *J. Robert Waaland
of Botany University of Washington Seattle, Washington 98195
(1975-1977): Richard B. Searles
of Botany Duke University
North Carolina 27706
to AJB Editorial Board (1974-1976): Karl Mattox
of Botany Miami University
Ohio 45056 PHYSIOLOGICAL SECTION :
Chairperson (1973-1976) :
Jerry W. McClure
of Botany Miami University
Ohio 45056 Vice-Chairperson (1973-1976):
of Microbiology School of Medicine University of Miami 10 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, Florida 33149
to AJB Editorial Board (1973-1976) : Arthur W. Galston
Haven, Connecticut 06520
SECTION: Chairman (1976) :
of Botany University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 61801
(1976): David B. Dickinson Department of Botany University of Illinois Urbana,
(1975-1976): Daniel J. Crawford Department of Botany University of Wyoming
Laramie, Wyoming 82071
(1976-1977): Mark W. Bierner
of Botany University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 37916
to AJB Editorial Board (1975-1976) : Yaakov Shechter
of Biological Sciences
H. Lehman College Bronx, New York 10468 PTERIDOLOGICAL SECTION :
(1974-1976): Richard A. White
of Botany Duke University
North Carolina 27706 Secretary-Treasurer (1975-1977) : Gerald J. Gastony
of Plant Sciences Indiana University
to AJB Editorial Board (1974-1976) : Warren H. Wagner, Jr.
of Botany University of Michigan
Arbor, Michigan 48104
SECTION : Chairman (1975-1976) :
(1975-1976): Richard C. Keating
Illinois University Edwardsville, Illinois 62025
R. Kaplan Department of Botany University of California
to AJB Editorial Board (1975-1977): Natalie W. Uhl
Hortorium 467 Mann Library Cornell University Ithaca, New York 14850
SECTION: Chairman (1976-1978): *Marshall Johnston
of Botany University of Texas Austin, Texas 78712
(1976-1979) : Janice C. Coffey
of Botany Queens College
North Carolina 28207
to AJB Editorial Board (1976-1979) : William D'Arcy
Botanical Garden 2315 Tower Grove Avenue St. Louis, Missouri 63110
of Botany University of California Berkeley, California 94720
Woman's College Lynchburg, Virgina 24503
of Biological Sciences California State University
to AJB Editorial Board (1976-1980) : S. N. Postlethwait
of Biological Sciences
Lafayette, Indiana 47907
SECTION: Chairman (1976) :
(1973-1976) : 'Mathilde P. Weingartner
Island, New York 10301
of Botany and Plant Pathology Oregon State University
(1976) : Robert F. Thorne
Santa Ana Botanic Garden
N. College Avenue Claremont, California 91711 Secretary-Treasurer (1974-1976):
F. Anderson Department of Biology Whitman College
Walla, Washington 99362
of Botany Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84601
SECTION: Chairman (1974-1976) : Albert E. Radford
of Botany University of North Carolina
Hill, North Carolina 27514
(1975-1977) : *Dana Griffin I1I
of Activities Committee (1974-1976) : Gwynn Ramsey
on Corresponding Members
H. Raven (1978), Chairman
Delevoryas (1977) Arthur Cronquist (1976)
Gordon Whaley (1976), Chairman
Smith (1977) Charles B. Heiser, Jr. (1978) Ex officio: President
Gantt (1976). Chairwoman Robert Hoshaw (1977)
R. Hoffman (1978)
York Botanical Garden Award Committee Robert E. Cleland (1976), Chairman
A. Jensen (1976)
H. Wagner, Jr. (1976)
Siron Pelton Award Committee
B. Green (1977), Chairman Virginia E. Walbot (1977) Donald R. Kaplan (1977)
J. Norstog (1976), Chairman James A. Quinn (1977)
N. Taylor (1978)
C. Anderson (1979)
S. Tepfer (1976), Chairman
F. Scagel (1976)
C. Coffey (1977) Robert S. Platt (1977) Daniel J. Crawford (1978) Charles
R. Curtis (1978)
W. Whitaker, Chairman John B. Hanson
MacBryde (1977), Chairman Jean H. Langenheim (1976)
H. Nickerson (1976)
E. Rodman (1976)
N. Postlethwait, Chairman Thomas K. Wilson
to Investigate Relationship between the Society and the Biology Alliance for
Public Affairs Howard S. Irwin (1976)
for Scientific Liaison with the People's Republic of China
W. Galston (1976), Chairman
S. Ayensu (1976) Thomas S. Elias (1976) John B. Hansen (1976) Richard M. Klein
(1976) Anitra Thorhaug (1976)
to various organizations
Representative Howard S. Irwin (1978)
Governing Board Representative Theodore Delevoryas (1977)
Stain Commission Representative William A. Jensen (1976)
Society of the Assembly of Life Sciences Patricia K. Holmgren (1979)
archive set of back issues of the Plant Science Bulletin is missing Volume
11, #3. If any member has a copy, would you loan it to the Editor for
CACTUS FIELD BOOKS OF DAVID GRIFFITHS. For preparation of The Cacti of the
United States and Canada (in press, Stanford University Press), I am curating
the David Griffiths' collection of cactus specimens, mostly prickly pears.
