Plant Science Bulletin archive

Issue: 1987 v33 No 3 FallActions


A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.

THOMAS N. TAYLOR, Editor Department of Botany, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43210 (614) 422-3564

Editorial Board
SHIRLEY GRAHAM Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242
RUDY SCHMID Department of Botany, University of California, Berkeley, California, 94720
HARDY W. ESHBAUGH Department of Botany, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056

The Plant Science Bulletin is published four times a year. Change of address should be sent to the Business Manager, Botanical Society of America, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210.

(ISSN 0032-0919)

November 1987 Volume 33 No. 3


For most of you, payment of your annual BSA dues comes once a year. Some of you pay your next year's dues as soon as you receive your first envelope in the fall (with your August AJB). Some of you pay after you receive your second or third notices (with your October or December AJB's). The remainder of you (not insignificant) wait until after the first of the year or until you start not receiving your issues of AJB for the new year. If the fall into this latter group, please keep reading; otherwise you may turn to other parts of PSB.

If the Treasurer does not receive payment of your dues by December 31, your payment does not get recorded soon enough to stop disruption of your receiving the January issue of AJB. A later payment may even prevent other issues from arriving. This is upsetting to you as well as causing more work for both the Treasurer and Manager of Publications. In addition, the expense of sending back issues to you is very costly to the Society. It is this latter point that has prompted this plea. Therefore, I urge you to make a note to yourself to pay by Dec. 31, at the latest, and place the envelope in a convenient and obvious place. Your conscious effort will save you some unneeded frustrations and the Society money!

Harry T. Horner, Treasurer

Date Change for 1988 Annual Meeting

Please note that the dates for the Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of America to be held at the University of California-Davis have been changed to August 14-18, 1988. The dates listed in the Botanical Society Directory and on the back of the September issues of the AJB are no longer correct.


Jesse M. Greenman Award

The 1987 Jesse M. Greenman Award has been won by Geoffrey A. Levin for his publications "Systematic Foliar Morphology of Phyllanthoideae (Euphorbiacease). I. Conspectus", "Systematic Folair Morphology of Phyllanthoideae (Euphorbiaceae). II. Phenetic Analysis", which appeared in the Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, volume 73, number 1, and "Systematic Foliar Morphology of Phyllanthoideae (Euphorbiaceae). III. Cladistic Analysis", which was published in Systematic Botany, volume 11, number 4. This series of papers is derived from a Ph.D. dissertation from the University of California, Davis, under the direction of Drs. James A. Doyle, Grady L. Webster, and Jack A. Wolfe. Dr. Levin uses a large set of characters (in this case leaf characters) to address questions of systematic relationships and phylogeny at higher taxonomic levels, using the results from both phenetic and cladistic analysis to evaluate a more traditionally classification system, and to identify genera or groups of genera whose position and relationship are not clear and therefore are in need of additional study.

The Award is named for Jesse More Greenman (1867-1951), who was Curator of the Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium from 1919 until 1943. A cash prize of $250 is presented each year by the Garden, recognizing the paper judged best in vascular plant or bryophyte systematics based on a doctoral dissertation that was published during the previous year. Papers published during 1987 are now being considered for the 20th annual award, which will be presented in the summer of 1988. Reprints of such papers should be sent to! Greenman Award Committee, Division of Research, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA. In order to be considered for the 1988 award, reprints must be received by 1 June 1988.


Botanical Awards

The following prizes were awarded at the Dinner for All Botanists given by the Botanical Society of America at the annual meeting of the American Institute of Biological Sciences at Columbus, Ohio, on August 12, 1987.


These awards are made to persons judged to have made outstanding contributions to botanical science. This year three botanists were selected:

Josiah L. Lowe - Exuberant mycologist, top specialist of polypores with classical monographs on Fomes, Poria, and Tyromyces; fiercely dedicated teacher of botany for fifty years.

William Louis Stern - Erudite systematist in wood anatomy of dicotyledons, keen investigator in biology of orchids, superlative teacher, theorist, curator, editor, leader and trustee.

Thomas N. Taylor - Topnotch teacher, author, administrator; already a worldwide leader in pale-botanical research, ranging from spores to cambium and from U.S.A. to Antarctica.


This award is made for meritorious work in the study of microscopical algae. The recipient of the 1987 award is Richard L. Moe for his exceptional contributions to our knowledge of the morphology, taxonomy and phytogeography of Antarctic macroalgae, particularly Rhodophyceae.


This award is made annually for an outstanding recent publication in the field of plant taxonomy, plant ecology, or plant geography. The 1987 award was made to two of the authors of the recently completed Flora of the Great Plains. Dr. Ronald L. McGregor visualized the project more than 40 years ago, collected great numbers of specimens, and wrote a considerable part of the book. Dr. T. M. Berkeley took the major responsibility for organizing and managing the project, and riding herd on authors. He also wrote most of the Asteraceae, as well as some smaller families.


Of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie-Mellon University--This award is used to support travel for dissertation research of a doctoral candidate in systematic botany or horticulture, or the history of the plant sciences. The award for 1987 went to Mr. John Freudenstein, a student of Dr. Jeff J. Doyle at the L. H. Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University. For his dissertation research Mr. Freudenstein has undertaken a systematic revision of the orchid genus Corallorhiza and its allies. The proceeds of the award will help support his travel to Mexico for field research.


This award is given in recognition of the best thesis based on a Ph.D. dissertation concerning the systematics of vascular plants or bryophytes published during the previous year. The 1987 award was presented to Dr. Geoffrey A. Levin on the basis of three papers on the systematic foliar morphology of Phyllantoideae (Euphorbiaceae).


This Award is made annually by the Pteridological Section of the Botanical Society for the best presentation at these meetings. The award recognizes Or. Wherry's long term contribution to the floristics and patterns of evolution of ferns and was made this year to Rodney J. Scott and Leslie G. Hickok of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville for their paper entitled "Genetic analyses of antheridiogen sensitivity in Ceratopteris Richardii."


This award, given for the best student paper presented in the American Bryological and Lichenological sessions, was awarded to Sharon E. Bartholomew of Southern Illinois University for her paper entitled "Apical organization and leaf ontogeny in the hepatic Haplomitrium mnioides.


This award, presented for the best student paper in ecology at the previous annual meeting, was given to Michelle Dudash of the University of Illinois at Chicago for her paper, "The effect of plant size on male and female function in Sabatia angularis, an obligately biennial sand dune species.


This award is given annually by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists for the best paper in plant systematics presented at the annual meetings. This year's award went to Or. Robert Wyatt of the University of Georgia for the paper, "Allopolyploidy in bryophytes: Recurring origins of Plagiomnium medium," co-authored with Ireneusz J. Odrzykosko and Ann Stoneburner.


This award, given for the best contributed paper in paleobotany or palynology presented at the annual meeting, was presented to Wilson A. Taylor of the Ohio State University for his paper, "Evolutionary and developmental significance of megaspore wall ultrastructure."


This award, for the best contributed paper in phytochemistry presented at the annual meeting, was awarded to Kevin C. Spencer of the University of Illinois at Chicago for his paper, "Biochemical mode of action of toxic Passiflora glycosides."


Each year, the Physiological Section presents the Li-Cor prize which acknowledges the best presentation made by any student, regardless of subdiscipline, at the annual meeting. The 1987 prize was awarded to Therese M. McClean for her presentation, "Measurement of light within thin sections of plant tissue with fiber optics."


The Genetics Section offers an award for an outstanding contribution presented in the contributed papers section. The 1987 award was made to William Vance Baird of the University of Georgia for "The amplified actin gene family in Petunia, co-authored with M. McClean and R. B. Meagher.


This award is given to the graduate student who presents the outstanding paper in developmental and structural botany during the annual meeting. The award this year went to Pamela K. Diggle of the University of California-Berkeley for her paper, "Sex expression in the amdromonoecious Solanum hirtum: floral morphogenesis and sex determination.

Award of Merit

To Dr. Theodore T. Kozlowski recipient of the Award of Merit, the highest honor the International Society of Arboriculture can bestow, for recognition of outstanding meritorious service in advancing the principles, ideals and practices of arboriculture. Your research findings, reviews and editing of physiological papers, teaching of forest physiology, and sharing of your findings and insights with other is without parallel. Our heartiest thanks and congratulations are yours.

George R. Cooley Award

The George R. Cooley Award for 1987 was presented to Robert Wyatt of the University of Georgia, Athens, for his paper co-authored with Ireneusz J. Odrzykoski and Ann Stoneburner entitled "Allopolyploidy in bryophytes: recurring origins of Plagimonium medium." The award is given annually by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists for the outstanding contributed paper in plant systematics presented at the annual meeting.


Asa Gray Award

The fourth Asa Gray Award was presented to Reed C. Rollins of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Asa Gray Award is given by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists to honor an individual for outstanding accomplishments pertinent to the goals of the Society." The award has been presented to Rogers McVaugh at the 1984 meeting, Arthur Cronquist at the 1985 meeting, and Lincoln Constance at the 1986 meeting.

John S. Song Foundation Award for Graduate Students in Plant Tissue Culture

The purpose of the John S. Song Award is to promote graduate student participation at the TCA Annual Meeting. The award will cover travel and a per diem for one or more students attending the Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, June 12-15 and presenting a paper. Eligibility requirements are that the student must be conducting plant cell biology related research and submit an abstract to be presented orally or as a poster. The student must also submit a one page resume of professional training and publications; a letter of recommendation from their research adviser; and an estimate of travel expenses. The deadline for application is the same as for TCA abstracts. Submissions will be evaluated by the John S. Song Award Committee. Applications for 1988 should be sent to: Dr. Dennis J. Gray, Song Award Committee Chair, Central Florida Research and Education Center, 5336 University Ave., Leesburg, FL 32748.

