PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.
11 APRIL 1965 NUMBER 1
Komarov Botanical Institute, Leningrad
was my good fortune to be able to visit the Komarov Botanical Institute in
Leningrad for several days prior to the opening of the Tenth International
Botanical Congress in Edinburgh. This Institute embraces all branches of the
plant sciences, both applied and theoretical, and is probably the largest
and most important botanical institution in the Soviet Union. Moreover it
is one of the major botanical centers of the entire world, especially with
respect to systematics, phytogeography, and geobotany. Al-together, nearly
700 persons are employed, including a professional staff of about 240 scientists
who hold either the Doctor or Candidate of Science degree. The Herbarium now
boasts nearly 6 million specimens, making it one of the three or four herbaria
in the world exceeding 5 million specimens. It ranks second only, perhaps,
to the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, which has about 6.5
million. The Library houses about 900,000 volumes including many exceedingly
rare tomes covering all phases of botany. The Institute is a major training
center for botanists in the U.S.S.R., having awarded about 275 advanced degrees
over the past 20 years.
Komarov Botanical Institute is one of the oldest botanical institutions in
the world. Its earliest beginnings trace back to 1714 and the reign of Peter
I, when it began as a medicinal garden for the Imperial Court and Army. Just
last year the Institute celebrated its 250th anniversary. During the 19th
century it was a botanical center of great national and international importance,
having many eminent botanists associated with it. As a botanic garden with
unusual glasshouse facilities for tropical and sub-tropical plants, it became
one of the most celebrated of Europe.
its illustrious history and impressive resources today, information about
the Institute is not readily avail-able at least in the United States, and
the real significance of its resources is not widely appreciated. The reasons
are in part obvious, of course. The unfortunate realities of the political
world have been responsible for the "Botanical Curtain" of sorts that has
descended over Russian botany during much of the Soviet Period. Also, there
is always the formidable barrier of the Russian language—or the English
language, depending on your side. Even so, the Institute's level of international
cooperation and participation, though not what it deserves to be, is relatively
high at least compared to that of other Russian botanical institutions and
considering all factors. For example, botanists of the Institute have not
only been in a favorable position to conduct joint expeditions with the Chinese
into tropical China and with the Indonesians into remote parts of their islands,
but also they have been to Brazil as recently as 1947, under the leadership
of the late B. K. Schischkin.
present time is probably more auspicious for American contacts with the Komarov
Institute than at any time during the past 3o-90 years and certainly since
the Second World War. The truth is that we are not taking full ad-vantage
of the opportunities because of our own timidity, I am convinced. For example,
although American botanists literally swarmed over Western Europe to visit
botanical research centers large and small while abroad for the Congress last
summer, barely a ripple was felt in Leningrad. To my knowledge, I was the
only American taxonomist—perhaps the only Western taxonomist—to
take this opportunity to study the Komarov's unexampled collections. This
seems the more unfortunate because the trip is perfectly feasible. Neither
the Russian language nor official red tape need be a barrier.
success of my own trip prompts me to describe it briefly in print in the hopes
that others might be encouraged to make a similar venture. In this age of
the "Botanical Jet-Set," travel per se is no longer a problem, and there is
nothing to lose and perhaps much to gain by including Leningrad on one's travel
itinerary when in Europe. My report covers only the Herbarium of the Institute,
because I had no firsthand experience with the other re-search laboratories.
first became interested in visiting the Komarov Institute several years ago
when I began to study the Alaskan flora and the geniis Campanula. The latter
interest led me into a friendly correspondence and exchange of scientific
books with Dr. Andrey Fedorov, the noted authority on Campanulaceae who wrote
the family treatment for Flora SSSR (vol. 24, 1957) and who is currently preparing
the treatment for Flora Euro paea. He is also an authority on the Caucasian
flora, and more recently his researches have turned to the Old World Tropics.
My trip this past summer was planned expressly to make his acquaintance and
to examine some Siberian collections of Campanula, which are scarce in American
limited, "official" Soviet-American scientist ex-
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
WILLIAM L. STERN, Editor
Washington 25, D. C.
HARLAN P. BANKS Cornell University
NORMAN H. BOKE University of Oklahoma
SYDNEY S. GREENFIELD Rutgers University
ELSIE QUARTERMAN Vanderbilt University
ERICH STEINER University of Michigan
APRIL 1965 VOLUME 11
OF ADDRESS: Notify the Treasurer of the Botanical Societe of America, Inc.,
Dr. Harlan P. Banks, Department of Botany, Cornell University, Ithaca, New
for libraries and persons not members of the Botanical Society of America
are obtainable at the rate of $2.00 a year. Send orders with checks payable
to "Botanical Society of America, Inc." to the Treasurer.