These were prepared at the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the Burbank
cactus boom and bust at the turn of the century. The collection passed to
the Smithsonian Institution and for many years was stored at the U.S. National
Herbarium. In 1956, I was invited to curate the collection, the original set
to be deposited in the National Herbarium and the first set of duplicates
in the Herbarium of Pomona College. The original specimens were returned to
the Smithsonian in 1970 and those from Mexico are still under study.
specimens are good ones, but many have no labels because the field books have
not been found. Griffiths kept meticulous records; the book covering earlier
studies at the University of Arizona gives complete field records of all collected
specimens. The question is, "What has happened to the later field books?"
The labelling of perhaps half the thousands of specimens is impossible with-out
for many of the collections have been obtained by hook or crook. Garden record
books found at the Smithsonian provided at least place names for some labels,
and some data were supplied from the accession cards of the Plant Introduction
Garden at Chico. California. But there is still a large residue of specimens
well pressed and ready for mounting with no information except field numbers.
In view of the back-breaking work necessary to obtain and press thousands
of cacti, the value of salvaging these potentially valuable specimens can
be appreciated. Several obvious possible sources have failed to uncover the
note-books. Dr. Griffiths' secretary during the period of cactus investigation,
his family and various institutions in Washington have not been able to locate
the field books. I appeal to anyone who may he able to supply information
concerning the Griffiths' field books. Any help will be appreciated by Pomona
College where the unlabelled specimens occupy several herbarium cabinets,
by the Smithsonian Institution and by all interested in the study of Opuntia.
Please contact Lyman Benson, Department of Botany, Pomona College, Claremont,
is a newsletter devoted to all aspects of Virginia botany. We welcome all
articles dealing with history, biography, and bibliography as well as scientific
papers concerning botany in Virginia.
newsletter is published quarterly by the University of Richmond and subscriptions
are $2.00 per year. Manuscripts and requests for information should be sent
to: Howard M. Smith, Editor, Department of Biology, University of Richmond,
American Society of Plant Taxonomists announces the formation of a new journal,
SYSTEMATIC BOTANY, which will begin publication in 1976. It is intended that
a minimum of 400 pages per yearly volume will be published, the issues to
appear quarterly. The editor will be Dr. William Louis Culberson, Department
of Botany, Duke University, Durham, N.C. 27706. Membership in the ASPT is
welcomed from all persons interested in biological systematics, reproductive
and evolutionary biology, biogeography, chemotaxonomy, numerical taxonomy,
limited number of the following monographic issues of the Journal of the Elisha
Mitchell Scientific Society are available at $5.00 per copy: W. C. Coker,
The Lactarias of North Carolina; W. C. Coker, The Amanitas of the Eastern
United States; and H. C. Beardslee, The Russulas of North Carolina. Copies
of the volume entitled Mycological Studies Honoring J. N. Couch are available
at $10.00 each. Make check payable to the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society.
Address all orders to the Executive Editor, Department of Botany, University
of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514.
GUIDE TO GRADUATE STUDY IN BOTANY FOR THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA, 1974,
published by the Society, lists 98 plant science departments in the U.S. and
20 in Canada which offer the Ph.D. Each departmental listing includes the
name and address of the institution, name of department with number of faculty,
current graduate enrollment, fields of specialization and titles of recent
Ph.D. theses. The GUIDE is invaluable in assisting students in making choices
of graduate schools. It is available at $3 from Dr. Patricia Holmgren, Secretary,
Botanical Society of America, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, N.Y. 10458.
Checks should be made pay-able to The Botanical Society of America, Inc. and
should he included with the order.
Advice to Beginning Graduate Students
1. DO introduce yourself to departmental office personnel, and then get out
of the office.
hang around the office. It's full of cranky old women who are out to get you
or with pretty young women—ditto.