Library Receives Grant from Department of Education

The Missouri Botanical Garden's library has been awarded a grant from the United States Department of Education to continue its ongoing project of reclassifying and recataloging its collections into an automated cataloging database (OCLC).

The grant award of $250,000 for OCLC entry will be shared with the New York Botanical Garden. The Missouri Botanical Garden's share is $108,750. The facilities boast two of the nation's most comprehensive botanical libraries.

Effective from January 1, 1988 to December 31, 1988, the grant award enables the continuation of the project that began in October 1978. Estimated completion of the project is 1990. The Department of Education had previously awarded the Garden and OCLC grant of $104,370 for the period of October 1, 1986 to December 31, 1987.

The continued entry of the libraries' holdings into OCLC is significant due to the over 6,000 OCLC participating libraries that possess terminals and rely heavily on access to the data. It is estimated that the two libraries hold more than 80 percent of the world's printed literature on the following: plant systematics, plant distribution and floristic studies; plant identification; history of botany and horticulture; herbal literature; pre-Linnean botany; and the biographies and bibliographies of botanists, plant explorers and horticulturists. The libraries also hold more than 65 percent of the world's significant published literature in other areas of botanical and horticultural science and gardening.

The Missouri Botanical Garden's library got its start in 1857 when Garden founder Henry Shaw had his scientific adviser, George Engelmann, purchase books in Europe. The depth and importance of the collection today is the result of the strong foundation established during its early history, as well as the ongoing commitment to collect the taxonomic botanical literature on a worldwide, comprehensive basis.

In addition to general book and journal collections of more than 90,000 volumes, other aspects of the library include a rare book collection, conservation center and archives.

Botanical Society of America Merit Awards

Nominations are solicited for Botanical Society of America Merit Awards. Each year the society honors persons judged to be outstanding plant scientists based on very strong records in research, teaching and service. Nominations should be sent by February 1, 1988 to: Dr. T. T. Kozlowski, Adjunct Professor, Environmental Studies Program, University of California, Phelps Hall - 3rd Floor, Santa Barbara, California 93106.

Thanks to Volunteers

The teaching section of the Botanical Society of America wishes to thank the following people for volunteering their time and efforts at the BSA Exhibit Booth at the 38th Annual AIBS meetings at Ohio State University: M. Alfieri, J. Balling, C. Baskin, L. Crockett, J. Curtis, J. Dettloff, D. Dilcher, R. Evert, H. Horner, J. Jernsted, L. Kass, M. Laverde, N. Lersten, C. Long, J. Mullins, J. Novak, E. Rudolph, B. Saigo, D. Southworth, R. Stuckey, M. Sundberg, G. Uno.

We plan to have a booth at the 39th Annual Meeting in Davis. Please contact Jeanette Mullins, California University of Pennsylvania or John Novak, Eastern Michigan University, if you will be able to volunteer to work at the BSA Exhibit book or if you wish to display or exhibit materials at the Booth.

Call for Nominations

The Corresponding Members Committee of the Society invites nominations for Corresponding Members. Corresponding Members are distinguished senior scientists who have made outstanding contributions to plant science and who live and work outside the United States of America. Nominations should be accompanies by documentation and five to eight letters of support. Nominations should be submitted by February 1, 1988, to the committee chair: Ray F. Evert, Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.

Election of BSA Corresponding Members

At the Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of America in August, four persons were elected as Corresponding Members. Corresponding Members are distinguished senior scientists who have made outstanding contribution to plant science and who live and work outside of the United States. The number of such members is limited to fifty living persons. Those elected at the 1987 Annual Meeting were:

William G. Chaloner - William Chaloner is the Head of the School of Life Sciences, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London, at Egham, Surrey. His contributions to botany, particularly paleobotany and palynology, are substantial. He reviewed the fossil lycopods in a 367-page report in 1967 and edited the 1,000-page "Fossil Plants of the Carboniferous of Great Britain." He has published a number of now "classic" papers in palynology and for his spectacular work in that field was awarded the medal for scientific excellence by the American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologits. Chaloner has made distinguished contributions to paleobotanical fields other than palynology and has worked with megafossils as well as spores making timely contributions to material ranging from Devonian to the Mesozoic. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and served as President of the Palaeontological Association in 1977, 1978. He has held numerous other posts including President of the International Organization of Paleobotany and is currently President of the Linnean Society of London.


Robert Hegnauer - Robert Hegnauer is a Professor Emeritus of the University of Leiden. Hegnauer's work on phytochemistry is world-renowned. Not only has he covered the entire field comprehensively in his monumental six-volume "Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen", but he has made substantial contributions to knowledge in specialized areas of alkaloids,glycosinolates, and phenolics. Professor Hegnauer holds several honorary and corresponding memberships, namely, in the American Society of Pharmacognosy, the Society for Medicinal Plant Research, and the German Botanical Society. He is a life member of The Phytochemical Society of Europe and in 1976 he received the Fluck Medal of the Pharmaceutical Institute of the Federal Technical University, Zurich.

Vernon Hilton Heywood - Professor Heywood is currently with the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and has been Professor of Botany and Head of the Department of Botany at the University of Reading. His contributions to plant systematics are formidable. He has co-authored or edited more than 40 book and symposium volumes and published almost 200 papers. He, more than anyone else, has been responsible for the production of the stupendous botanical compendium, "Flora Europaea." His graduate-level textbook in systematic botany has had a profound influence on several academic generations of students. His book, "Flowering Plants of the World," is a most successful melding of the fields of scholarship and general interest into a popular anthology. He has received numerous honors in recognition of his contributions among which are corresponding membership in the Royal Netherlands Botanical Society and Bavarian Botanical Society; Councellor of Honour, Spanish National Research Council; and Chief Scientific Adviser, Maracaibo Botanic Garden, VENEZUELA.

Carlos Ochoa Nieves - Dr. Ochoa is currently principal professor at the Agrarian University la Molina and Head of the Taxonomy Department of the International Potato Center in Lima. He has had extensive international acclaim as a plant breeder and economic botanist, especially working with the white potato. He has many major publications in both english and spanish. In 1962 he published the definitive monograph on the tuber-bearing solanums; the first volume of his noteworthy elaboration of that review is in press. This treatise concerns the biosystematics of the South American tuber-bearing members of Solanum. In recognition of his research and international service on behalf of economic botany and the world's food supply, he has received many awards including the Order of Agricultural Merit as a Knight from the President of Peru, the Diploma of Honor and Gold Medal by the Provincial Council of Cuzco, and honorary membership and merit certificate by the American Potato Association.

Corrections for Revision of BSA Directory Requested

Please check you listing in the BSA Directory. If there is an error in any part of it, please notify Robert Essman, Department of Molecular Genetics, the Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 now, if you have not done so previously, so that your listing will be correct in the new BSA Directory.

Exchange of Back Issues of AJB and PSB

Professor E. Gibbes Patton, Biology Department, Wofford College, Spartanburg, SC 29301, has agreed to serve as a clearing house for persons wishing to donate back issues of the American Journal of Botany and the Plant Science Bulletin and those individuals or organizations that might wish to receive them. Please notify Dr. Gibbes if you have back issues to donate or if you know of a need for back issues.



MICHAEL ANTHONY CICHAN was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania October 28, 1954. He passed away with his wife Paula, and son, David, August 16, 1987 in an airline disaster. Mike received a bachelor of arts degree from LaSalle College in 1976, and moved on to Rutgers University where he studied with Barbara F. Palser, receiving his master of science degree in 1979. The results of this work with Chicorium were presented at state and national meetings, and published in 1982 in the American Journal of Botany. In 1979 he began his doctoral studies at The Ohio State University, and in 1984 was awarded his Ph.D. for his research on vascular cambium and wood development in selected Carboniferous plants. During his years in graduate school Mike was a consistent contributor at state and national meetings, and by the time he received his doctoral degree had more than a dozen solid research publications. During these years he served on a variety of departmental and University committees, belonged to numerous professional organizations including the Botanical Society of America, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Palaeontological, International Association of Wood Anatomists, International Organization of Paleobotany, Torrey Botanical Club, Society of Sigma Xi and Ohio Academy of Science, and participated as a teaching and research assistant. In 1983 he was awarded a Presidential Fellowship to complete his dissertation and a grant from the National Science Foundation. One of Mike's most cherished honors was being awarded the Isabel C. Cookson award in 1983 from the Paleobotanical Section of the Botanical Society of America, an award presented for the most outstanding student contribution at the annual meeting.

At the completion of his doctoral dissertation he accepted a postdoctoral fellowship under the guidance of Charles B. Beck at the University of Michigan. There Mike was able to initiate a series of projects directed at detailing the structure and function of the vascular cambium in Devonian plants, and to begin the difficult task of quantifying models aimed at better understanding secondary tissue production. At that same time he was awarded a very prestigious grant from the National Science Foundation to permit him the opportunity to learn and develop new techniques that he might apply in his ever expanding research program. Using that grant Mike was able to study and collaborate 'with Ray F. Evert at the University of Wisconsin where he became skilled in the use of transmission electron microscopy, and where he initiated a series of studies on cambial derivatives in a number of extant and fossil plants.

In 1986 Mike accepted a position as Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany and Micro-biology at Arizona State University where he taught plant anatomy and paleobotany. He immediately received a three year grant from the National Science Foundation for his research program and continued his high level of research productivity and scholarship. His research program was always innovative, characterized by the utilization of new techniques, new ways of approaching problems in paleobotany and the development of more accurate and incisive methods of understanding growth and development in fossil plants.