SUBMITTED FOR PUBLICATION should be typewritten double-spaced, and sent in
duplicate to the Editor. Copy should follow the style of recent issues of
are ill-adapted for the usual taxonomic itinerary that includes many, relatively
short herbarium visits. The process of arranging an official visit to the
U.S.S.R. is ponderous and much too unpredictable; the vagaries of selection
being what they are one is inclined to forget the whole idea of a Russian
stopover before he tries. For this reason, I decided to plan an ordinary "tourist"
visit to Leningrad with the "ulterior" motive of scientific research. (Actually,
I listed my intention right on my visa application.) I was unprepared, however,
for the ease with which the tourist approach can succeed.
cannot improvise a Russian tour as he might a German, or French, or English
tour, but must prearrange all major details and prepay all major expenses
through any of several American travel agencies accredited with In-tourist,
the Russian Government's travel bureau. My trip was arranged by American Express,
including the securing of my Russian visa, and they sold me the so-called
"De-luxe" (Russians call it Licks.) plan. This is apparently the only option
for non-official travellers. One is sold a certificate of credit which when
surrendered to Intourist in-side the Soviet Union entitles him to lodging,
meals (fixed-allowance tickets), and an interpreter-guide who has the use
of a chauffeur-driven car.
the moment one arrives in the Soviet Union, in this case Leningrad, he is
nominally the ward of Intourist, but the first-time visitor to the U.S.S.R.
who is not fluent in Russian is only too glad to lean on Intourist and to
lean hard. I felt complete freedom to move about in the city and feel that
I relied on them only at my own choosing. My guide was very accommodating
and helped arrange my schedule as I wanted it, making all advance arrangements
with the Botanical Institute for me. I was placed in "Hotel Rossiya" and had
a comfortable room. Other Institute visitors should try, however, to be placed
in either the "Evropa" or "Astoria." Both are much closer to the Institute
and nearer to the hub of city life; in particular, the "Astoria" is more hotel-like
to the Westerner.
Herbarium and Library of the Botanical Institute are housed in a four-story
building completed in 1913 for the 200th anniversary of the Principal Botanic
Garden of St. Petersburg, which preceded the Institute. The Vascular Plant
Herbarium is one of four separate divisions of the Department of Vascular
Plants, and the Chief Curator, to whom all correspondence concerning loans
and exchanges should be addressed, is Prof. I. T. Vassilczenko. The Department
is headed by Prof. A. L. Takhtajan, Corresponding Member of the Armenian Academy
of Sciences, who also is in charge of the Laboratory of Paleobotany within
the Department. The remaining two divisions of the Department are: Laboratory
of Taxonomy and Geography of Vascular Plants (Chief, Andrey A. Fedorov) and
Laboratory of Plant Cytology (Chief, M. S. Navashin).
Vascular Herbarium is comprised of six regional herbaria and the so-called
"Duplicate Division," in charge of S. K. Tscherepanov. The six herbaria and
their heads are as follows: I) European U.S.S.R., N. N. Tzvelev; 2) Caucasus,
An. A. Fedorov; 3) Middle Asia, V. P. Botschanzev; 4) Central Asia, V, Grubov;
5) Siberia and Far East, S. J. Lipschitz; and 6) General, M. E. Kirpicznikov.
The General Herbarium covers the entire world outside the U.S.S.R. This regional
departmentalization is best suited for floristic-phytogeographic research
and least suited for systematic-monographic studies. The origin of this her-barium
arrangement is perhaps related to the 3o-year Flora SSSR project just completed
last year. Herbarium users must understand this rather complex regional organization
and remember that each herbarium has its own curator and staff. It is possibly
because of this organization that some visiting foreign botanists in the past
have not been given direct access to the herbaria. At times it might have
been simpler to bring out the plants, especially for an English-speaking guest,
than to explain the system.
access was granted me, and one of the exciting moments of my trip came when
I was "turned loose" in the Siberian Herbarium and permitted to consult the
cases directly for whatever Campanulaceae I wished to see. The wealth of material
was overwhelming, and it was indeed a revel. All the curators I came in contact
with very willingly offered me space, equipment, supplies, or any other assistance
I needed, and I felt a bit smothered with attention. All that I lacked was
a few months of time!
Herbarium organization is bewildering to the new-comer, and they made every
effort to assist me in finding what I needed without my having to move around
a lot. The types are kept separate, and they were brought to me. In the Caucasian
Herbarium, Dr. Fedorov had gone to the trouble of pulling out, in advance
of my arrival, more than Too types and isotypes for me to examine. To save
time, they brought Inc specimens from other herbaria while I worked. With
this valuable service I did not find the regional subdivisions unduly handicapping.
