Plant Science Bulletin archive

Issue: 1986 v32 No 3 FallActions


A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.

THOMAS N. TAYLOR, Editor, Department of Botany, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus. Ohio 43210 (614) 422-3564

Editorial Board
SHIRLEY GRAHAM, Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242
ROY H. SAIGO, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa 50614
JOHN H. THOMAS, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305

The Plant Science Bulletin is published six times a year, February, April, June, August, October and December. Change of address should be sent to the Business Manager, Botanical Society of America, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210.

(ISSN 0032-0919)

June 1986 Volume 32 No 3


Ms. Joanne Dannenhoffer, Department of Biology, State University of New York, Binghamton, has received one of the year's master's thesis awards in the Life and Health Sciences from the Northeastern Association of Graduate Schools. Ms. Dannenhoffer's thesis "Secondary anatomy of Rellimia thomsonii, an aneurophytalean progymnosperm from the Middle Devonian of New York State, USA," was judged of exceptional quality by a panel of distinguished scholars. Ms. Dannenhoffer, and her adviser, Dr. Patricia M. Bonamo were honored at a recent awards ceremony in Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

Raymond Athey has been honored by the Board of Directors of the Kentucky Academy of Sciences in the form of a special Citizen Scientist Award for his many achievements in the documentation of rare and unusual plants of Kentucky, and for his support of botanical and scientific research.

Peter H. Raven, director for Missouri Botanical (Shaw's) Garden, has been unanimously nominated to receive the prestigious 1986 Hutchinson Medal, the premier award of the Chicago Horticultural Society. Raven will accept the medal during the Horticultural Society's annual awards program June 22 at the Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe, IL.

"I'm deeply grateful to the Chicago Horticultural Society for this honor," said Raven, who was notified of the award by Dr. Roy L. Taylor, director of the Chicago Botanic Garden.

The Hutchinson Medal recognizes an individual who, through great personal effort or sacrifice, has provided outstanding leadership of a professional or scientific nature, thus resulting in the significant presence of gardening or other horticultural progress, either locally or nationally. The medal was created in 1894 and named in honor of Charles Laurence Hutchinson, a patron of the arts and civic leader.

The Hutchinson Medal is one of several awards given at the Chicago Horticultural Society's annual awards pro-gram. The awards committee of the Horticultural Society meet each year to review potential recipients who have made significant contributions in the field of botany and horticulture and to the Chicago Horticultural Society and Chicago Botanic Garden.



Assistant professor. Possible tenure track. To teach General Botany, Plant Taxonomy and/or course in speciality. Responsible for coordination/teaching of General Biology labs. Desire to teach undergraduates at an outstanding institution and in a liberal arts context is primary. Research encouraged; Ph.D. required. Send curriculum vitae, names of three references and letter to: Dr. Gerald Kreider, Chairman; Biology Department, Albright College, P.O. Box 516, Reading, PA 19603. Albright College encourages applications from women and minorities.

Field Taxonomist and Ecologist, Malaysia

The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University is seeking a field taxonomist and ecologist. Strong background in plant taxonomy and preferably field ecology required. Previous experience in tropical Asia desirable. Excellent interpersonal skills a necessity. Under Malaysian direction, serves as field coordinator for plant ecological research project at Pasoh forest, West Malaysia. Overseas day-to-day operations of NSF research grant when co-Principal Investigators are not on-site. Responsible for coordinating the measurement and identification phase of the project, including mapping, data logging, voucher collection and preparation. Coordinates team of technicians and field laborers on day-to-day basis. Appointment for one year, with possible extension up to two years. Salary is $17,000 plus benefits at 21% of salary and living expenses. Starting date from September 1, 1986. Apply to P. S. Ashton, Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, with curriculum vita and three references.

Scholarships in Tropical Botany

The Garden Club of America will give added merit to proposals demonstrating a long term commitment of conservation of tropical forests and intent to work in this area. Two $5000 awards are open to graduate students, deadline is 31 December 1986. Write: Jane MacKnight, Garden Club of America Scholarships in Tropical Botany, World Wildlife Fund, 1255 23rd St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037.