The preceding represent but a few facts in the chronology of a youthful, but highly distinguished career. Their inclusion says little about the quality of this human being, about his devotion and love for his family and friends, and the indelible mark he leaves on those of us who counted him as both colleague and friend. Michael Cichan was a private person whose life and ambition centered around his family. He cared about people and their feelings


deeply and many times I saw him embarrassed or uneasy when he received an honor for which his friends and colleagues were also potential recipients. He was both a gentle person and a gentleman. Always thoughtful, quick witted and self-effacing he was a delight just to be around. Regardless of the task, the magnitude of the problem or the difficulty of the solution Mike always maintained the calm sensitive, compassionate demeanor that made him so very special. His colleagues will miss his uncompromising integrity, enthusiasm for research and boundless energy. Willing to listen and discuss your research or talk about some problem, and always there to provide positive support were inherent qualities that made him such a caring individual. I mourn the loss of this gifted, loving person, but I feel truly blessed that I have had him as a friend, and honored that he counted me as a colleague.

Thomas N. Taylor


On the morning of May 30, 1987, Dr. Margaret Young Menzel died after a long illness. Dr. Menzel was active in the Genetics Section of the Botanical Society of America, having served on the Membership Committee, Committee on Section Affairs, and was Secretary-Treasurer from 1983 to 1985.

Born in Kerrville, Texas on June 21, 1924, Dr. Menzel grew up in southern Texas. She graduated magna cum laude from Southwestern University (Texas) in 1944 with majors in both Biology and English. The next year she taught chemistry and microbiology at Lamar College in Beaumont, Texas. Under the direction of Dr. Orland White, she received in 1949 the Ph.D. degree in biology (plant genetics) at the University of Virginia. There she met and married Winston Menzel. Much of her graduate research was conducted at the University of Virginia field station at Blandy Farm. This time was very special to her and friendships made there lasted throughout her life. After graduate school, she held appointments as Instructor of Agronomy, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station, Texas; Research Geneticist, USDA, Tallahassee, Florida; Research Associate, Associate Professor, Professor and University Service Professor, Florida State University, Tallahassee. During her academic career at Florida State she directed the research for 11 Master's theses and 5 doctoral dissertations.

Chromosome structure, meiosis and the evolution of genome non-homology in material ranging from tomatoes and Physalis to schistosomes and clams constituted most of her research. Her intellectual interests, however, were never confined to one thing at a time. She once defended such wide interests by saying that, ..after all, genetics is coextensive with the universe", and the frequent and lively discussions which occurred in her home, in her lab, in the field, or wherever else she happened to be, convinced most people that she was correct. While working on cotton cytogenetics at College Station, Texas she formed a lasting and very productive friendship with Dr. Meta Brown. Of Margaret's 83 scientific papers, 20 list Dr. Brown as coauthor and these papers provide much of our knowledge of cotton cytogenetics and the behavior of translocated chromosomes. Also, because of the translocation stocks established by Menzel and Brown, cotton geneticists can quickly and easily map any mutation to a linkage group in these plants. She and her students made over 60,000 interspecific crosses among members of the genus Hibiscus and the information gained by the study of meiosis in the hybrids allowed her to convincingly trace the spread of the various genomes through what was Gondwanaland, demonstrating that Hibiscus genomes are older than Hibiscus species.

Dr. Menzel was active in many professional societies other than the Botanical Society of America, among them the American Genetic Association, American Society for Cell Biology, Genetics Society of America, and Sigma Xi, the FSU chapter of which she served as President. A major commitment was to the Association of Southeastern Biologists, which she served as Secretary and Vice President, and she was Editor of the A.S.B. Bulletin. She organized a symposium on chromosome structure and function in 1977 and another in 1981'. At her first ASB meeting in 1950 she received the Research Award and at her last meeting in 1985 she received the Meritorious Teaching Award, thus becoming one of only two people ever to receive both of these prestigious ASB honors.

To Margaret, injustice was anathema and was to be corrected, and as a female scientist she had personally felt the sting of gender discrimination.

Probably as a result, she became an activist, especially for women's rights. These activities began with membership in the League of Women Voters and the National Organization for Women (NOW) where she served as the first president of the Tallahassee chapter. She helped organize the state chapter of NOW and served on many local, state and national committees of NOW. In addition, she served as First Vice President of the Florida State chapter of the United Florida Faculties (AFL-CIO) and chaired the state collective bargaining team. She was especially effective in helping to bring about more equitable salaried for female faculty. Active in civic affairs, she served on several city and state committees, roles which were reflected in her memberships in the League of Women Voters, Common Cause, the Urban League, A.C.L.U., Lemoyne Art Foundation and the Methodist Church.

Margaret required the same high standards of her students as she did of herself and considered herself a learner throughout her career. She taught us to think critically about genetics and about life, regardless of our level of experience. Margaret found financial support for her students when none was obvious, stood up for us, and for students who were not her own, when necessary, and taught not only in the classroom but also in the laboratory, fields and at regular sessions in her home. She followed our careers, visiting us, corresponding with us and, as late as March, 1987, pointing out literature we should have known. Her sense of humor, infectious laugh and sometimes irreverent observations about people, institutions and ideas will be missed by all of us.

When, in 1984, Dr. Menzel learned that she had a terminal illness, she called her lab colleagues together, told them that there was work to be done and little time in which to do it. She and her colleagues produced 18 papers during 1985-87 and she, with former students, organized the Boone Chromosome Conference in 1986. She taught us how to think and, in many ways, even in dying, how to live. For this, we shall always be grateful.

Dwayne Wise, Brian Dougherty, Ken Schull

51, curator in the Department of Botany at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, died on September 1 of respiratory failure at the Washington Home.

An internationally known expert in the taxonomy and biology of bamboos, Dr. Soderstrom was the author of nearly 40 papers on the subject. He was the recipient of several honors, including election as a Fellow of the Linnean Society as well as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1984, he was elected an Honorary Associate of the Botanical Society of Brazil.


Dr. Soderstrom recently organized and hosted the First International Symposium on Grass Systematics held during July 1986 at the Smithsonian Institution. A book on the symposium now in the works will carry a memorial frontispiece to Dr. Soderstrom.

In addition to his writings on bamboo, Dr. Soderstrom delivered lectures around the world on the subject. His appearances included the British Museum in London, the International Bamboo Conference in Puerto Rico as the keynote speaker and an invited lecture at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis. He also traveled to Brazil and India to talk about bamboo.

His field studies and collection expeditions took him to such places as Mexico, Arizona, Guyana, Trinidad, Surinam, Costa Rica, China, Indonesia, South Africa and Madagascar. He was born in Chicago and moved to Washington, D.C., in 1960 to become assistant curator at the National Museum of Natural History. In 1962, Dr. Soderstrom became associate curator, and he was selected as a curator of the Department of Botany in 1964.

Dr. Soderstrom received his undergraduate degree from the University of Illinois and his master's and doctoral degrees from Yale University.

He is survived by his mother, Mrs. Albina Soderstrom of Oak Park, Ill., and a sister, Mrs. Bonnie Thompson of Pittsburgh, Pa. A memorial service will be held in Washington, D.C., at a later date.

Professor Emeritus of Botany at The Ohio State University, died on September 25, 1987 at the age of 86. Born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, Professor Meyer spent almost all of his professional career in Columbus at The Ohio State University from which he earned three degrees: B.A. (1921), M.A. (1923), and Ph.D. (1926), and where after two years with the Central States Forest Experiment Station, he worked his way through the academic ranks as Instructor (1928), Assistant Professor (1929), Associate Professor (1934), and Professor (1940), and where he served as Chairman of Botany and Plant Pathology from 1946 to 1966, retiring as Professor Emeritus in 1971. Professor Meyer's research as with the physiology of plants, particularly their water relations, photo-synthesis, mineral nutrition, and photoperiods, on which he published over 30 papers in scientific journals. He was the senior author of a major textbook of plant physiology that appeared in 1939 and was revised in 1952, as well as a lower level text of plant physiology that appeared in 1960, revised in 1972, that was translated into several foreign languages. B. S. Meyer had many graduate student advisees who received 28 doctorates and 44 masters degrees. His professional activities involved service in a number of scientific societies, including serving as vice-president (1940) and president (1943) of the American Society of Plant physiologists, vice-president (1952) of the Botanical Society of America, and vice-president (1961) of the American Institute of Biological Sciences on whose governing board he served from 1946 to 1951. He served as Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Botany and on several editorial boards. In 1959 he was recognized by the Botanical Society of America with its Certificate of Merit for Outstanding Achievement in Botany.

Emanuel D. Rudolph


Ethnobotany Position

Connecticut College seeks applicants for a new appointment in Ethnobotany beginning 1988-1989 to be made jointly by the departments of Anthropology and Botany for an initial term of two years. The successful applicant will add an anthropological perspective to an existing broad program in human ecology. Research interests in tropical environments preferred, but other specialties will be considered. Candidates must have completed the Ph.D. Commitment to teaching and undergraduate research in a liberal arts environment is essential. Appointment is expected to be at the Assistant Professor level. Candidates will be interviewed at the American Anthropological Association meeting in Chicago. Send resume and names of three references by November 15, 1987 to: John W. Burton, Department of Anthropology, Box 1428, Connecticut College, New London, CT 06320. Connecticut College is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer. Women and minorities are strongly encouraged to apply.

Plant Cell Biologist

The Department of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California, Irvine, invites applications for a tenure track position in plant cell biology at the Assistant Professor level. Appropriate research areas are those involving the use of molecular or biochemical approaches to basic questions in cell biology of plants. The successful candidate will be expected to direct a vigorous, independent, extramurally funded research program, to participate in the cell biology graduate training program, and to teach at the undergraduate level. Preference will be given to applicants with postdoctoral experience and an outstanding record of research accomplishments. Applicants for this position should submit their curriculum vitae, reprints of representative papers, descriptions of current and anticipated future research and arrange to have three letters of reference sent to: Chair, Plant Cell Biologist Search Committee, Department of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717. Applications should be received by 1 December 1987. The University of California is an Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action Employer.