With respect to monographic work it is worth noting that Dr. A. O. Chater
(University of Leicester, England), who was in the midst of a study of Astragalus
for Flora Europaea, was given a special office and permitted to bring together
there all the specimens he needed from the various herbaria.
was met upon arrival at the Herbarium by Dr. Andrey Fedorov who was most generous
with his time during my few days in Leningrad. He speaks good English, as
do quite a few members of the staff, and he gave me a general tour of the
Herbarium and introduced me to many of the botanists. (My own Russian facility
is not adequate for sustained conversation, but I found that one really does
not need to know Russian to get along well in the Herbarium, although of course
it would be a great asset. In fact, it would be a mistake to attempt a long-term
visit without some knowledge of Russian.) I was especially pleased to meet
Prof. Vassilczenko, Chief Curator, and Dr. Lipschitz, well known for his biographic-bibliographic
work on Russian botanists (Botanicorum rossicorum, vols. 1-4, 1947-52. MOSCOW).
Many of the professional staff were on vacation or away on business or field-work,
among whom was Prof. Takhtajan whose acquaintance I was unable, regretfully,
Fedorov had library specialists orientate me to the Library, and I was very
much impressed with their re-sources. I was a little distressed, however,
to learn that the stacks are not open. Most interesting to me was the dual
catalog. Russian titles are cataloged separately from foreign titles, and
the user must be able to read foreign titles in their original language and
script. This eliminates the kind of monstrosities that one finds in our libraries
when Cyrillic letters are transliterated into Latin ones. Unfortunately, however,
they apparently do not have the funds to continue this dual catalog.
had the great pleasure of chatting for some time with Prof. Alexandr A. Fedorov,
Director of the Komarov Botanical Institute and Corresponding Member of the
Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., who is a brother to Andrey. Andrey served
as interpreter, and together they gave me a guided tour of the arboretum and
park surrounding the Institute, which attracts upwards to 200,000 visitors
annually. Many regional plantings have been established, including a North
American planting with some magnificent Colorado blue spruces.
two occasions, Dr. Andrey Fedorov held an elaborate tea for me in the Caucasian
Herbarium, serving open-face caviar, cheese, and meat sandwiches, apricots,
and a delicious assortment of pastries. This provided an opportunity for informal
banter with him and his assistants, who did their best to coax Russian out
of me and chuckled at my informality in eating caviar and sweets alternately.
real highlight of my visit came on the Sunday after- noon of my stay when
Dr. Andrey Fedorov took his wife, assistant, and me for a drive south of Leningrad
to sight-see and visit some historical parks. On our way back we stopped in
a roadside park where there were tables and chairs and had a picnic supper.
They brought along what they described as a "typical Russian summer meal,"
which included cold ham, cucumbers, tomatoes, black bread, cheese, cabbage-stuffed
pastries (kind of piroshki), and cake. They bought lemonade and beer along
the way. After supper we took a stroll in the park to a relict stand of virgin
Scotch pine. It was the first native Scotch pine I had ever seen, and I had
not realized they could be so tall.
trip was hardly more than an orientation, and I am looking forward to returning
at some future time for much longer studies. Considering how many specimens
and especially types are to be found at Leningrad, one can only hope that
many more American taxonomists will be able to visit the Komarov Botanical
Institute in the years to come. In return, we must hope that many Russian
taxonomists will be able to visit our own herbaria. Surely this will promote
better taxonomy everywhere.
extend sincere thanks to all those at the Institute who so unselfishly delighted
in making my visit a success. I am particularly indebted to Dr. Andrey Fedorov,
but special thanks go also to Prof. Alexandr Fedorov, Director, for volunteering
many interesting details about the organization and activities of the Institute.
Finally, I am grateful to Dr. A. O. Chater for sharing with me his own three-month
experiences at the Institute and thereby providing me with a perspective not
otherwise possible from such a short visit.
AL. A. 1964. "Botanicheskomu institutu im. V. L. Komarova Akademii nauk SSSR
250 let" [To the Botanical Institute in the name of V. L. Komarov of the Academy
of Sciences of the USSR—25o years] Botanicheskii Zhurnal 49(11) : I—VIII.
D. V., S. J. Lrrscxrrz, AND M. M. LODKINA. 1962. An outline of the history
of the V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences.
Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R. Press, Leningrad. 48 pp. (Translated by D. M. Kershner
and G. E. Ben; edited by P. A. Baranov)
of the Secretary 1959-19641
assumed the Secretaryship of the Society in 195.8, having been appointed by
the Council to succeed Professor Harold C. Bold, who had resigned from that
office to become the new Editor of the American Journal of Botany. After completing
his term of office, I was elected by the So-
A report presented to the Council of the Society during meetings at the University
of Colorado, August 1964.
to the office of Secretary for the years 1959—196. During this six-year
period—a period which saw the membership grow from 'Soo to approximately
2700—a number of significant developments occurred and a number of new
problems arose. Since I will address this Council for the last time as Secretary,
I would like 1) to outline briefly the major developments within the Society
during this period and 2) to propose certain activities that ought to be considered
as part of the obligations of the Society.
my opinion, the Secretary's job is mostly routine. It is the Presidents who
should and have provided effective leadership; it is the Council that provides
wisdom in action; and it is the Treasurer, Editors, and Business Manager who
provide sound fiscal policy. In particular, the office of President is critical,
and for this reason the Council should make every effort to see that the best
possible slate of candidates is presented to the Society for election. During
my term of office, it has been my privilege to work under an extraordinary
succession of Presidents. To them I am personally deeply indebted, for they
have provided not only leadership, but also inspiration.
in compiling the major developments within the Society during the past six
years I would like to re-late these to the Presidents who were associated
with the events of those years. In the list that follows, I have included
only those activities of major significance to the Society for the year concerned.
There were many other activities by numerous individuals which in sum perhaps
outweigh in import those listed, and only brevity dictates that these be omitted.
President—Fares W. WENT
Bylaws were amended so as to establish a new category of Retired Members
for those who, after 25 years of continuous membership, might upon petition,
remain active in the Society without payment of dues. Such membership
did not include a subscription to the Journal.
the Society was operating in the red, Regular Membership dues were raised
from $7.00 to $io.00 and dues for graduate students from $5.00 to $6.00.
President—WILLIAM C. STEERE
were again modified to permit Retired Members (totaling about 300) to
receive the Journal at half the rate of Regular Members.
Bulletin (1st edition) appeared. Five thousand copies distributed.
to continue Summer Institute for Botany Teachers (first inaugurated in
operating in black again; prophecies of drop in membership not forthcoming.
President—KENNETH V. THIMANN
A major study committee appointed (with N.S.F. sup-port) to explore the feasibility
of establishing a Federation of Plant Science Societies under the aegis of
Council decided again to publish abstracts of papers presented before the
sections of the Society. An important decision, for this action drew some
of the smaller plant science societies into closer association with the Botanical
President—VERNON I. CIIEADLE
of Program Director established by the Council; an important step, for
it provided for the coordination of a widening circle of activities by
received a favorable report from its commit-tee to consider the establishment
of a National Tropical Botanical Garden in Hawaii and decided to take
an active part in establishing such a Garden.
edition of Career Bulletin printed; over 40,000 copies distributed.
President—G. LEDYARD STEBBINS
of $250.00 each from the Brooklyn Botanic Garden and the New York Botanical
Garden for a five-year period were made available to the Society for presentation
at its annual meetings.
proposed Federation of Plant Science Societies did not materialize owing,
in large measure, to the projected reorganizational plans of the A.I.B.S.
made to incorporate into the Bylaws of the Society the new office of Program
President—CONSTANTINE J. ALEXOPOULOS
decided to publish an inclusive program with the abstracts for publication
in the Journal—this to be sent to all members of the Society.
approved the new Bylaws of the reorganized A.I.B.S. and pledged its continuing
support of that organization.
Society obtained N.S.F. and A.E.C. funds to provide grants for travel
of botanists to the Tenth Inter-national Botanical Congress in Edinburgh.
President—PAUL J. KRAMER
invitation of the Society to the International Botanical Congress to hold
their 1969 meetings in the United States was accepted.
integrated Botanical Program for the A.I.B.S. meetings from the Program.
new Section on the History of Botany established.
to, the future, I would outline these problems:
for revision of the Bylaws so that various botanical disciplines are better
represented on the Council. Invite as voting members to our Council, members
from other botanical or botanically oriented societies (Bryological, Fern,
Genetics, and Evolution).
of the methods whereby officers of the Society are elected.
much more active Membership Committee, with regional subcommittee chairmen.
of an annual or biennial guide to grad-
programs in botany in the United States, along the lines of that published
by the American Chemical Society.