Scholarships in Tropical Botany

The Garden Club of America is offering two $5,000 awards to assist with field work in the area of tropical botany. These awards will be made on a competitive basis to graduate students who will be carrying out field work in the tropics as part of their doctoral dissertation research. The awards will be made on a one-time basis, and applications are due by December 31, 1986. The winners will be announced by March 15, 1987. There is no application form, however students must include the following: 1) a curriculum vitae, including graduate and undergraduate transcripts; 2) evidence of a foreign language capability; 3) a two-page outline of the proposed research; 4) a letter stating his or her plans for the future; and 5) a letter of recommendation from the adviser, which should include an evaluation of the student's progress to date. U.S. Citizenship is not a requirement; however, students must he enrolled in a U.S. university to be eligible for this scholarship. Added merit would be found in a proposal demonstrating a long term commitment to conservation of tropical forests and intent to work in this area. Please mail applications to Ms. Jane C. MacKnight, Garden Club of America Scholar-ships in Tropical Botany, World Wildlife Fund, 1255 23rd Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037.

Endangered Species Act

Congress has once again taken up the Endangered Species Act. Persons interested in keeping up with what is happening should contact Dr. Larry E. Morse, The Nature Conservancy, 1800 N. Kent Street, Arlington, VA 22209.

World Biogeography Files

The Smithsonian Institution has extensive files on biogeography and ecology on a world-wide basis, with emphasis on the tropics, especially on tropical island. There is a preponderance of information on vegetation and floristics, and on coral reefs and atolls. However, there is also substantial information on faunistic biogeography, economic biogeography, physiography and anthropology. The information is not loaned, however, if you wish to find out whether it is worthwhile for you to come and use the files contact Dr. R. A. DeFilipps, Plant Conservation Unit, Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560.


Conservation News

Compiled by the Conservation Committee of the BSA, Chairman, V. A. Funk.

Plants in Danger: What Do We Know?

The Threatened Plants Unit of the IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre has compiled an essential reference tool for botanists and botanical libraries entitled "Plants in Danger: What Do We Known?". This book is a guide to information sources on the conservation of plants, arranged as data sheets for each country of the world. It does not provide data on each of the estimated 25,000 threatened plants, but is an information referral system designed to answer the questions "Where can I find out about the flora of any country, What is known about the threatened species?, Who can I get in touch with for more information?." In particular it includes details of hundreds of national plant lists and also Plant Red Data Books produced by various countries over the last decade. The book will be available soon from UNIPUB, Box 1222, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.

Latin American Botanical Congress

The Fourth Latin American Botanical Congress will be held June 29-July 5 in Medellin, Columbia. There will be a conservation session held in the morning of July 4th, for more information contact - Christina Kirkbride, c/o World Wildlife Fund, 1255 23rd Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037.

National Forum on Biodiversity

A forum on biodiversity jointly sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Academy of Sciences is planned for 21-24 September 1986. Speakers include P. Ehrlich, S. J. Gould, and E. O. Wilson. Admission is free, registration is highly recommended. Write: National Forum on Biodiversity, Directorate of International Activities (SI 302), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560.

Rare and Endangered Plants

The California Native Plant Society along with others is sponsoring a conference on the Conservation and Management of Rare and Endangered Plants. The conference will be held 5-8 November 1986, in Sacramento, California. Write: Dr. Thomas Elias, Program Chairman, Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, 1500 North College Avenue, Claremont, California 91711.

Biological Conservation Newsletter

The Plant Conservation Unit at the Smithsonian Institution produces a newsletter. If you are interested in being put on the mailing list contact Jane Villa-Lobos, Plant Conservation Unit, Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560.

Conservation 86 Newsletter

The National Wildlife Federation produces this newsletter. To be put on the mailing list contact - National Wildlife Federation, 1412 Sixteenth St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036-2266.

AIBS Forum Newsletter

This newsletter covers public issues in the life sciences. If you would like to be put on the mailing list write: AIBS Forum, 730 11th St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001-4584.

Congressional Handbook

The Public Responsibilities Committee of AIBS has compiled a handbook to be used as a guide in communicating with Members of Congress. The handbook contains introductory information on Congressional Communication and lists all members of Congress and their assignments to committees of particular interest to life scientists. The booklet is free to network members and sold for $3.50 to others. If you are interested write: Judith S. Wortman, Public Repsonsibilities Program, 730 11th St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001-4584.

Endangered Species Act Reauthorization Bulletin

A cooperative effort to ensure effective implementation on the endangered species act and to secure the re-authorization of a strong act. Write: Center for Environmental Education, 624 9th St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001.