DO stay within the confines of your assigned hole which is in keeping with
your station in life.
put your bottom in the chief's chair and day-dream of occupying it.
write or type your own letters.
think that secretaries have been put on earth for the pleasure and convenience
of graduate students.
DO accept only those departmental keys which are necessary to sustain life,
i.e., access to your hole, laboratory and building.
acquire, borrow, find or duplicate any other keys. Eventually some fugitive
from the CIA will find out about it and then all the locks will be changed
with consequent paranoia all around.
DO run your own errands and offer to pick up whatever the "girls" want. You're
young and the exercise will do you good.
DON'T bother me — I can't cope.
DO offer to fill teaching emergencies. Faculty may not even thank you . .
. but they remember.
think that your time is as valuable as that of a professor. It really may
be, but you won't find anyone beside yourself who will agree with you.
College of Medicine
University of Vermont
Meetings, Conferences, Courses
Advance Registration Application form for the 1976 A.I.B.S. Meeting at Tulane
University will appear in the February issue of BioScience. Forms are also
avail-able from the American Institute of Biological Sciences, 1401 Wilson
Blvd., Arlington, Va. 22209.
will be accepted into a tutorial program in COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
OF ALGAE scheduled from June 21 to August 1, 1976 at the Marine Biological
Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. 02543, to acquaint them with the organisms and
the types of questions they can be used to answer. A series of coordinated
seminars on algal physiology, biochemistry, genetics, development, ecology,
macro, micro and molecular morphology and related subjects with evolution
serving as the unifying concept serves to introduce problems of current importance
and future potential. The laboratory provides lectures, projects and field
experience in the taxonomy, morphology and ecology of algal groups, enrichment
of microalgae, and experimental work on the physiology, biochemistry and development
of individual organisms. Several scholarships will be awarded based on talent
and need. Catalogs and applications can be obtained from MBL (address above)
and should be returned to the Laboratory together with supporting materials
by March 15, 1976.
first circular describing the Second International Mycological Congress has
been mailed to interested per-sons throughout the world. For the purpose of
preliminary planning, this circular had a December 15, 1975 return date. However,
the second circular will not be mailed until the summer of 1976 and there
is ample opportunity for all to contribute to the program. Contact Dr. Melvin
S. Fuller, Secretary IMC2, Department of Botany, University of Georgia, Athens,
Northeastern Section of the Botanical Society will hold a field meeting on
June 14-17, 1976 at Pinkham Notch, New Hampshire. Contact Miss M. Weingartner
at the Staten Island Museum, 75 Stuyvesant Place, Staten Island, N.Y. 10301.
University of Virginia will again be offering short courses on Taxonomy of
Seed Plants, Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecology, Pteridology and Ecological Genetics
at its Mountain Lake Biological Station. Contact J. J. Murray, Jr. at the
Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va. 22901.
Thomas Hodges of Purdue University is organizing the plant part of a symposium
on "Water Relations in Membrane Transport in Plants and Animals" to be held
in conjunction with the meetings of the American Physiological Society in
Philadelphia on August 15-20, 1976.
American Institute of Biological Sciences and the U. S. National Park Service
are co-sponsoring a "National Conference on Scientific Research in the National
Parks" to be held in New Orleans on 9-13 November, 1976. Papers will be accepted
in areas including aquatic Biology, Geology, Meteorology, Paleobotany and
Terrestrial Biology. Contact Lorraine Tucker, AIBS, 1401 Wilson Blvd., Arlington,
annual meeting of the Canadian Botanical Association will be held at Bishop's
University, Lennoxville, Quebec on June 6-10, 1976.
annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of
America and Soil Science Society of America will be held in Houston, Texas
on November 28-December 3, 1976. Additional information can be obtained from
Mike Holmberg, Amer. Soc. Agron., 677 S. Segoe Road, Madison, Wisc. 53711.
These societies are co-sponsoring, with the Tennessee Valley Authority, a
symposium on "The Role of Phosphorus in Agriculture" at Muscle Shoals, Alabama
on June 1-3, 1976.
University will offer "The Jenckes Foundation Program in Field Biology" for
the third consecutive summer. The dates are July 5-August 13. The course carries
9 university credits. Registration is limited to 30 students. Tuition is $195.00.
Bursaries are available to well-qualified and highly recommended applicants.