Publication of a more expanded version of the Botanical Programs at the A.I.B.S.
meetings (as a supplement to the American Journal of Botany) to include abstracts
and programs of all the purely botanical groups such as the Bryological Society
and Fern Society. Perhaps this could he handled through the Program Director's
Section of the Botanical
Society of America
the business meeting of the Council, 26 August 1963, Dr. William A. Jensen,
Program Director of the Society, was asked to form a committee to investigate
the possibility and advisability of a new section to be devoted to the history
of botany. The committee, composed of Drs. Arthur W. Galston, Arthur E. Schwarting,
Jerry Stannard, Philip R. White and Conway Zirkle, reported favorably on the
formation of a new section. Bylaws of the proposed section were drawn up by
the committee and submitted to the Council in the form of a motion that the
Council accept the Bylaws and formally create a Historical Section. By the
unanimous vote of the Council, the motion was passed. Thus, at Boulder, Colorado,
23 August 1964, the Historical Section was created. It becomes the tenth section
of the Society.
a business meeting of the Section could not be scheduled in advance of the
Council's action, the Council instructed the above-mentioned committee to
recommend a slate of officers for the first year. The recommendations of the
committee were approved and were accepted by the Council at the same time
as the Section was organized. The officers appointed for the first year are:
Edmund W. Sinnott Vice-Chairman: Conway Zirkle Secretary-Treasurer: Jerry
recommendation was made by the committee for the post of Representative on
the Editorial Board of the American Journal of Botany and temporarily it remains
unfilled). In succeeding years, officers of the Section will be elected in
accordance with the Bylaws presented below.
establishment of the Historical Section represents the convergence of several
different yet related lines of influence. Although there has long been an
interest in the lives and accomplishments of early, particularly American,
botanists, history of botany, as such, as not been prosecuted vigorously in
the United States. Historical papers have appeared only at infrequent intervals
in the section meetings, and as a teaching subject, the history of botany
is almost non-existent. There is, to he certain, a
literature on the history of botany, again with an emphasis in early American
botany, but a high percentage of it has been written by persons untrained
in botany, and often unaware of the problems, techniques, and terminology
of recent developments. While these papers, appearing in a wide range of historical,
literary, and art journals, have undoubtedly called attention to the importance
of an historical approach, botanists have not taken the fullest advantage
of the widespread interest in the history of their own discipline. In Europe,
on the contrary, scholarly historical papers have often been written by botanists
who, utilizing their historical and philological training, have been able
to command a wider field of subject matter. These papers frequently have been
presented at the annual meetings of the various national and local botanical
societies and have been published in botanical journals.
remains a second major influence leading up to the creation of the Section.
This has been the effect, particularly noted since the close of the Second
World War, of the history of science. Along with the history of medicine,
the history of science is a respectable academic discipline, and, as a teaching
subject, it is now presented regularly at many of the major American universities.
The most important consequence of the rise of the history of science, is that
the interdisciplinary approach holds promise for a better understanding of
science for the non-scientist. By the same token, the scientists, in this
case the botanist, can better appreciate some of the cultural and extra-scientific
forces that have shaped botanical research in the past. These varied influences
have produced an environment favorable to an expanded and organized approach
to the oldest of scientific disciplines.
to these stimuli has taken a variety of forms and they can be detected in
numerous ways. There has been a heightened interest by many botanists in a
better understanding of specific details concerning the work of earlier investigators.
In recent years the history of botany has received considerable attention
from several large institutions, scholarly hooks and papers are appearing
at a faster rate than ever before, publishers have announced plans for facsimile
and reprint editions of several of the unobtainable classics, and finally,
steps have been taken to proceed with the frequently postponed and long-awaited
Source Book in the History of Botany. In turn, this has led to a reconsideration
of the role of history in present botanical programs. It was felt by many,
that a wider acquaintance with the more fundamental discoveries in the plant
sciences would benefit teaching and research alike. Though seldom voiced officially,
the desire has of-ten been expressed for the formation of some body or agency
by which history could be placed on an equal footing with the other botanical
disciplines and specialities. Suggestions were received over the past few
years, not all of them practicable, that an instrument be fashioned to provide
an outlet for those botanists whose professional
included an interest in the earlier stages of their own projects.
of the greatest needs in the history of botany is to know what has been written.
This is a difficulty which confronts all of us and it is an obstacle which
cannot be overcome by present search methods and bibliographic tools. Papers,
often of considerable importance, are widely scattered over scores of journals,
not all of which are botanical or even biological publications. The modern
botanist, striving to keep abreast of the literature in his own research areas,
has little time or inclination to search the older, and especially the non-botanical
literature, in the expectation of turning up something of relevance.