Plant Physiological Ecologist

The Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at The University of Connecticut seeks a plant physiological ecologist for a tenure-track position at the Assistant Professor level beginning September 1988. The successful candidate will be expected to teach an advanced course in their area of interest and participate in an undergraduate biology, plant physiology, or ecology course. Applicants should demonstrate a strong research and teaching commitment and preference will be given to individuals whose interests complement those of the faculty. We are casting a broad net in our search for applicants for this position, but we expect individuals to have a broad training in plant physiology and ecology. There are ample opportunities for interaction with faculty in all areas of biology.

Applicants should submit a curriculum vitae, a statement of research interests, reprints, and three letters of reference by December 15, 1987 to John Silander, Chairman of the Plant Physiological Ecology Search Committee, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Box U-42, 76 North Eagleville Road, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268. The University of Connecticut is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.


Department Head--Biology

The Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, seeks to fill the position of Head of the Department. Applications and nominations established scientists with a strong research record are invited; teaching and administrative experience are desirable. The department has 27 faculty members at the University Park campus and 33 at the Commonwealth Campuses. The department head must interact with a variety of departments and with intercollege programs in ecology, genetics, physiology and plant physiology.

Preliminary inquiries encouraged. Candidates should submit curriculum vitae, list of publications, and names, addresses and phone numbers of three references to: Professor Ronald A. Pursell, Chairman of Search Committee, Box 79A, 211 Whitmore Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802. Phone: 814/865-9651. Review to begin in November; closing January 4, 1988, or until suitable candidate is found. Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.


The Department of Biology of Albion College invites applications for a tenure-track position as Assistant Professor to begin August, 1988. Candidates should have a doctoral degree, a broad back-ground in botany and a strong interest in the education of undergraduates. Preference will be given to candidates with demonstrated teaching proficiency. Primary yearly instructional duties will include teaching two advanced courses in botany and participation in introductory biology courses. One of the botany courses will deal with field work and systematic aspects of higher plants. The other will deal with plant development and morphology and include some plant tissue culture. The successful candidate will be expected to supervise undergraduate research in her/his area of expertise. Albion College is a four-year liberal arts institution with an enrollment of 1600 undergraduate students and a strong program in the health sciences. The Biology Department has eight full-time members and is housed in Olin Hall. This 4-year-old building has modern facilities for organismal and cellular biology including a wide range of controlled environment chambers and incubators, freeze-drying equipment, and scanning and transmission electron microscopes. There is access to mini- and micro-computers within the department, the college owns a 130 acre nature center adjacent to the campus, and the department has a 9000 sheet herbarium. Albion College encourages applications from female and minority candidates. To apply, send letter of application, current C.V., transcripts, three or more letters of reference concerning your teaching and research experiences, and any other supporting documents to: Dean G. Dillery, Chair, Department of Biology, Albion College, Albion, MI 49224. Deadline for application is 5 January 1988. Albion College is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Evolutionary Biology - Population Biology

This is a tenure track position at the Assistant Professor level and is a 9 month appointment, Ph.D. required. We seek an individual with research interests in empirical or experimental approaches to understanding plant population structure from an ecological, evolutionary, genetic or molecular perspective. Persons employing modern methods in the study of plant population biology and evolution are encouraged to apply. Persons with postdoctoral experience and/or research and teaching experience as a faculty member will be given preference. It is expected that the successful candidate develop a vigorous, externally-funded research program, direct graduate students, and teach at both the introductory and advanced levels. Salary is negotiable. Send curriculum vita, reprints of publications and the names, addresses and telephone numbers of at least three references by 15 December to: Dr. Daniel J. Crawford, Chair, Department of Botany, The Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1293. The Ohio State University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.

Senior and Postdoctoral Research Associateships

The National Research Council announces the 1988 Resident, Cooperative, and Postdoctoral Research Associateship Programs for research in the sciences and engineering to be conducted in behalf of 28 federal agencies or research institutions, whose laboratories are located through the United States. The programs provide Ph.D. scientists and engineers of unusual promise and ability with opportunities to perform research on problems largely of their own choosing yet compatible with the research interests of the supporting laboratory. Initiated in 1954, the Associateship Programs have contributed to the career development of over 5000 scientists ranging from recent Ph.D. recipients to distinguished senior scientists.

Approximately 450 new full-time Associateships will be awarded on a competitive basis in 1988 for research in: chemistry, earth and atmospheric sciences; engineering and applied sciences; biological, health, behavioral sciences and biotechnology; mathematics; space and planetary sciences; and physics. Most of the programs are open to both U.S. and non-U.S. nationals, and to both recent Ph.D. degree recipients and senior investigators.

Awards are made for one or two years; senior applicants who have held the doctorate at least five years may request shorter tenure. Annual stipends for recent Ph.D.'s, for the 1988 program year will vary from $27,150 to $35,000, depending upon the sponsoring laboratory, and will be appropriately higher for senior Associates.

Reimbursement is provided for allowable relocation costs and for limited professional travel during tenure. The host laboratory provides the Associate with programmatic assistance including facilities, support services, necessary equipment, and travel necessary for the conduct of the approved research program.

Applications to the National Research Council must be postmarked no later than January 15, 1988 (December 15 for NASA), April 15 and August 15, 1988. Initial awards will be announced in March and April (July and November for the two later competitions) followed by awards to alternates later.

Information on specific research opportunities and federal laboratories, as well as application materials, may be obtained from the Associateship Programs, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, GF1 Room 424-D2, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418, (202) 334-2760.


Project on African Agriculture: Crisis and Transformation

A variety of opportunities for African researchers, individually or in teams, and research teams of African and non-African researchers are available from the Project on African Agriculture: Crisis and Transformation, sponsored by the Joint Committee on African Studies of the American Council of Learned Societies and the Social Science Research Council. The Project aims to promote interdisciplinary analysis--particularly involving natural and social scientists--of the agricultural crisis in sub-Saharan Africa. Two cohorts of fellows will be selected in 1988, one in May (application deadline: February 1),


and one in November (application deadline: August 1). Awards for periods of 3-12 months will be granted to support innovative projects involving training and research activities. Interdisciplinary applications are particularly encouraged. Applicants may come from any of three categories: recent graduates (minimum of Master's Degree or equivalent); mid-career scholars at universities or research institutes; professionals in government posts. For additional information write to: Fellowship Program, Project on African Agriculture, Social Science Research Council, 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158 USA. Telephone (212) 661-0280.

Committees for the Botanical Society of America, 1987-1988  

Annual Meeting Committee:

Jerry Baskin, Program Director, and Secretary of each Section.

Archives & History Committee:

Carol Baskin (Chairman) (1988)
Richard Eyde (1990)
Dave Rembert (1988)

Conservation Committee:

Barbara Saigo (Chairman) (1988)
Vicki Funk (1989)
Joe Winstead (1989)
Arthur Gibson (1989)
Susan Kephart (1990)* (Dept. of Biology, Williamette University, Salem, OR 97301)

Corresponding Members Committee:

Ray F. Evert (Chairman) (1990)*
Mildred Mathias (1988)
Williams S. Stern (1989)

Darbaker Prize Committee:

Linda Graham (Chairman) (1989)
Paul Silva (1988)
Michael Wynne (1990)*

Education Committee:

Edith L. Taylor (Chairman) (1989)
James Riopel (1988)
Randy Moore (1988)
Jeanette Mullins (1989)
Frank Alfieri (1990)* (Dept. Biology, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840)
Tom Rost (1990)* (Dept. Botany, University of California, Davis, CA 95616)

Election Committee:

David Biesboer (Chairman) (1988)
Paul Grun (1989)
Douglas E. Soltis (1990)* (Dept. Botany, Washington State University, Pullman. WA 99164)

Membership & Appraisal Committee:

Judy Jernstead (Chairman) (1988)
Melinda Denton (1989)
Richard Primack (1990)
Maud Hinchee (1990)
Michael Christianson (1992)* (Zoecon Corp., 975 California Avenue., Palo Alto, CA 94304)

Merit Award Committee:

Theodore T. Kozlowski (Chairman) (1988)
Barbara Palser (1989)
W. Herb Wagner (1990)*

Pelton Award:

Indra Vasil (Chairman) (1988)
Otto Stein (1989)
Paul Green (1990)*

Esau Award:

Judy Jernstedt (Chairman) (1988)
Jack Fisher (1989)
Nancy Dengler (1990)*

Plant Science Bulletin Editorial Committee:

Thomas Taylor (Editor) (1990)
Shirley Graham (1988)
W. Hardy Eshbaugh (1989)
Rudy Schmid (1992)*

* New Appointees


Evolutionary Trends in Plants (ETP) is a new journal bringing you the best current research in plant evolution, ecology and genetics. A single volume (comprising 2 or 3 parts) will be published each year. In addition to being a top-line academic journal, ETP will also function as an international forum for news, views and general features of interest to those working in the discipline. Members of the editorial board working in the U.S. include H.G. Baker (Berkeley), D.L. Dilcher (Indiana), D.L. Hull (Illinois), G.L. Stebbins (Davis) and T.N. Taylor (Ohio).

Volume 1 of the journal brings you news reports on major research laboratories throughout the world, a special feature on the current status of neo-Darwinism, conference and book reviews, together with research papers and reviews charting major advances across the spectrum of evolutionary studies.

Library subscriptions cost $165 p.a. Personal subscriptions are available at the special rate of just $50 p.a. For further information write to M.S. Nicholls, Evolutionary Trends in Plants Postfach 174, CH-8042 Zurich, Switzerland.


Ecosystem Management

Syracuse, N.Y.--The State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) will host a conference on ecosystem management titled "Rare Species and Significant Habitats" on June 6-9, 1988.

The conference will be held in conjunction with the 15th Annual Natural Areas Conference and the 10th Annual Meeting of the Natural Areas Association. Co-sponsors of the conference include the Natural Areas Association, the New York State Museum, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation divisions of Fish and Wildlife and Lands and Forests, the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, and The Nature Conservancy of New York.