Anyone with information to contribute should send suitable announcement to V. Funk, Smithsonian Institution NHB 166, Washington, D.C. 20560. Please make sure you have a name and address so that interested people can contact the appropriate person directly.

Journal Available

Dr. Russell B. Stevens has a complete set of the American Journal of Botany that he wishes to donate to an appropriate scientific organization (College, University, etc.). Dr. Stevens can be contacted at: 6657 Sorrell St., McLean, VA 22101.

Devonian Institute

The Devonian Institute has been formed to promote communications among the friends of the Devonian, world-wide. Projects include a news and notes style newsletter to be published ten times per year, publication of a portfolio of maps of the Devonian world, and a transaction exchange group. Please contact Skip Roy, Natural Resources Department, Alaska Pacific University, 4101 University Drive, Anchorage, Alaska 99508. (907) 564-8207.


New Newsletters in Pollination

Pollination Research Newsletter

The Pollination Research Newsletter can be obtained by writing to Dr. Margaret Adey, Director, International Bee Research Association, Hill House, Gerrads Cross, Bucks, SL9 ONR, U.K. or to Dr. Charles Stirton, The Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AE, U.K. The editors, Drs. Adey and Stirton, plan to produce two newsletters per year. A quotation from the Editorial of issue No. 1, serves to illustrate the intent and scope of the publication. "The purpose of this newsletter is to draw all contributing disciplines together and to provide a forum for the exchange of information about current developments in pollination biology and breeding systems in the broadest sense. It is our hope that the contacts and information gained through this newsletter will foster a better liaison between those in pure and applied research. To this end, we hope to establish gradually an international directory and database of researchers and their current projects."

Melissa, the Melittologists' Newsletter

Melissa, the Melittologists' Newsletter is available from the editors, Dr. Ronald J. McGinley, Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institute, NHB-105, Washington, D.C. 20560, U.S.A. or Dr. Charles D. Michener, Entomological Museum, Snow Hall, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, U.S.A. Again, a quotation from the Editorial of issue No. 1 serves to illustrate the intent and scope of the publication. "Like other similar news-letters it will include general news items, individual news reports, collection and collecting reports and recent literature listings. Because Apicultural Abstracts does an excellent job of reviewing recently published bee articles, the literature listing in Melissa will emphasize information on manuscripts in press or review. Melissa will be distributed once or twice a year depending on the amount of support we receive from our colleagues around the world. An International Directory of Bee Biologists will be distributed in March, 1986 with updates and additions provided in future newsletters. The directory will include complete addresses, telephone numbers, summary of individual research interests and listing of research keywords that can be computer searched. Also included will be a listing of those systematists who are willing to identify specified bee taxa."

Most of the first issue of the Pollination Research Newsletter is taken up by a listing f the pollination literature included in Apicultural Abstracts 35(1-3) 1985. Although this is useful, it seems redundant in view of the availability of the information in Apicultural Abstracts. Apicultural Abstracts is a publication which all biologists interested in pollination should consult regularly, but I suspect do not. Perhaps, by drawing attention to the scope of the information included in Apicultural Abstracts, the Newsletter will have drawn attention to the value of the abstracts.

Of particular interest is the call for short notes on the establishment of standards for pollination research (e.g. on standardizing times with respect to dawn and the sun in the first issue) or on useful techniques in pollination research. (Received from Peter G. Kevan, University of Guelph.)

Meeting of Botanical Administrators

The annual meeting of the Council of Chairs of Departments/Programs of Botany/Plant Sciences will be held on Saturday, 18 October 1986 at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Although this meeting is designed primarily for administrators of botanical programs and will feature special presentations and discussions relative to such programs, any professional botanist wishing to attend is welcome. There is no registration fee. If you would like to receive the mailings about this meeting, contact William Louis Culberson, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham NC 27706 (919/684-2048).