Historical Section is an attempt to meet these difficulties and to alleviate
where possible, some of the obstacles. The annual meetings cannot hope to
redress the situation in its entirety. But they will provide a central clearing
house for an exchange of ideas among the historically-minded botanists. Recent
advances in historical studies can be examined and work in progress reported
to a critical audience. But above all else, an outlet is provided for those
who, for whatever reason, are interested in the history of their subject.
the best means of indicating the purpose and scope of the Section is to append
objectives of this section shall be:
To promote general interest and encourage research in the history of botany.
stress the importance of the history of botany in relation to current
and anticipated research trends in botany.
establish closer relations between botanists and historians of science
and medicine engaged in research in or the teaching of the history of
assist in the dissemination of knowledge of the history of botany.
cooperate whenever desirable and possible with other organizations in
achieving these ends, and
arrange whenever feasible a suitable program on subjects dealing with
the history of botany in connection with the annual meetings of the Botanical
Society of America, Inc.
officers shall be a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, a Secretary-Treasurer,
and a Representative on the Editorial Board of the American Journal of
Botany. There shall be an Executive Council which shall include in addition
to these officers, the immediate Past Chair-man. The Secretary-Treasurer
shall serve for a period of three years; the Representative on the Editorial
Board of the American journal of Botany shall be elected for a period
of three years; the other officers shall serve one year. The Vice-Chairman
will succeed to the Chairmanship.
Secretary-Treasurer shall represent the Section on the Council of the
Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Chairman shalt preside at all meetings of the Section, shall appoint all
committees, and shall perform all other functions customary and prescribed
for that office.
annual session shall be held each year and shall be announced in the regular
printed program of the Botanical Society of America, Inc. The officers
of the Section shall be elected at this annual business session.
for office shall be presented by a nominating committee of three, appointed
by the Chairman.
III SPECIAL MEETING
section may arrange special meetings whenever desirable and possible.
ARTICLE IV MEMBERSHIP
Any member in good standing in the Botanical Society of America, Inc. may
become a member of the Section upon notice to the Secretary-Treasurer of the
Section. The Secretary-Treasurer shall maintain the active membership roll
of the Section by circularizing the members listed at least once every three
years regarding their interest in continuing affiliations with the Section.
Section members shall pay no regularly stated dues. Special assessments as
required to defray incidental expenses of the Section over a stipulated period
of time, in no event at a rate to exceed $$r.00 per annum, may be authorized
by vote at the annual session.
ARTICLE V AMENDMENTS
These Bylaws may be amended by a three-quarters vote of those voting members
present at a scheduled business meeting.
the Bylaws indicate, an annual meeting will be held in conjunction with the
meeting of the Society. This Au-gust the Section will hold its first regularly-scheduled
session. Plans are now being made for the program, which is open to any member
of the Society who may wish to present a paper on a historical subject. Those
who desire further information or who wish to submit papers, are advised to
contact the Secretary-Treasurer of the Historical Section as soon as possible.
third international meeting sponsored by UNESCO was held in Sāo Paulo,
Brazil, December 14-18, for the purpose of establishing a Commission to initiate
and carry out a program for a flora of the New World tropics. Representatives
from Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom,
and the United States served as delegates.
ORGANIZATION FOR FLORA NEOTROPICA (O.F.N.) was
by this Commission. It is to be a corporate body with official and legal headquarters
at The New York Botanical Garden. The initial panel of officers is: Dr. Alcides
R. Teixeira, Instituto de Botanica, Sāo Paulo, President; Dr. Joseph
Lanjouw, State University of Utrecht, Netherlands, Vice-President; Dr. Efraim
Hernandez-Xolocotzi, Escuela Nacional de Agricultura de Chapingo, Mexico,
Secretary; Dr. F. Raymond Fosberg, Pacific Vegetation Project, National Research
Council, Washington, D. C., Treasurer; Dr. Bassett Maguire, New York Botanical
Gar-den, Executive Director; Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas, Smithsonian Institution,
Washington, D. C., Scientific Director (higher plants); Dr. Rolf Singer, Universidad
de Buenos Aires, Argentina, Scientific Director (lower plants).
governing Executive Board consists of Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas; Dr. Ram6n Ferreyra,
San Marcos University, Lima, Peru; Dr. F. Raymond Fosberg; Dr. Angel L. Cabrera,
Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina; Dr. Efraim Hernandez-Xolocotzi;
Dr. Bassett Maguire; Dr. Joseph Lanjouw; Sir 'George Taylor, Royal Botanic
Gar-dens, Kew, England; and Dr. Alcides R. Teixeira.
primary object of the Organization for Flora Neotropica will be to prepare
and publish floras in mono-
form for all of the plants of the Western Hemisphere tropics. Monographs will
be prepared for a flora in which the flowering plants, largely woody, comprise
an estimated ioo,000 species. Of non-vascular plants, mosses, lichens, fungi,
algae, there will be represented possibly an additional ioo,000 species. It
is clearly recognized that an undertaking of this scope will require the efforts
of many botanists doing extended field work and intensive library and herbarium
research over a period of many years. Indeed, it is envisioned that the completion
of such a Flora Neotropica will require the coordinated efforts of the world's
leading institutions and the work of generations of their staffs.