Participants will study a wide range of distinctive habitats. Living organisms
will also be brought to the laboratory for further study. The program will
be intensive and full-time. This program is useful to ecologically oriented
biology undergraduates and graduates who wish to extend their familiarity
with organisms in the field. Instructors will include Dr. Donald F. J. Hilton
(host-parasite-vector specialist), Dr. James Hull (plant ecology-allelopathy)
and Dr. Arthur N. Lang-ford (plant ecology and general botany) as well as
visiting specialists. Correspondence and requests for application forms should
be directed to Dr. Douglas F. Brown, Chair-man, Department of Biological Sciences,
Bishop's University, Lennoxville, Quebec JIM 1Z7.
International Atomic Energy Agency and the Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations will sponsor the International Symposium on Soil Organic
Matter studies, Braunschweig, Federal Republic of Germany, September 6-10,
1976. There is enclosed an information sheet on the meeting. The Energy Research
and Development Administration will coordinate the U.S. participation and
serve as the official government channel for the Symposium. Inquiries on participation
should be directed to John H. Kane, Special Assistant for Conferences, Office
of Public Affairs, MS; A1-5216.
in returning disturbed lands to productivity has intensified recently as more
lands are being disrupted in the search for energy. A group of scientific
organizations has organized a symposium on "Reclamation of Drastically Disturbed
Lands" which will bring together experts from several disciplines to summarize
what is known about reclamation and to identify areas where more information
is needed. The symposium will be held at the Ohio Agri-cultural Research and
Development Center in Wooster, Ohio, August 9-12, 1976, sponsored by the American
Society of Agronomy. Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society
of America, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Society of American
Foresters, Society for Range Management, Soil Conservation Society of America,
The Institute of Ecology and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. For
additional information, contact the chairman of the planning committee, Dr.
Paul Sutton, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Route 6, Caldwell,
Ohio 43724 or the American Society of Agronomy, 677 South Segoe Road, Madison,
Northeast Algal Symposium will be held at the Marine Biological Laboratory,
Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543. The Symposium will begin at 1:30 p.m., April
30th and terminate at 5:00 p.m., May 1st; registration of attendants will
be from 8:00-12:00 a.m., Friday, April 30th in the main lobby of the Woods
Hole Swope Conference Center. Contact Robert T. Wilce, Department of Botany,
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass. 01002.
W. Alton Jones Cell Science Center announces four technique courses on "Tissue
Culture Techniques for Plant Propagators" to be held April 12-13, April 14-15,
September 20-21 and September 22-23. Drs. Toshio
and Donald K. Dougall are co-directors of the courses. Additional information
can be obtained from the Course Secretary, W. Alton Jones Cell Science Center,
Old Barn Road, Lake Placid, N.Y. 12946.
Botany Department, University of British Columbia, has one opportunity for
graduate work in the following areas:
acid sequence studies on plant proteins; Germination and early growth of Alnus
including a letter outlining the nature of interest to the selected area,
should be addressed to Dr. I.E.P. Taylor, Botany Department, University of
British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS IN POLLEN MORPHOLOGY
are invited from students wishing to pursue post-graduate work, leading to
the M.Sc. degree, on pollen morphology and its applications in taxonomy. For
further information contact Dr. J. K. Morton, Department of Biology, University
of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1.
FAIRCHILD TROPICAL GARDEN
Fairchild Tropical Garden, Miami. Florida will have a full-time, permanent
position available for a plant taxonomist to work at the Garden beginning
July 1, 1976. The position involves carrying out an active research pro-gram
in cycads, curatorial work in the herbarium and participating in the day-to-day
taxonomic activities of a tropical botanical garden.
must hold the Ph.D. degree with a major in plant taxonomy or biosystematics.
Preference will be given to those who have had post-doctoral training or experience
at a major center of taxonomic research. The salary level is related to training
should send a resume including a statement of pertinent experience and research
interest, together with copies of official transcripts and three letters of
reference to Chairman, Selections Committee, Fairchild Tropical Garden, 10901
Old Cutler Road, Miami, Fla. 33156; telephone 305-667-1651. Deadline for applications:
May 1, 1976.
New York Botanical Garden, a private, non-profit institution, located in the
Bronx, New York, is seeking applications for the position of Assistant Plant
Information Officer. The function of this position is to assist with and supplement
the work of the Plant Information Office to provide information on botanical,
horticultural and related topics in response to inquiries from the general
public, business and industry and from governmental agencies. This person
will answer telephone, written and personal inquiries on a daily basis. He
will be expected to assist in the development of publications, public education
program and other informational and educational devices in cooperation with
the staff of the Education Services Division under the direct supervision
of the Plant Information Officer.
master's degree in Botany or Horticulture with emphasis on Plant Taxonomy
is required. Preference will be given to applicants with doctoral level training
or attainment. This is a full-time (12 month), permanent position. Salary
is $11,000 and up. The position will be open on
1, 1975. Please send full, written resume to Dr. Frank Polach, Plant Information
Officer, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458.
successful applicant for the Forest B. H. and Elizabeth D. W. Brown Postdoctoral
Fellowship in Botanical Sciences will work for one year in some aspect of
botany with a faculty member in the Department of Biology at Yale University.