CHARLES H. ARNDT, Clemson University, professor of botany emeritus, died February 16, 1986. He was 93. He was a Charter and C. A. Shull Life Member of the American Society of Plant Physiologists. He was also a member of the Botanical Society of America and the American Phytopathological Society. In the latter he served as councilor and for some years as a member of the seed treatment committee. In the Southern Division of the latter society he served as president and for many years as chairman of the seedling disease committee. He was a member of the botanical staff of Clemson University from 1930 to 1957. During this period he published many papers on the physiology and pathology of cotton seedlings that led to a better understanding of their diseases, especially that associated with infection by Colletotrichum gossypii South. He also initiated the interstate plantings of uniformly treated lots of cotton seed of previously determined viability and infestation by fungi that were planted in 9 states to determine the effectiveness of the several treatments in obtaining a stand of seedlings. As a result of these and similar plantings some previously destructive seedling diseases are now a minor factor in cotton production.

CONSTANTINE J. ALEXOPOULOS, University of Texas professor of botany emeritus, died May 15, 1986. He was 79. Alexopoulos was a world authority in mycology. His textbook, Introductory Mycology, is used by universities throughout the world and has been translated into five languages. Alexopoulos came to UT in 1962 from the University of Iowa, where he had been head of the botany department. He retired in 1977. He was former president of the International Mycological Association, the Botanical Society of America and the Mycological Society of America, which presented him with the Distinguished Mycologist Award in 1981. Other organizations of which he was a member include the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the British Mycological Society and the Academy of Athens. The Alexopoulos Prize of the Mycological Society of America is named in his honor. The prize is given yearly to a graduate student who has conducted significant research on slime molds, a group of very simple organisms that have characteristics of both plants and animals. Slime molds were one of Alexopoulos' research interests for many years. Alexopoulos received the Certificate of Merit from the Botanical Society of America, and he had studied at the University of Athens on a Fulbright Research Fellowship.

CLARENCE EGBERT TAFT, Professor Emeritus of Botany at The Ohio State University, Columbus, died on March 31, 1986 at the age of 79. Born November 13, 1906 near Romeo, Michigan, he acquired his life-long interest in botany while a student at Michigan State Normal College, Ypsilanti from which he received a B.A. in 1929. After a masters degree from the University of Oklahoma in 1931 and a doctorate from Ohio State in 1934, with specialization in phycology, he began his long association as teacher and research with Ohio State. His superior teaching ability was recognized by the University with several teaching awards and by his being one of the Outstanding Educators of America in 1973. His research mostly concerned freshwater algae floristics and control of algae in water supply systems, a topic about which he authored a major book. He was active in various scientific societies and held offices as President of the American Microscopical Society, and Vice President of the Limnological Society of America and the Ohio Academy of Science. In his 43 years as a teacher at Ohio State he influenced many undergraduate and graduate students who remember him with deep affection.



Cell Components, 1985, edited by H. F. Linskens and J. F. a Jackson, 399 pp., 96 fig., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, NY, Tokyo ISBN 3-540-15822-7.

This is the first volume in a New Series of Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. The focus is on methods available for the isolation of most components of plant cells. The level of detail is sufficient both to orient the uninitiated and be useful to workers in the field, yet the book is not simply a collection of technical recipes. Each chapter includes a brief review of the structure and function of the component. Methodologies are evaluated with respect to how they advance our understanding of plant cell biology. The authors exhibit a high level of awareness of possible artefacts introduced by the isolation process itself.

Coverage is partly proportional to the success of isolation, e.g. there are 5 chapters on plastids. Most components are discussed (nucleus, plasmalemma, cell wall, endoplasmic reticulum, and microtubules, etc.), but others should have at least been mentioned (peroxisomes, dictyosomes, microfilaments). The rationale for inclusion of one chapter on an enzyme (RuBP Carboxylase) but none directly on nucleic acids or ribosomes etc., was unstated. Presumably future volumes in the series will be more concerned with other macromolecules. In any case, this volume is reasonably current, informative and valuable.

Fred Sack
The Ohio State University

Embryogenesis in Angiosperms: A Developmental and Experimental Study. V. Raghavan. Developmental and Cell Biology Series 17. Cambridge University Press, New York.