Organization for Flora Neotropica may become affiliated with the Association
for Tropical Biology, and the A.T.B. Bulletin may carry notes and discussions
ancillary and peripheral to Flora Neotropica monographs.
one of the host institutions, The New York Botanical Garden will be a base
for the conduct of operational planning and procedures, and a center for the
execution of herbarium research and field work. The University of Buenos Aires
and the Smithsonian Institution will also become centers for the conduct of
scientific research and will play host to the Scientific Directors. Facilities
of all major botanical research institutions will be sought for this program
and cooperation of their staffs is invited. As the organization and operation
of the O.F.N. develop, the botanical public will be kept informed.
Council of the Botanical Society of America, at its recent Colorado meetings,
accepted a proposal from THE
OF TEXAS HISTORY OF SCIENCE COLLECTION
the archival material of the Society be placed on permanent deposit in that
Collection. The archival material includes a complete set of minutes of the
Society from the year 1894 to the present. The University of Texas will microfilm
the entire set of minutes for use by the Secretary of the Society. In addition,
the Secretary can obtain, free of charge, photocopies of selected materials
upon request. All records will be bound and maintained in a fireproof room
under the supervision of a competent librarian.
connection with the above, an inventory was made of the Society's Miscellaneous
Publications. It was found that the following numbers (for the years 1910
to 1927) were missing: 51 through 58, 61, 62, 65, 68, 69, 71, 72, 74, and
77. In the early years, these publications contained the annual program and
oftentimes a list of members. If any members locate any of the missing numbers,
the Secretary would be pleased to add these to the series so that the archival
material might be as complete as possible. Any member who might have additional
archival materials bearing on the development of the Botanical Society of
America, such as old group photographs of the Society, are also urged to send
these to the Secretary for deposition.
Sunday, October 25, the new RESEARCH BUILDING AT THE SANTA BARBARA BOTANIC
GARDEN was officially opened.
facility, a two story structure, is connected by a breeze-way to the Library-Administration
Building, and overlooks the arroyo section of the Garden. There are four laboratories,
three of which are occupied by members of the staff and associates of the
Garden who are doing research in cytology, dendrology, and taxonomy. The four
laboratory, presently uncommitted, is available for visiting investigators.
At the north end of the building there are two offices for members of the
staff and a public information office. The lower level houses shops for garden
maintenance and a room designed specifically for seed storage.
building was constructed with the aid of grants from the National Science
Foundation and the Santa Barbara Foundation as well as with contributions
from individual trustees and friends of the Garden. Botanists interested in
occupying space in the new building while conducting re-search in Southern
California can obtain information by writing to the Director of the Santa
Barbara Botanic Gar-den, Santa Barbara, California.
H. M. LAWRENCE, Director of the Hunt Botanical Library, Pittsburgh has been
elected President of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists for 1965 and
ROBERT K. GODFREY of Florida State University, Tallahassee has been elected
to serve a seven-year term on the Council of the Society. Other officers appointed
by the Council for 1965 are: LAWRENCE R. HECKARD (University of California,
Berkeley), Secretary; RICHARD W. POHL (Iowa State University, Ames), Treasurer;
ROBERT W. LONG (University of South Florida, Tampa), Treasurer-elect.
GEORGE R. COOLEY AWARD OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY
PLANT TAXONOMISTS for meritorious work published on
flora of the Southeastern United States has been given to Ruth S. Breen, Florida
State University, Tallahassee, for her recent book, Mosses of Florida.
Botanical Society of America announces that the
NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN AWARD FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS
OF BOTANY will
made at the meeting of the Society at Urbana, Illinois, in August 1965. The
award is to be made in accordance with the following policies: I. The award
is to be made for contributions to basic botany. 2. Ordinarily, the contribution
receiving the award should be in the form of written material. It may be a
book or a scientific paper. 3. The award should be made to a botanist; he
need not be a member of the Botanical Society of America. 4. The award is
not to be restricted precisely to publications of the year of the award, but
the contribution should be of relatively recent date. The publication or publications
should be new in material or should synthesize old material in a masterful
way. The Awards Committee invites nominations and asks that they, together
with supporting material, be sent to Harold C. Bold, Department of Botany,
University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, by May 15, 1965.
committee on the DARBAKER PRIZE OF THE BOTAN-
SOCIETY OF AMERICA will accept nominations for an award to be announced at
the annual meeting of the Society at Urbana, Illinois, in August 1965. Under
the terms of the bequest, the award is to be made for "meritorious work in
the study of the algae." Persons not members of the Botanical Society are
also eligible for the award. The Committee will base its judgment primarily
on the papers published by the nominee during the last two full calendar years
previous to the closing date for nominations. At present, the award will be
limited to residents of North America. Only papers published in the English
language will be considered. The value of the Prize for 1965 will depend on
the income from the trust fund but is expected to be about $250. Previous
recipients are M. B. Allen, E. Y. Dawson, P. Green, R. Krauss, R. Lewin, J.