Tenure must begin between July 1, 1976 and July 1, 1977. Send resume to Administrative
Assistant, 102 Kline Biology Tower, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
Tech University, Lubbock, Texas announces its search for Chairman and Professor,
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences. The department offers curricula in
field crops, soils and horticulture leading to B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees.
The candidate must possess the Ph.D. degree in the area of Crops, Soils, Horticulture,
or a very closely related field. Demonstrated evidence of administrative capability
or potential in academic programs is necessary. Salary is open.
candidates must apply or nominations must be made by March 15, 1976. Candidates
should send professional resume and a list of a minimum of 3 references to
Dr. W. F. Bennett, College of Agricultural Sciences, Texas Tech University,
Lubbock, Texas 79409; telephone 806-742-4271.
position is open for a Plant Ecologist-Morphologist at Juniata College. This
person will be responsible for teaching undergraduate plant ecology and morphology
units and must be capable of developing advanced units of a departmental or
interdisciplinary nature. The applicant should also be willing to participate
in an undergraduate advising program and, to a limited extent, in a general
education program. Although emphasis will be on teaching responsibilities,
interest in research, especially with under-graduate participation, is desirable.
A Ph.D. in botany or related sciences is required; some teaching experience
position will start at a rank of instructor or assistant professor. The starting
date is September 1976. Annual contracts are renewable. Address inquiries
to Dr. Robert P. Zimmerer, Chairman, Biology Department, Juniata College,
Huntingdon, Pennsylvania 16652.
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION—PEACE CORPS ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM is seeking
applications from botanists, biologists and plant pathologists for a variety
of two-year teaching, research or administrative assignments overseas. Sample
assignment: BOTANIST, NATIONAL BOTANICAL GARDEN OF THE PHILIPPINES. Responsibilities
include assisting in the layout and management of the garden; working with
the scientific collections including a new medicinal plant collection, a nursery
for propagating ornamentals and forest seedlings, and an experimental area
to study forest pests and diseases; and conducting research in selected areas.
Requirements: M.S. or Ph.D. in plant ecology, nature conservation, plant taxonomy
or forestry, with field experience in tropical forests desirable. For information
on this and other assignments, write to Dr. James A. Sherburne, Smithsonian—Peace
Corps Environmental Program, Dept. P-2, Smithsonian Institution, Washington,
Herbarium of the University of California, Berkeley, has established a small
fund to support collection of botanical specimens in selected parts of Mexico,
Central and South America, the Antilles, and the Pacific Basin (including
Southeast Asia). Botanists (or biologists doing
related studies) who wish to supplement their field expenses and who are willing
to collect labeled, but not necessarily identified, herbarium specimens from
these areas for the University Herbarium are eligible to apply for subsidies
from this fund. Grants will generally be less than $500. Applicants should
include a curriculum vitae, their planned itinerary, approximate quantity
and kind of collections to be made (plant group(s), general vs. specific),
and a statement of anticipated costs not met by other funding. Applicants
should also arrange to have a letter of recommendation sent separately. Application
and supporting letter should be sent to Robert Ornduff, Director, University
Herbarium, Department of Botany, University of California, Berkeley, California
open for Assistant Professor in September 1976. Botanist/Biologist with interest
in undergraduate teaching. Diversified training with competence in plant development,
systematics, and general biology. Ph.D. preferred. Send resume, with names
of three references, and graduate transcripts to Dr. Daniel J. Bean, Department
of Biology, Saint Michael's College, Winooski, Vermont 05404.
Physiological-Ecologist. Applications and nominations are invited for a position
beginning September 1976. Preference will be given to those with research
interests in plant physiological ecology but consideration will be given to
strong applicants in Photobiology and other areas of experimental botany.
Rank and salary commensurate with qualifications and experience. Deadline
for applications is March 15, 1976. To apply send complete curriculum vitae
and names of three references to Dr. R. A. Paterson, Head, Department of Biology,
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va. 24061.