The author of the current volume published a treatise on Experimental Embryogenesis in Vascular Plants (Academic Press) in 1976. That volume has become a classic. The clarity of thought, lucid writing style and excellent grasp of the subject displayed so well in the earlier volume are all maintained remarkably well in this slightly abbreviated volume (it does not include much of the pre-1975 literature). In the first two chapters the reader is introduced to the remarkable change in the way embryogenesis is studied now in comparison to earlier years and to the basic phenomena of embryogenesis, including embryo and endosperm development, the latter being necessary for the growth of embryos in situ. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the cellular and biochemical events of embryogenesis. The most critical events occur during the early stages when polarity is established or becomes apparent, and the suspensor reaches its fullest development. Interesting new insights are being obtained of these early stages but much more needs to be done to unravel the mysteries of differentiation. One chapter describes culture of embryos, and control of precocious germination, both with important practical applications. Somatic embryogenesis, perhaps the most valuable and efficient methods for clonal propagation of plants through tissue culture, is described in detail. The last three chapters describe embryogenesis in cultured anthers and microspores to obtain haploid calli and plants, regulation of gene activity and the applied aspects of embryogenesis. The book includes more than 1000 references, which by themselves are a valuable resource. The volume is an important reference work in a field of botany which has both basic as well as applied value. It should greatly help those of us who teach advanced graduate level courses in developmental plant biology, and of course the students who take these courses. It should also greatly assist in demonstrating to our molecularly oriented colleagues that some of the most intriguing problems of developmental biology must first be studied and resolved at the cellular level before attempting molecular dissection. In this age of over specialization when most -- if not all -- books of this nature are multi-authored or edicated volumes, it is refreshing to see that there are still individuals who have that rare insight, detailed knowledge and under-standing of a complex subject to provide us with as stimulating and authoritative account as Raghavan has provided. I read my copy from cover to cover in one day and found it most rewarding. I am sure that many others will share my enthusiasm for this excellent volume.

Indra K. Vasil
University of Florida

Agarwal, V. S. Perspectives in Botanical Museums with Reference to India. Today & Tomorrow's Printers and
Publishers, 24 B/5, Desh Bandhu Gupta Road, New Delhi-110005, 1983. Price: $49.00 (Aspects of the plant sciences as they relate to a broad spectrum of interactions with botanical museums).

Agrawal, D. P., Kusumgar, Sheela and Krishnamurthy, R. V., ed. Climate and Geology of Kashmir and Central Asia The Last Four Million Years. Today & Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, 24B/5, Desh Bandhu Gupta Road, New Delhi-110005, 1985. 200+p., illus. Price: $59.00. (The papers presented at an International Workshop on Late Cenozoic Paleoclimatic changes in India and Central Asia.)

Andersson, F. and Olsson, B., ed. Lake Gardsjon: An Acid Forest Lake and its Catchment Ecological Bulletins 37. Publishing House of the Swedish, Research Councils, P.O. Box 6710, S-113 85 Stockholm, Sweden, 1985. 336 p., illus. ISBN 91-86344-25-0 ISSN 0346-6868. Price: $44.00. (A series of original papers on the acid deposition on soils and water of Lake Gardsjon, on the western coast of Sweden.)

Bajaj, Y. P. S. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry 1: Trees I. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1986. xv + 515 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-15581-3. Price: $110.00. (This volume contains thirty-one chapters on the biotechnology of tree improvement and includes papers that focus on biomass energy production, induction of rooting, production of haploids, nitrogen fixation preservation of pollen and germplasm, tissue culture and micrografting of fruit and forest trees.)

Behnke, H.-Dietmar, Esser, Karl, Kubitzki, Klaus, Runge, Michael, and Ziegler, Huberg, ed. Progress in Botany. Vol. 47. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, N.J. 07094-2491, 1985. xiii + 444 p., illus. ISBN 0-540-15924-X (PBK) 0-387-15924-X (HC). Price: $69.00 (HC).

Bryant, J. A. and Francis D., ed. The Cell Division Cycle in Plants. Society for Experimental Biology, Seminar Series 26. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. ix + 258 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-30046-0. Price $34.50. (A series of
papers presented in 1983 directed at the plant cell cycle, and including papers on DNA replication, biochemistry, and cell cycle control.)

Burgess, Jeremy. An Introduction to Plant Cell Development. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. viii + 246 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-31611-1. Price: $19.95. (A textbook which emphasizes the structural and spatial events that take place during the development of plant cells.)

Chadwick, C. M. and Garrod D. R. Hormones, Receptors and Cellular Interactions on Plants. Intercellular and
Intracellular Communication 1. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1986. xii + 375 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-30426-1. Price: $69.50. (A series of timely papers that deal with the molecular communication in plant cells.)