The conference aims to promote sensitive management of rare species and significant habitats through a forum allowing botanists, zoologists, ecologists and natural resource managers to share their research


findings, experiences and viewpoints. The conference will provide a unique opportunity for interaction between scientists and managers through papers, poster sessions, field trips and workshops.

For more information on the conference, contact Dr. Donald J. Leopold, 333 Illick Hall, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.

Evolution, Systematics and Fossil History of the Hamamelidae

University of Reading, U.K., March 23-25, 1988--The objective of this symposium is to present and synthesize data from extant and fossil plants with the aim of interpreting major patterns of evolution in the Hamamelidae: particularly the origin and diversification of the major families (e.g. Betulaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Moraceae). The symposium will assess how the Hamamelidae may be related to other angiosperm subclasses and thus clarify the significance of the group in the radiation of non-Magnoliid dicotyledons. The symposium will also be concerned with the major biological processes that may have interacted with changing edaphic and climatic conditions to influence the evolution of the group. Papers will cover the biology, systematics and fossil history of all families in the subclass.

Proceedings of the Symposium will be published by Oxford University Press in the Systematics Association Special Volume Series.

Further details are available from the organisers: Dr. P. R. Crane, Field Museum of Natural History, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA and Dr. S. Blackmore, British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, England.

International Organization of Plant Biosystematists (IOPB)

An open business meeting of the International Organization of Plant Biosystematistists was held on July 27 during the XIV International Botanical Congress in West Berlin, July 24 - August 1, 1987.

The President (Prof. Krystyna Urbanska, Geobatanisches Institut, Zurich, Switzerland) welcomed those present and told of the continued interest in the activities of IOPB. The members stood for a minute in silence in respect to former President, David Valentine, who died in April 1987. Dr. Urbanska reported that a preprint of the book containing the manuscripts of the invited speakers from the IOPB Symposium "Differentiation Patterns in Higher Plants" which she organized and held at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland, July 13-18, 1986. was on display for viewing at the Academic Press book exhibit, and that she had been informed by Academic Press that the book (K. Urbanska, ed.) would be printed and ready for distribution by the end of August.

Dr. Liv Borgen, Secretary-Treasurer, reported that membership was steadily increasing and that a list of the members would be printed in the next IOPB Newsletter. Membership fees for the three years 1987-1989 (between Symposia and change of Executive) is U.S. $20. New members and renewals of membership may be sent directly to Dr. Liv Borgen (Botanical Garden and Museum, University of Oslo, Trondheimsveien 23 B, 0562 Oslo 5, Norway).

Prof. Krystyna Urbahska, Editor of the IOPB Newsletter, said that issue No. 8 had just been distributed and that anyone with contributions for Newsletter No. 9 should send them to her before November (Dr. K. Urbanska, Geobotanisches Institut, Stiftung Rubel, Zurichbergstrasse 38, CH-8044 Zurich, Switzerland). Lead articles and information from individuals on their research activities (Lab Profiles) would be welcomed. Members of IOPB automatically receive the Newsletter.

Marcia Waterway (McGill University Herbarium), electron scrutineer, reported on the election of members to the Executive and Council as follows: Executive, President: Krystyna Urbanaska - Switzerland, Vice-President and President-Elect: Shoichi Kawano - Japan, Past President: William F. Grant - Canada, and Secretary-Treasurer: Liv Borgen Norway. For the IOPB 1989 Kyoto Symposium: Ichiro Fukuda, ex officio. To the Council: J. F. Bain Canada, Maria A. Cardona - Spain, Jiakuan Chen - China, H. C. M. den Nijs - Netherlands, W. H. Eshbaugh - U.S.A., J. R. Estes - U.S.A., B. Jonsell - Sweden, A .Rousi - Finland, C. J. Webb - New Zealand and Judy West - Australia.

A report of the Organizing Committee preparing for the IOPB 1989 Symposium in Japan was presented by the Chairman, Dr. Schoichi Kawano. Prof. Kawano listed the members of the Organizing Committee and stated that the IOPB 1989 Symposium would be held in Kyoto, July 10-14, 1989 and that there would be an opportunity for field collecting. Those interested in attending or presenting papers at the IOPB Symposium should write to Prof. S. Kawano, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan.

Prof. W. F. Grant, Past President, asked new Council members to help gather research and other information from their country and to send reports on their own laboratory activities "Profiles" for publishing in the Newsletter. The question of the location for the 1992 IOPB symposium was raised. One suggestion was holding the Symposium in the U.S.A. Hardy Eshbaugh stated that he would speak with some American Botanists on this possibility and report to the Executive.

Last year Prof. F. Ehrendorfer (Institut fur Botanik, Vienna) stated that IOPB might sponsor "Workshops on Techniques", such as advances in cytology, electrophoresis, etc., and that he would be willing to hold a one-week workshop on cytological techniques at his Institute. Anyone interested in participating or holding a workshop is requested to write to Prof. W. F. Grant who will try to coordinate such a workshop.

As there was no further business, the President thanked those attending for their participation and expressed her wish to see everyone at the IOPB 1989 Symposium in Kyoto.

Beltsville Symposium XII

The Beltsville Area, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture with the cooperation of Friends of Agricultural Research - Beltsville, Inc., will sponsor the Beltsville Symposium XII entitled "Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation - Global Imperatives", May 9-11, 1988 at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center in Beltsville, Maryland.

In recognition of accelerating threats to biotic diversity, Beltsville Symposium XIII will focus on the needs and opportunities for preservation and utilization of our natural heritage.

The primary purposes of this Symposium are to discuss recent research results and to identify future research needs for diversity and preservation, both in relation to major national and international agricultural issues. Speakers will include leading researchers, policymakers, and other experts from Beltsvill and from around the world. Biotic diversity aspects of the Symposium will include organisms important to agriculture - plants, animals, and microorganisms - and germplasm preservation will emphasize plants.


Discussions will include new technologies, those available and others needed; traditional methodologies that require renewed emphasis and support; and information processing and distribution. Linkages among basic and applied interests, research areas, organizational entities, and national and international concerns will be emphasized. General as well as specific recommendations for emerging research opportunities, approaches, and applications also are objectives of the Symposium.

The 3-day program will consist of 25 invited papers, invited and contributed poster presentations, and demonstrations of computer applications. Visits to specific laboratories and tours of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center and the National Arboretum are scheduled.

For further information please contact either Co-chairmen: Lloyd Knutson, Biosystematics and Beneficial Insects Institute (301-344-3182) or Allan K. Stoner, Plant Genetics and Germplasm Institute (301-344-3234), Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.

Resource Availability and the Structure and Functioning of Tropical Ecosystems

The Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS), a leader in education, research and the wise use of natural resources in the Tropics, was established in 1963 at a meeting held on the Coral Gables campus of the University of Miami. To celebrate the 25th Anniversary of this event, a major symposium devoted to better understanding tropical ecosystems will be held June 5-12, 1988 at OTS's birthplace and in Costa Rica.

The Symposium is designed to present a review of our present knowledge of tropical ecosystems and a vision for future research. It will provide a unique opportunity for tropical scientists from throughout the world to present the results of their work and to exchange ideas regarding on-going and future projects. Emphasis throughout the program will be on comparisons among the major tropical regions, Africa, Asia, Australia-New Guinea and the Neotropics). In addition, challenges being produced by development schemes in agriculture and forestry aimed at sustain-able use of tropical systems worldwide, will be addressed.

For further information on this exciting and significant event please contact: Jay M. Savage, Chairman, OTS Silver Anniversary Symposium, Department of Biology, University of Miami, P.O. Box 249118, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA.

Brandywine Valley Gardens Conference

A major three-day conference on the gardens of the historic Brandywine Valley near Philadelphia has been scheduled for May 4-6, 1988. The first-ever symposium, expected to attract landscape historians and garden enthusiasts from across the country, will address the past, present, and future of the unique enclave of gardens, museums, and estates clustered along a 10-mile stretch of the Brandywine River from Wilmington, Delaware, north into nearby Pennsylvania. Participating organizations are Hagley Museum and Library, Longwood Gardens, Mt. Cuba Center for the Study of Piedmont Flora, Nemours Mansion and Gardens, Rockwood Museum, and Winterthur Museum and Gardens. Registration information may be obtained by contacting Philip Correll, Landscape Curator, Hagley Museum and Library, P.O. Box 3630, Wilmington DE 19807 (telephone 302-658-2400).

The Brandywine Valley contains one of the greatest concentrations of historic country estates and gardens to be found anywhere in the United States. Created largely by members of the du Pont family, these "country places" have influenced the artistic, historic, economic, and social heritage of the region for nearly 200 years. As a group, the gardens are representative of the entire history of American horticulture and garden design; such gardens as Longwood and Winterthur are widely recognized as among the worlds leading horticultural institutions. Stylistically, the various gardens include nearly all the major Western traditions of landscape design with examples of classical, Italian Renaissance, French, English, and American styles.

For this conference, the Brandywine Valley Gardens have banded together in an effort to interpret their horticultural heritage of the past 200 years, record the region's contributions to the country at large, and plan for the future roles the institutions will play in the American experience. Although small-scale efforts have been made in the past by individual gardens to document this significance, there has been no attempt until now to understand the collective humanistic issues that have resulted in the Valley's world-class attractions that are visited by nearly 1,500,000 people each year. It is hoped that the conference will focus attention on preservation and conservation of historic landscapes.

The symposium will include not only illustrated presentations by recognized authorities but also special private tours to visit many of the gardens under discussion. A highlight will be a banquet in the conservatories at Longwood Gardens, followed by a private display of Longwood's illuminated fountains.

Post-conference opportunities include Wilmington Garden Day on May 7 and the Winterthur Point-to-Point horse races on May 8, 1988.