Professor, Laboratory of Plant Hardiness. The Laboratory of Plant Hardiness,
Department of Horticultural Science and Landscape Architecture, University
of Minnesota will receive applications by April 23, 1976 for a position at
the assistant professorship level. Applicants must have the Ph.D. in biophysics
or physical chemistry with strong interests in horticulture and biochemistry
or other plant science or a Ph.D. in horticulture with working skills in biophysics
and physical chemistry. Address inquiries to Dr. C. Stushnoff, Department
of Horticultural Science, 326 Alderman Hall. University of Minnesota, St.
Paul, Minn. 55108.
the appointment of Professor J. E. Cruise to the Directorship of the Royal
Ontario Museum, Dr. John Grear has been appointed to the position of Curator
of the Vascular Plant Herbarium of the University of Toronto (TRT) .
H. Raven, director of the Missouri Botanical Garden and professor of biology
at Washington University, has been named George Engelmann Professor of Botany.
With this appointment, he becomes the fourth botanist to be so honored since
the Engelmann chair was established at Washington University in 1885. Previous
Engelmann professors, all of whom were or became directors of the Missouri
Botanical Garden, and their periods of tenure as Engelmann Professor include:
William Trelease (1885-1909) ; George T. Moore (1909-1937) ; and Edgar Anderson
a former WU professor, physician, botanist and meteorologist, was the man
who served as advisor to
Shaw when he set about to create what is now known as "Shaw's Garden." As
Shaw's emissary in 1857, Engelmann purchased the Bernhardi herbarium in Erfurth,
Germany, a 40,000-species collection which formed the nucleus of the present-day
herbarium at the Missouri Botanical Garden, one of the most important in the
world. Through the efforts of these iwo men, the Missouri Botanical Garden
was founded in 1859.
of Texas System Regents approved the appointment of Dr. Harold C. Bold, UT-Austin
professor of botany, as the first C. L. Lundell Professor of Systematic Botany.
The Lundell Professorship of Systematic Botany was established by a gift to
the University by Dr. and Mrs. C. L. Lundell in 1972. Among the many professional
and academic organizations in which Dr. Bold is active are the Botanical Society
of America, Phycological Society of America, the Southwestern Association
of Naturalists and the Texas Academy of Science. He is a member of the National
Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
September 20, 1975 Dr. Scott Mori began a two year appointment as a research
associate at The New York Botanical Garden. Dr. Mori is working with Dr. Ghillean
Prance on a monograph of the New World Lecythidaceae for eventual publication
in Flora Neotropica. Volume I will include treatments of Asteranthos, Gustavia,
Grias, Allantoma, and Cariniana and is scheduled to he completed by September
ACTIVITIES OF THE SECTIONS
News of the Developmental Section
connection with the meeting at Oregon State University in August 1975, the
Developmental Section held a luncheon meeting. The great minds elected the
following officers: Chairperson: Howard Bonnett (Dept. of Biology, Univ. of
Oregon, Eugene 97403) ; Vice-Chairperson: Peter Kaufman (Dept. of Botany,
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48194): Representative to the American Journal
of Botany: William Millington (Dept. of Biology, Marquette University, Milwaukee,
Wis. 53233): and Secretary-Treasurer: Barbara Webster (Dept. of Agronomy and
Range Science, Univ. of California, Davis, Calif. 95616, AC 916-752-2468).
was decided that abstracts submitted to annual meetings of the Society to
the Developmental and to the Structural Sections should be integrated in order
to achieve a more coordinated program. Accordingly, Don Kaplan (Secretary
to the Structural Section) and I have worked together to schedule presentations
for the forthcoming meetings at Tulane. We received a total of 78 abstracts.
of the Development Section raised the question of NSF funding within the Developmental
Biology Program at the annual meeting in Corvallis. I am passing along the
data sent me for fiscal year 1975. Forty of 104 (38.5%) proposals with
a botanical orientation were funded compared to 76 of 197 (38.6%) proposals
with a zoological orientation. This included proposals for small supplements,
conferences, etc., as well as competitive re-search proposals. It excluded
proposals for work with Dictyostelium, Physarum, bacterial sporulation, etc.
On the basis of these data, botanists appear to be competing equally for grant
are 2 vacancies for Corresponding Members of the Botanical Society. According
to the by-laws of the society, "Corresponding Members shall be chosen from
authors of important contributions to the science of botany." The Developmental
Section does not have a defined procedure for the nomination of persons for
corresponding membership, but the following guidelines are suggested: 1) any
member interested in the nomination of a person for corresponding membership
should send name and vitae of the nominee to Howard Bonnett, requesting sponsorship
of the Developmental Section for the candidate; 2) the member should then
send bibliographic information, including a list of publications of the nominee,
to members of the Developmental and other Sections, requesting their support
in the form of a letter of recommendation. Sup-porting letters on prospective
Corresponding Members should be sent to Dr. Peter Raven, Chairman, Committee
on Corresponding Members, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2315 Tower Grove Ave.,
St. Louis, Mo. 63110. I think you will be pleased to know that Dr. Elizabeth
Cutter, a member of the Developmental Section, was elected as a Corresponding
Member by the Society at its 1975 meeting.