Myers, R. Scagel, P. Silva, R. Starr, and J. Stein. Nominations for the 1965
award, accompanied by a statement of the merits of the case and by reprints
of the publications supporting the candidacy, must be received by June 1,
1965, by the Chairman of the Committee, Dr. Paul G. Green, Department of Cytology,
Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire.
new PLANT RESEARCH LABORATORY established at Michigan State University in
conjunction with the Atomic Energy Commission has initiated its research programs
and is inviting applications for graduate study leading toward the Ph.D. degree
and for postdoctoral research associate-ships in various areas of basic plant
science. Graduate degrees will he awarded through the appropriate academic
department of the University. The Laboratory, under the direction of Prof.
Anton Lang, is presently housed in adequate temporary quarters and will move
into its own building in the spring or summer of 1966. Inquiries concerning
the programs of the laboratory should be directed to Dr. Lloyd G. Wilson,
Assistant to the Director, MSU/AEC Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State
University, East Lansing, Michigan 48823. Applications for ad-mission to graduate
study should be addressed to the Director of Admissions, Michigan State University,
East Lansing, Michigan 48823.
Division of Radiation and Organisms of the Smithsonian Institution has been
recently reconstituted as the SMITHSONIAN RADIATION BIOLOGY LABORATORY. Although
established as a division of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the
laboratory functions separately and has achieved prominence as a center for
research in radiation biology. The Laboratory will be an independent unit
re-porting to the Assistant Secretary for Science of the Smithsonian. The
Radiation Biology Laboratory is under Dr. William H. Klein, Director and Dr.
W. Shropshire, Assistant Director. The present staff of 33 consists of senior
level researchers, visiting postdoctoral scientists, graduate students, and
a supporting staff of technicians and engineers.
meetings of the AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF BIoLom-CAL SCIENCES are as follows:
1965, University of Illinois,
August 15–20; 1966, University of Maryland, College Park, August 14–19;
1967, Texas A. & M. College, College Station, tentatively, last week in
August; 1968, Ohio State University, Columbus.
STANLEY A. CAIN, formerly Chairman of the School of Natural Resources at the
University of Michigan, has been appointed Assistant Secretary of the Interior
for Fish and Wildlife by President Lyndon Johnson.
E. LOOMIS, Professor of Plant Physiology at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa,
is spending the year as Visiting Professor of Botany at the University of
North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
EMERITUS H. B. TUKEY of Michigan State University, has been elected a Vice-President
(Foreign Honorary) of the Royal Horticultural Society of England.
of WILLIAM L. STERN as Chairman of the Smithsonian Institution's Department
of Botany, which includes the U.S. National Herbarium, was announced recently.
He succeeds Dr. Jason R. Swallen. DR. TI-IOMAS R. SODERSTROM was appointed
Curator of the Division of Grasses, a position which also was formerly held
by Dr. Swallen.
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology at the University of Maine has appointed
the following as Lecturers in Botany; MRS. WANDA K. FARR of Farr Cytochemical
Laboratory, Camden, Maine; DR. PHILIP R. WHITE, Senior Staff Scientist, Roscoe
B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine; and DR. ALEX Snrco, Forest
Pathologist, U. S. Forest Service, Laconia, New Hampshire.
address changes: AMY J. GILMARTIN from San Diego Natural History Museum to
Department of Botany, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822; ELMAR
E. LEPPIK from Iowa State University to New Crops Research Branch, Plant Industry
Station, Beltsville, Maryland 20705; ALFRED R. LoEBLIcH from University of
California to Department of Marine Biology, Scripps Institute of Oceanography,
La Jolla, California 92038.
FOR RESEARCH MATERIALS
for research purposes: seeds, spores or other propagating material of diploid-polyploid
pairs of species or series of species (mosses, ferns, or higher plants). Long
series, e.g., iX, 2X, 4X, 6X, 8X, 12X, etc., and/or high polyploids (IoX or
above) along with a diploid counterpart would be especially useful. Colchicine-induced
or natural auto-polyploids, along with the parental diploid, would be of great
interest. Haploids are also wanted. We would welcome any material with a somatic
chromosome count over too with or without lower chromosome number material
of the same species or of closely related taxa. Material with chromosome numbers
below 2n=10 is also needed. Anyone having such material is requested to write
stating what is available to: Arnold H. Sparrow, Biology Department, Brookhaven
National Laboratory, Upton, New York.