In an effort to undo three centuries of deforestation, the Costa Rican government has announced that it will match every dollar raised by University of Pennsylvania tropical biologist Dr. Daniel Janzen for a 200,000 acre man-made tropical forest called the Guancaste National Park.

The matching funds will automatically double the existing conservation fund and help to endow the park, insuring its long-term development.

The endowment is being developed through a unique debt purchase arrangement in which the Costa Rican government uses the money raised to settle some of its debt to U.S. banks in exchange for high-yield bonds of twice the value of the donations. The bonds underwrite the purchase of new land, the upkeep of the existing park and educational programs. The agreement benefits the Costa Rican government, the conservationists, the American banks and the landowners.

The area Janzen is trying to save is the once-profitable stretch of land along the northwest coast of Costa Rica. The land was originally tropical dry forest until the 1600s when ranchers and farmers started setting fires to the woodlands to convert it to farm land and pasture. Janzen has been working with the Costa Rican government and the Nature Conservance International Program to acquire and redevelop the once lush and varied habitat.

"Once of the reasons we have been able to move forward on this project is that the land has been overworked to the point of being useless to the land holders. We are able to buy the land back because nobody else wants it," said Janzen.

So far Janzen has raised nearly half of the money needed to buy the land designated for the man-made forest and has stepped up efforts to raise the remaining $6 million.

One such effort is a tropical summer "clearance sale." Donors interested in being a part of saving this endangered ecosystem can help with a $300 donation that secures two football fields' worth of tropical forest.


Each tax-deductible gift supports an assortment of exotic flora and fauna including 200 orchids, 100 vines, 125,000 acorns, 400 dung beetles, a million ants and one hundredth of a white-lipped peccary, a small long-haired wild pig.

"We don't really appreciate the diversity of life in the tropics. Guanacaste National Park has more species of woody plants than the eastern United States," sand Janzen.

The first step for conserving the area was to ban hunting and to prohibit the deliberate fires set by farmers and ranchers to level forest growth.

The tropical forest could eventually be restored simply by enforcing these rules, Janzen says. But to expedite the reforestation, Janzen has planted indigenous seed-bearing trees that attract animals who then eat the seeds and scatter them with their droppings.

"To a tourist, Guancaste will look like a real tropical forest in 20 years. But to restore this area to its original splendor will take a thousand years," said Janzen.

The money raised also supports a unique education-al program which will begin this spring. Students ages six to 13 will be bussed from school to the park for hands-on natural history classes.

Now an official part of the state school curriculum, the program is designed to teach children the intricacies of the tropical ecosystem by doing. The students spend the day in the park working with a biologist.

"We feel that by teaching natural history, these students will have a much stronger sense of the environmental issues than by simply being told what the issues are," said Janzen.

In 1983, Janzen was awarded the prestigious Crawford Prize by the Swedish Academy of Sciences. He used part of the $100,000 award money to bring electricity to the park's administrative area and to buy more of the privately-owned land.

The list of donors to the fund spans the globe. Individuals interested in contributing make their tax-deductible donations to Nature Conservancy-Guanacaste Fund, 1735 Mass. Ave. SW, Washington, DC 20036. Telephone inquiries may be directed to the fund at (202) 483-0231.


Biological Conservation Newsletter

The IUCN Botanic Gardens Conservation Secretariat has been established at the Botanic Gardens at Kew, taking over and expanding the responsibilities of the Botanic Conservation Coordinating Body. It will focus on the ex situ conservation of rare and threatened plants in botanic gardens by organizing individual gardens into a network. Membership is open to any botanic garden, arboretum or relevant institution. For information write: Botanic Gardens Conservation Secretariat, c/o The Herbarium, Royal Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE England.

La Selva, a new tourist lodge in Amazonian Ecuador, welcomes scientists and conservationists interested in tropical research. For information write: La Selva, 6 de Diciembre, 2520 y Orellana, Sexto Piso-Edificio Alvarez, Quito, Ecuador.

Vida Silvestre Neotropical is a new journal on wildlife research and management in the Neotropics with articles in Spanish, Portuguese and/or English. For subscription information or manuscript submission guidelines write: Curtis Freese, Co-Editor, Vida Silvestre Neotropical, World Wildlife Fund, 1255 23rd St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037.

The World Wildlife Fund US also has a new newsletter, Tropical Forest Conservation. For information write: Jane Macknight, World Wildlife Fund US, 1225 23rd St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037.

SI/MAB Biological Diversity Program

The Smithsonian Institution and the Man and the Biosphere have formed a SI/MAB Biological Diversity Program to define and to solve problems linked with the loss of biological diversity in developing tropical countries. Projects include a data base network of biological diversity and natural resources; education and training; coordinating research projects; and internationally informing scientists of the research being done. For information write: Dr. Fransisco Gomez-Dallmeier, Program Manager, Smithsonian/MAB Biological Diversity Program, Smithsonian Institution, 1100 Jefferson Drive, S.W., International Center 3123, Washington, D.C. 20560.

Society for Conservation Biology

The Society for Conservation Biology is publishing the Journal Conservation Biology with the purpose of promoting scientific study on biological diversity. For information write: Dr. Peter Bussard, Department of Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717.


Brazil may lose funding from the World Bank, Japan and the European Coal and Steel Community as it plans to build a highway through Acre, a western amazon state. The Inter-American Development Bank IADB is asking Brazil for information to determine if funds should be frozen due to failure to protect the amazonian rainforest and its "native people.

Communicated by V. Funk.


Blackmore, S. and I. K.Ferguson, eds. Pollen and Spores-Form and Function. Linnean Society, Academic Press. 1986. xvi + 443 pp., illus. SBN 0-12-103460-7.

Fifty palynologists from 13 countries have attempted to address the question of the relationship between form and function in the pollen grain and spore. Presented papers include experimental evidence for specific aspects of function, ontogenetic studies of pollen walls, the analysis of harmomegathic functions (pollen shape/volume changes accompanying degrees of hydration) and the function of the pollen exine in pollination. Both fossil and extant forms are included in the assessment of form and function.

The diverse approaches to the study of pollen/ spore function and form presented in this volume emphasize the multifaceted complex nature of the pollen grain. Direct relationships between form/ function are clearly presented in papers dealing with compound pollen (Knox and McConcie) and pollen-connecting threads (Hesse). Theoretically interesting, if a bit more indirect and deductive, are the form/function studies of fossil forms (Taylor and Zavada, Batten). For the palynologist, the symposium offers an awareness of the importance of the hylo-


genetic history to the understanding of structure, function and adaptation. Papers by Kress on exineless Heliconia pollen and the review of wind pollination (Crane) particularly address this question.

Unfortunately, several features of POLLEN AND SPORES Form and Function detract from the overall strength of this volume. A number of articles are strictly descriptive of either pollen morphology or pollen techniques and never really address the questions of form and function. Other authors consider the form/function relationship only by a "stretching" of their interpretation; the result is piecemeal discussion. The topic of harmomegathy is endlessly discussed often with little new insight. In contrast, spore form and function is substantially dealt with in only one paper. The table of contents appears to have no organizing principle and one paper listed in the table does not appear having been published in its entirety in another journal. Lastly, a single article published in French is out of conformity with the remainder of the volume.

Despite these shortcomings, this volume remains a must for the palynologist. Though expensive, this collection provides important data synthesis in several areas coupled with recent literature reviews. Publication of the poster sessions at the end of the volume is a valuable addition.

Sylvia Feuer Department of Biology DePaul University


Burkhardt, Frederick and Sydney Smith, editors. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 1, 1821-1835. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, etc., 1985. XXXII + 702 pp., illus. ISBN 0-521-25587-2.

Charles Darwin's life never ceases to fascinate people. He himself wrote a short autobiography, and many others have written, and continue to write, his biography. His notebooks and other manuscripts have been published, and years ago his son edited two sets of volumes of his letters. Why then yet another contribution to Darwiniana? The editors of this volume have taken great care in gathering all available letters and presenting them in their entirety with critical scholarly machinery. These contemporary letters, in chronological order, to and from Charles Darwin, and some about him, provide a fresh, immediate, and uninterpreted view that is unsurpassed anywhere. This first volume includes letters through the year of his return from the voyage on the Beagle. The previously published volumes of letters were less complete lacking those to Darwin, and some were heavily edited to leave out personal matters. In the present volume, all of the family matters and personal problems are there as well as the scientific interests. What emerges from their reading is a comprehensive view of Charles Darwin the person belonging to a particularly society, living at a particular time. For example, the 19-year-old Darwin writes to his second cousin W. D. Fox in 1828: "I am dying by inches from not having any body to talk to about insect..." (p. 56). Two years later he is again writing to his cousin: "I have been seeing a good deal lately of Prof. Henslow; I like him most exceedingly, he is so goodnatured and agreeable." (p. 102). The developing friendship with the minister-botanist Henslow led to Darwin's participation in the Beagle voyage. "What changes I have had: till one to day I was building castles in the air about hunting foxes in Shropshire, now Lamas in S. America." (to J. S. Henslow, 1831, p. 142). "What a glorious day the 4th of November will be to me--[the day the Beagle was to have sailed] My second life will then commence, and it shall be as a birthday for the rest of my life." (to R. FitzRoy, 1831, p. 175). The joys for Darwin of the voyage in its early years are well documented: "I am become quite devoted to Nat. History--You cannot imagine what a fine miserlike pleasure I enjoy, when examining an animal differing widely from any known genus." (to Caroline Darwin, 1832, p. 278). Charles, the son, is constantly apologizing to his father for spending money on the trip, "...I can most conscientiously say, I never spend a dollar, without thinking whether it is worth it. I am sure my Father will not grudge me a little more money than usual,..." (to Caroline Darwin 1835. D. 435). It is interesting that correspondence between father and son are through a third party; there are a few early letters to his father and none from Robert Waring to his son. The exuberance begins to fade in the last part of the voyage when Darwin is anxious to return to England. After all, the trip took two or more years longer than originally planned. Once back, he writes to FitzRoy; "I do assure you I am a very great man at home--the five years voyage has certainly raised me a hundred per cent." (p. 506). The letters show that Darwin spent much of his travel time trying to interpret the geology of areas he visited. He was diligent about collecting animals, particularly insects and birds, however, the plants had lower priority for him because of his lack of background in botany. This he came to regret: "I only wish I had known the Botanists cared so much for specimens and the Zoologists so little; the proportional number of specimens in the two branches should have had a very different appearance." (to J. S. Henslow, 1836, p. 513). Other scholarly tools are provided in addition to the actual letters and their footnotes: introductory materials; a table of family relationships; a chronology; a biographical register and index of correspondents; a bibliography of books mentioned in the letters; a discussion of Darwin's Beagle records; lists of persons and books on board the Beagle; Darwin's early notes on coral reef formation; and a detailed index. This volume is a substantial contribution for understanding Darwin and his times, future volumes will add further insights.