Barbara Webster, Secretary
YVONNE. Flowering Time, Climate and Genotype. Melbourne Univ. Press. 1975.
193 pp. $29.70.
book by Yvonne Aitken represents an excellent report of her research program
on flowering of several agricultural plants over a wide range of geographical
latitudes and climates. The plants for which development and flowering seasonality
were mainly investigated were: wheat, peas, subterranean clover, red clover,
oats, ryegrass, and barley; all from two important families: grasses and legumes.
Auxiliary information is provided for 45 more species. The generalizing title
of the book is further justified by the introductory 20 pages of history of
phenology and plant development and climate. The chapters following carry
similarly generalized titles but cover basically the subject platter with
regards to the crop plants mentioned: Plant development and shoot structure
(20 pp.), climate and growing season (42 pp.), maturity genotypes (various
aspects and chapters, 86 pp.), and application of develop-mental analysis
Aitken studies especially the maturity genotype concept under different climatic
constraints like growing season length. temperature, photoperiod. The discussions
demonstrate the enormous amount of field work that has gone into this book.
It is impossible here to cover the many aspects of seasonal development that
were investigated. The book is a bonanza for modelers searching for excellent
data. Fifty-four figures, many with several individual blocks, excellently
drawn, illustrate the data gathered. Numerous tables back up the statements
contained in the text. This explains the price of almost $30 for a book of
book is a substantial contribution to plant development and seasonality research.
It should certainly be respected by all agricultural climatologists and crop
ecologists. The many examples presented invite the use of the book as reading
material in developmental biology. Text-book writers should consult this book
for its excellent graphs to demonstrate evidences for seasonality, temperature
vs. photoperiod effects. etc. The authoress should he highly commended for
this major contribution to phenology.
H. Lieth University of North Carolina
FRED B. Flora of the Texas Coastal Bend. Rob and Bessie Welder Wildlife Foundation.
P.O. Drawer 1400, Sinton, Texas 78387. U.S.A. January, 1975. 1 vol. i-xxxvi,
vascular plants of a coastal area approximately 150 km long by 100 km wide,
centered around the city of Corpus Christi, are treated. Included are 1,321
species in 585 genera in 135 families. Clear and concise dichotomous keys
and short descriptions and distributional statements are given. Topography,
climate and vegetation are summarized briefly. One new species, Boerhavia
rrrathisiana Jones. is described in Latin and English. A few very well done
line drawings by Evelinc Jackson are presented.
is a superb local flora of the kind one wishes were available for every region.
Mr. Jones is to be warmly congratulated.
C. Johnston University of Texas, Austin
F. B., and E. MEDINA (editors). Tropical
Systems: Trends in Terrestrial and Aquatic
Ecological Studies 11. Springer-Verlag. N.Y.
volume contains papers presented at a 1973 symposium in Caracas. All 25 papers
are in English and the 42 contributors represent 11 countries; more than half
the contributors are from temperate latitudes. The book is divided into eight
sections, each section preceded by a brief and almost information-free introduction
by the editors. The papers are of much more uneven quality than one would
normally expect to find in a volume of this sort. They include literature
reviews, premature data papers, and, happily, six or eight papers which are
outstanding examples of high quality tropical ecological research.
half of the titles are of interest to tropical ecologists whose interests
are primarily botanical. Hart-shorn gives a lucid review of his application
of l.efkavitch's population model to Pentaclethra macroloba, an important
tree in the wet Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica. Knight examined various ages
of second-growth on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, and adds to the scant literature
on succession in tropical American forests. In a monograph-length paper. Montgomery
and Sunquist report their studies dealing with sloths, including their feeding
behavior and impact on the forests. Haines provides new data on nutrient concentration
by leaf cutting ants and its effect on seedling and root growth. Klinge et
al. summarize (again) their biomass and forest structure data from Central
Amazonia. Huttel makes a valuable addition to the tiny amount of data available
on root distribution under tropical evergreen forest. A paper by Malaisse
et al. makes available in English some of their detailed observations on litter
fall and de-composition in miombo forest in Zaire. Lugo et al. report on a
series of metabolic diurnals in which they measured photosynthesis, respiration,
and transpiration in various compartments (canopy leaves, trunks, prop roots,
etc.) of three mangrove species in Florida. The oustanding paper in the volume
is the 44 page review by l.amotte, in which he summarizes the studies of his
group on a Borassu.s palm savanna at Lamto, Ivory Coast. The whole ecosystem
is dissected for us: primary producers, vertebrates, inverte-
papers cover such a wide range of topics and are of climate and fire.