Emanuel D. Rudolph Department of Botany Ohio State University


Ahmadjian, V. and. S. Paracer. Symbiosis. University of New England, 3 Lebanon St., Hanover, New Hampshire 03755. 1986. 212 p., Illus. ISBN 0-87451-371-5. Price: $32.50.

Antonelli, P. L. Mathematical Essays on Growth and the Emergence of Form. The University of Nebraska Press, 901 N. 17th Lincoln, NE 68588-0520. 1985. 332 p., Illus. ISBN 0-88864-089-7. Price: $34.95.

Bainbridge, B. W. The Genetics of Microbes. Methuen, Inc., 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001. 1987. 214 p., Illus. ISBN 0-412-01291-X. Price: $49.95 (Cloth), $24.00 (Paper).

Beckman, C. H. The Nature of Wild Diseases of Plants. American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, Minnesota 55121. 1987. 175 p., Illus. ISBN 0-89054-074-8. Price: $34.00.

Benson, A. B., editor. Peter Kalm's Travels in North America: The English Version of 1770. Dover Publications, Inc., 31 East 2nd Street, Mineola, N.Y.11501. 1987. xviii + 820 p. ISBN 0-486-25423-2. Price: $14.95.


Berstein, I. A. and T. Hirone, eds. Processes in Cutaneous Epidermal Differentiation. Praeger Publishers, Div. of Greenwood Press, Inc., Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881. 1987. 392 p., Illus. ISBN 0-275-92406-8, Price: $65.00.

Billing, E. Bacteria as Plant Pathogens. American Society for Microbiology, 1913 I Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006. 1987. viii + 79 p. ISBN 0-914826-95-6. Price: $10.00 for ASM members. $14.00 for nonmembers.

Brown, L. Weeds in Winter. W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 2801 John St., Markham, Ontario L3R 1B4, Canada. 1976. 252 p., Illus., ISBN 0-393-30348-9. Price: None Given.

Burdon, J. L. Diseases and Plant Population Biology. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022. 1987. 208 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-30283-8 (HC), 0-521-31615-4 (PB). Price: $49.50, $19.95.

Chailakhyan, M. Kh. and V. N. Khrianin. Sexuality in Plants and Its Hormonal Regulation. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., .44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491. 1987. 159 p., Illus. ISBNO-387-96488-6. Price: $67.00.

Chase, A. R. Compendium of Ornamental Foliage Plant Disease. American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, Minnesota 55121. 1987. 92 p., Illus. ISBN 0-89054-077-2. Price: $20.00

Christensen, T. Seaweeds of the British Isles, Vol. 4., Natural History Museum Publications, Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD. 1987. 36 p., Illus., ISBN 0-565-00980. Price. 7.50.

Clapham, A. R., T. G. Tutin and D. M. Moore. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022. 1987. xxviii + 668 p. ISBN 0-521-30985-9. Price: $125.00.

Cox, C. B. and P. D. Moore. Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach, 4th Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc., 667 Lytton St., Palo Alto, California 94301. 1985. 272 p., illus. ISBN 0-632-01332-X. Price: $19.00.

Cribb, P. The Genus Paphiopedilum. Timber Press, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, OR 97225. 1987. 222 p. illus. ISBN 0-88192-079-7. Price: $39.95.

Davidson, H., R. Mecklenburg and C. Peterson. Nursery Management. Administration and Culture. 2nd edition. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. 1988. xvi + 413 p. illus. ISBN 0-13-627382-3. Price: None given.

Fiechter, A., Ed. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology (N. 34). Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, N.J. 07094-2491. 1987, 175 p., illus. ISBN 3-540-17626-8 and 0-387-17626-8 Price: $71.50.

Fiechter, A., Ed. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology (N. 35). Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491. 1987. 182 p., illus. ISBN 3-540-17627-6 and 0-387-17627-6. Price: $77.50.

Fitter, A. and D. Attenborough. New Generation Guide to the Wild Flowers of Britain and Northern Europe. University of Texas Press, P.O. Box 7819, Austin, TX 78713. 1987. 320 p., illus. ISBN 0-292-75535-X. Price: $14.95.

Fletcher, R. L. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. 3, Part 1. Natural History Museum Publications, Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD 1987, 359 p., illus. ISBN 0-565-00992-3. Price: 30.00. Gehu, J.-M. Vegetation et Morphologie. Gebruder Borntraeger, D-1000, Berlin. 1986. 876 p. illus. ISBN 3-443-70002-X. Price: None given.

Graham, V. Growing Succulent Plants. Timber Press, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, Oregon 97225. 1987. 200 p., illus. ISBN 0-88192-036-3. Price: $19.95.

Green, C. E., D. A. Somers, W. P. Hackett and D. D. Biesboer, eds., Plant Tissue and Cell Culture. Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003. 1987. 509 p., illus. ISBN 0-8451-1802-1. Price: None given.

Gupta, A. and R. Udar. Palyno-Taxonomy of Selected Indian Liverworts. J. Cramer, Rd. 1, Box 244, Forestburgh, New York 12777. 1986. 202 p., 59 plates. ISBN 3-443-62003-5. Price: $48.00.

Gutschick, V. P. A Functional Biology of Crop Plants. Timber Press, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, Oregon 97225. 1987. 230 p., illus. ISBN 0-88192- 046-0. Price: $39.95.

Hartman, J. R. Biological and Cultural Tests for Control of Plant Diseases, Vol. 2, 1987. American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, Minnesota 55121. 1987, 80 p.,illus. ISBN 0887- 2236, Price: $18.00.

Haygood, T. M. Henry William Ravenel, 1814-1887. University of Alabama Press, P.O. Box 2877, University of Alabama 35486. 1987. 204 p., illus. ISBN 0-8173-0297-2. Price: $22.95.

Heinz, D. J., Ed. Sugarcane Improvement Through Breeding. Elsevier Science Publishers, P.O. Box 330, 1000 AH Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 1987. 603 p., illus. ISBN 0-444-42769-4. Price: $110.00.

Hill, D. S. Agricultural Insect Pests of Temperature Regions and Their Control. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th St., New York, NY 10022. 1987. 659 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-24013-1. Price: $95.00.

Hoad, G. V., J. R. Lentoh, M. B., Jackson, and R. K. Atkin. Hormone Action in Plant Development: A Critical Appraisal. Butterworth's, 80 Montvale Avenue, Stoneham, MA 02180. 1987. xviii + 315 p. illus. ISBN 0-408-00796-6. Price: $59.95.

Iwatsuki, K., P. H. Raven and W. J. Bock. Modern Aspects of Species. University of Tokyo Press, Distributed by Columbia University Press, 562 W. 113th St., New York, NY 10025. 1987. 240 p., illus. ISBN 0-86008-414-0. Price: $52.50.

Janick, J., ed. Horticultural Reviews. Volume 9. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003. 1987. xiv + 445 p. illus. ISBN 0-442-24377-4. Price: $69.95.


Janick, J., ed. Plant Breeding Reviews. Volume 5. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003. 1987. x + 446 p. illus. ISBN 0-442-24376-6. Price: 62.95.

Jeffrey, D. W. Soil-Plant Relationships--An Ecological Approach. Timber Press, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, Oregon 97225. 1987. 295 p., illus. ISBN 0-88192-071-1 (hardbound), 0-88192-076-2 (paperback). Price: $33.95 (Hdbd) and $26.95 (paper).

Jury, S. L., T. Reynolds, D. F. Cutler and F. J. Evans, eds. The Euphorbiales: Chemistry, Taxonomy and Economic Botany. Academic Press, Orlando, FL 32887. 1987. 326 p. illus. ISBN 0-12-392480-4. Price: $25.00.

Kikkawa, J. and D. J. Anderson, eds. Community Ecology--Pattern and Process. Blackwell Scientific Publications, 667 Lytton Ave., Palo Alto, California 94301. 1986. 432 p., illus. ISBN (Cloth) 0-632-01062-2, (Paper 0-632-01063-0, Price: $50.00 (Cloth) and $29.00 (paper).

Knobloch, I. W., compiler. A Preliminary Verified List of Plant Collectors in Mexico. Michigan State University. Moldencke & Moldenke, 303 Parkside Road, Plainfield, NJ 07060. 1983. iv + 179 p. Price: $15.00.

Kurata, S. Illustrations of Pteridophytes. University of Tokyo Press, Distributed by Columbia University Press, 562, W. 113th St., New York, NY 10025. 1987, 816 p., illus. ISBN 0-86003-407-8. Price: $99.50.

Labeyrie, V., G. Fabres, and D. Lachaise. eds. Insect-Plants: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Insect-Plant Relationships (PAU 1986) Kluwer Academic Publishers Group. Book Review Dept., P.O. Box 989, 3300 AZ Dordrecht. The Netherlands. 1987. xv + 459 p. ISBN 90-6193-642-X. Price: $121.50.

Lelliott, R. A. and D. E. Stead. Methods for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Diseases of Plants. Blackwell Scientific Publications, 667 Lytton Ave., Palo Alto, California 94301. 1987. 216 p., illus. ISBN 0-632- 01233-1. Price: $26.00.

Lemos de Sousa, M. J. and R. H. Wagner, eds. Papers on the Carboniferous of the Iberian Peninsula.
University do Porto, Biblioteca da Faculdade de Ciencias, Praca Gomes Teixeira, 4000 Porto, 1983, 498 p., illus. Price: None given.

Maclntyre, R. J., ed. Molecular Evolutionary Genetics. Plenum Press, New York, 233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013. 1985. 610 p., illus. ISBN 0-306- 42042-2. Price: None given.

Mantell, S. H., J. A. Matthews and R. A. McKee. Principles of Plant Biotechnology. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc., 667 Lytton Ave., Palo Alto, California 94301. 1985. 268 p., Illus., ISBN 0-632-01215-3. Price: None given.

Marachner, H. Mineral Nutrition in Higher Plants. Academic Press, Orlando, FL 32887. 1986. xii + 674 p. ISBN: 012-473540-1. Price: $89.95.

Mitchell, J. D. and S. A. Mori. The Cashew and Its Relatives (Anacardium: Anacardiaceae). Memoirs of the New York Botanist Garden Vol. 42. Scientific Publications Office: The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458. 1987. 76 p., illus. ISBN 0-89327-313-9. Price: $19.95.

Mori, S. A. et al. The Lecythidaceae of a Lowland Newtropical Forest: La Fumee Mountain, French Guiana. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol. 44. Scientific Publications Office, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, 10458. 1987. 190 p., illus. ISBN 0-89327-315-5. Price: $40.05.

Pilbeam, J. Cacti for the Connoisseur: A Guide for Growers and Collectors. Timber Press, Inc,, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, Oregon 97225. 1987. 220 p., illus. ISBN 0-88192-043-6. Price: $44.95.

Pipoly, J. J., III. A Systematic Revision of the Genus Cybianthus Subgenus Grammadenia (Myrsinaceae). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol. 43. Scientific Publications Office, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx,' New York 10458. 1987. 76 p., illus. ISBN 0-89327-314-7. Price: $19.95.

Pocs, T., T. Simon, Z. Tuba and J. Podani, eds. Proceedings of the IAB Conference of Bryoecology. Budapest - Vacratot, Hungary, 5-10 August, 1985. Parts A and B. Akademiai Kiado, H-1361 Budapest, P.O. B. 36, 1987. Part A: xix + 547 p. Part B: x + pp 551-902. ISBN 963-05-4634-5 (Part A) and 963--05-4634-3 (Part B). Price: $89.00.

Prentice I. C. and Van der Maarel, E., eds. Theory and Models in Vegetation Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Book Review Department, P.O. Box 989, 3300 Dordrecht. The Netherlands. 1987. 223 p. ISBN 90-6193-646-2. Price: $122.50.

Ptashne, M. A Genetic Switch. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc. 667 Lytton Ave., Palo Alto, California 94301. 1986. 128 p., illus. ISBN 0-86542-315-6. Price: $19.95.

Ransom, R. and R. J. Matela. Computer Graphics in Biology. Timber Press, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, OR 97225. 1986. 210 p., illus. ISBN 0-921146-05-4. Price: $39.95.

Rentoul, J. N. Growing Orchids: The Specialist Orchid Grower. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon 97225. 1987. xi + 208 p. illus. ISBN 0-88192-085-1. Price: $29.95.

Ricker, R. W. Taxonomy & Biogeography of Macquarie Island Seaweeds. Natural History Museum Publications, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD. 1987. viii + 344 p. illus. ISBN 0-565-00998-2. Price: 40.00.

Rossman, A. Y., M. E. Palm and L. J. Spielman. A. Literature Guide for the Identification of Plant Pathogenic Fungi. American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, Minnesota 55121. 1987. ISBN 0-89054-080-2. 252 p., illus. Price: $24.00

Rudall, Paul. Anatomy of Flowering Plants: An Introductions to Structure and Development. Edward Arnold Publishers, 3 East Read Street, Baltimore, MD 21002. 1987. 80 p., illus. ISBN 0-7131-2950-6. Price: $13.95.

Schloz, H., Ed. Botany in Berlin. Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin. 1987. 288 p., Illus. ISSN 017-4818. Price: None Given.

Schulze, E.-D. and H. Zwolfer, Eds. Potentials and Limitations of Ecosystem Analysis. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, N.J. 07094- 2491. 1987. 435 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-17138-X. Price: $98.00.



Brown, W. H. Introduction to Organic and Biochemis- try. Fourth Ed. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company (Wadsworth Inc.), Belmont CA 94002, 1987. xv + 550 p. illus. ISBN 0-534-07386-7. Price: none given.

Jellis, G. J. and Richardson, D. E. The Production of New Potato Varieties. Technological Advances. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1987. xxx + 357 p. ISBN 0-521-32458-0. Price: $49.50.

Miflin, B. J. Oxford Surveys of Plant Molecular and Cell Biologyo. Volume 3. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. 1987. 477 p. ISBn 0-19-854202-X. Price: $45.00.

Nield, E. W. Drawing and Understanding Fossils: A Theoretical and Practical Guide for Beginners with Self-Assessment. Pergamon Press, Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523. 1987. ix + 134 p. illus. ISBN 0-08-033940-9. Price: $16.95.

Pierik, R. L. M. In Vitro Culture of Higher Plants. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, P.O. Box 989, 3300 AZ Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1987. v + 344 p. illus. ISBN 90- 247-3530-0. Price: $110.00.

Vitt, D. H., Gradstein, S. R. and Iwatsuki, Z. Compendium of Bryology. A World Listing of Herbaria, Collectors, Bryologists and Current Research. Lubrecht & Cramer, RD 1, Box 244, Rte. 42 Forestburgh Rd., Forestburgh, NY 12777, 1985. vii + 355 p. ISBN
3-7682-1434-6. Price: $36.00.

Sethuraj, M.R. and A. S. Raghavendra, eds. Tree Crop Physiology. Elsevier Science Publishers, P.O. Box 1663, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163. 1987. xii + 362 p. ISBN 0-444-42841-0. Price: Df. 200.00.

South, G. R. and I. Tittley. A Check and Distibutional Index of the Benthic Marine Algae of the North Atlantic Ocean. Natural History Museum Publications, Cromwell Rd., London SW7 5BD. 1986. 76 p. ISBN 0-565-01008-5. Price: 9.50.

Stone, A. R. and D. L. Hawksworth, eds. Coevolution and Systematics. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 1986. 147 p., illus. ISBN 0-19-857703-6. Price: $39.95.

Thomas, H. and D. Grierson, eds. Developmental Mutants in Higher Plants. Cambridge University Press, 32 E. 57th Street, New York, NY 10022. 1987. 288 p., Illus. ISBN 0-521-32844-6. Price: $39.50.

Ullrich, et al., ed. Inorganic Nitrogen Metabolism. Springer-Verlag, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491. 1987. 295 p., illus. ISBN 3-540-17532-6 and 0-387-17532-6. Price: $93.10.

Walton, P. D. Principles and Practices of Plant Science. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, 1988. xvi + 439 p. illus. ISBN 0-13-709635-6. Price: $34.00.

Wiese, M. V. Compendium of Wheat Diseases, 2nd Edition. American Phytophatological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, Minnesota 55121. 1987. 1121 p., Illus. ISBN 0-89054-076-4. Price: $20.00.

Wingfield, M. J. Pathogenicity of the Pine Wood Nematode. American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, Minnesota 55121. 1987. 122 p. Illus., ISBN 0-89054-083-7. Price: $21.00.

Winston, M. The Biology of the Honey Bee. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. 1987. viii + 281 p. illus. ISBN 0-674-07408-4. Price: $29.95.

Woodward, F.I. Climate and Plant Distribution. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022. 1987. 174 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-23766-1 (HC), 0-521-28214-4 (PB). Price: $39.50, $14.95.

Zeigler, E., G. D. Farquhar and I. R. Cowan. Stomatal Function. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA 94305-2235. 1987. 503 p., illus. ISBN 0-8047-1347-2. Price: $65.00.


Plant Ecologist-Botanical Garden Director

Effective September 1988, the Department of Biology at Georgia Southern has an Assistant Professor, tenure track position for a plant ecologist with training in vascular plant systematics. Candidates should have a commitment to quality teaching and research, and be qualified to instruct in General Biology, General Botany, and Human Ecology. A completed Ph.D. is required, and postdoctoral experience is preferred. Up to one half time will be allocated for soliciting support and directing the establishment of a seven acre botanical garden. Send a completed application which must be postmarked by 5 January 1988. An application consists of: 1) a letter of application including brief statements of your personal teaching philosophy, research interests, and botanical garden expertise; 2) transcripts of all work; and 3) a curriculum vitae including the names and addresses of three references (reference letters will later be requested from the top candidates). Send to: Botany Search Committee, Department of Biology, Georgia Southern College, Statesboro, GA 30460-8042. Georgia Southern is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer and specifically invites and encourages applications from women and minorities.

Symposium - Experimental Embryogenesis

A symposium entitled, "Experimental Embryo-genesis" will be held on August 16, 1988 at UC Davis as part of the Botanical Society of America program of the Annual AIBS Meeting. Drs. Dan Walker and Michael Christianson have invited platform speakers whose interests range from structural development to molecular controls of development. They are also soliciting contributed papers and posters to accompany the symposium. For more information contact: Dr. Darleen A. DeMason, Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (714/787-3580).


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