papers cover such a wide range of topics and are of such variable quality
that the whole volume will be of interest only to a handful of readers. The
better papers might have received wider distribution had they been published
in the usual journals. Only the few ecosystem-level summaries which might
not have otherwise appeared in English carry the rest of the volume.
Ewel University of Florida
WILLIAM J. Plants in the Laboratory. The Macmillan Company, New York. 207
manual and text is designed to be used in courses that cover the study of
a broad range of plants. The book is divided into four parts each with several
projects. Directions are excellent for allowing a student to proceed in-dependently.
The variety of projects is intended to show the student that understanding
of plants comes from a number of different approaches. The use of living material
is emphasized and methods of collection are given. Also included are sources
of prepared material for use if living material is not available or to supplement
1 deals with collection, identification and culture of plants. Thorough directions
for culture of all groups from bacteria through seed plants are given. Included
are formulae and methods of preparing a number of media and basic techniques
of culture and isolation. A list of references for the identification of all
groups of plants is included. Although not complete, it is fairly representative.
2 introduces the student to microtechniques. Included are directions for the
use of the microscope, preparation of slides, formulae for killing agents
and stains, smear techniques for studying chromosomes, and the preparation
of replicas of leaf surfaces.
Projects in Part 4 constitute a survey of the plant kingdom in evolutionary
sequence. As the author states, these are the heart of the laboratory work in
most introductory plant kingdom courses." All of the main groups of plants are
treated with the same format, facilitating comparison. The discussion in each
project includes sections on taxonomy, importance, occurrence, vegetative features,
asexual reproduction, and sexual reproduction. Directions are complete but leave
questions for the student. The projects not only include directions for morphological
and anatomical observations but for observations of the reactions and development
of living plants. The introductory material includes an outline of major plant
groups showing various systems of classification, a geological timetable with
the important events in plant evolution, a map showing primary productivity
of the biosphere, and a list of references.
text is enhanced by drawings of methods, implements, and plant structures
and by photographs of representative species.
manual promises to be excellent for plant kingdom survey courses. The wealth
of material available allows for considerable flexibility in its use. The
teacher will also welcome the collection in one manual of cultural methods
for a wide variety of plants.
O. L. and L. R. WETTER (eds.). Plant
Culture Methods. Available as NRCC 14383
Publications N.R.C.C., Ottawa, Ont., Canada
1 A DR6. 1975. 110 pp. illus. Can. $6.00 paperbound.
Tissue Culture Methods" is the result of a group effort by the laboratory
staff of the Prairie Regional Laboratory and the Biology Department of the
University of Saskatchewan. They have, in a very compact form, put together
a manual on plant cell cultures, procedures and application. This book is
not a complete monograph on plant tissue culture methodology since it deals
only with plant cell culture lines that have been started since 1963 in the
Prairie Regional Laboratory. Every method is described, but the authors make
very clear that the required conditions for each plant species vary and must
be ascertained experimentally. This may even sound a little too optimistic
because we know that some plant species have not been successfully cultured
or differentiated and propagated in vitro. But the detailed procedures in
each chapter may help researchers to sharpen their own methods to obtain successful
cell culture lines of plant species which so far have been quite stubborn.
table of contents opens this most useful manual, a well prepared index closes
it. Each of the 17 chapters is conveniently divided in 5 parts: A. Equipment;
B. Materials and Reagents; C. Procedures; D. Discussion; and E. References.
The book is illustrated with diagrams and photographs. Most of the references
for each chapter are from publications of the Prairie Regional Lab., but Appendix
VIII is a relatively extensive bibliography on technology and application
of plant tissue and organ cultures and includes many books, papers, and reviews
published up to 1974. The appendices with media recipes, dry weight and mitotic
index determinations, lists of suppliers of purified enzymes for protoplast
production, and of laboratory equipment and glassware are very welcome. Thanks
to Gamborg and Wetter for a most needed handy manual which is worth adding
to our lab methodology references.
Maria franca Morselli University of Vermont
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT BURLINGTON,