Curl, A. and Truelove, B. The Rhizosphere Advanced Series in Agricultural Sciences 15. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1986. x + 288 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-15803-0. Price: $83.00 (A comprehensive volume that focuses on all aspects of soil microbiology and plant interactions as they relate to plant growth, plant diseases, and biological control system).

Curtis, Charles H. and Gibson, W. The Book of Topiary. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Inc., Rutland, Vermont 05701, 1986. x + 80 p., ills. ISBN 0-8048-1491-0. Price: $6.50. (A historical view of the gardening practice of shaping hedges, shrubs and trees into shapes and designs.)

Dahlgren, R. M. T., Clifford, H. T. and Yeo, P. F. The Families of the Monocotyledons: Structure Evolution and Taxonomy. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1985. xi + 520 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-13655-X. Price: $98.00. (An integrated classification of the monocotyledons based on extensive character analysis and the construction of evolutionary models ("cladograms").)

Dale, Nancy. Flowering Plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, Coastal and Chaparral Regions of Southern California. Capra Press, P.O. Box 2068, Santa Barbara, CA 93120, 1986. 239 p., illus. ISBN 0-88496-239-3. Price: $15.95. (A handbook containing 249 of the most commonly encountered species of the Santa Monica Mountains, including color photographs, descriptions and the cultural history of certain plants.)

Davies, J. W., ed. Molecular Plant Virology Vol. I, II. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1985. 230 p. (V.I) 229 p. (V. II), illus. ISBN 0-8493-6290-3 (V.I) 0-8493-6291-1 (V. II). Price: $86.00 (ea.). (A two volume work that details the structure and function of plant viruses together with the development and application to physical techniques.)

Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 9. (Edinburgh University Press). Columbia University Press, 562 West 113th Street, New York, NY 10025. 1986. xx + 724 p., illus. ISBN 0-85224-516-5. Price: $125.00. (The final volume of a three part work on an important flora; including the Juncaceae, Cyperaceae and Gramineae).

Dodds, John H., and Roberts, Lorin W. Experiments in Plant Tissue Culture. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, 32 E. 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. xvii + 232 p., illus. SIBN 0-521-30478-4 (NC) 0-521-31516-6 (PBK). Price: $14.95 (PBK).

Dreyer, Peter. A Gardener Touched with Genius: The Life of Luther Burbank; Revised Edition. University of California Press, 2120 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94720, 1986. xiii + 293 p., illus. ISBN 0-520-05116-5. Price: $10.95. (The biography of the fascinating Californian horticulturist Luther Burbank.)

Ellis, R. J., ed. Chloroplast Biogenesis. Society for Experimental Biology-Seminar Series 21. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. xiv + 346 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-24816-7. Price: $70.00. (A series of papers that review current research on the genetics and biochemistry of chloroplast development, with emphasis on the role of light in regulating this process at various points.)

Evans, D. A., Sharp, W. R., and Ammirato, P. V., ed. Handbook of Plant Cell Culture Volume 4: Techniques and Applications. MacMillan Publishing Company, 866 Third Ave., New York, NY 10022, 1986. xii + 698 p., illus. ISBN 0-02-947940-1. Price: $57.00. (Volume 4 in a series that provides state-of-the-art techniques and their application to a wide variety of crop species.)

Forman, Richard T. T., and Godron, Michel. Landscape Ecology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, New Jersey 08873, 1986. xix + 619 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-87037-4. Price: $38.95. (A textbook which brings together a variety of disciplines necessary to understand and deal with changing landscapes through spatial analysis.)

Fowke, L. C., Constabel, F. Plant Protoplasts. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1985. 245 p., illus. ISBN 0-8493-6473-6. Price: $88.00. (A series of papers that underscore the importance of plant protoplasts in basic biological research.)

Gangulee, H. C. Handbook of Indian Mosses. A. A. Balkema Publishers, P. O. Box 230, Accord, MA 02018, 1986. illus. ISBN 90-6191-449-3. Price: $23.00. (A survey of over one hundred Indian bryophytes including detailed descriptions with color plates.)

Gibson, Arthur C. and Nobel, Park S. The Cactus Primer. Harvard University Press, 79 Garden Street, Cambridge, 11A 02138, 1986. vi + 286 p., illus. ISBN 0-674-08990-1. Price: $39.95. (A well illustrated, easy to read volume that synthesizes the last forty years of information on all aspects of cactus biology.)

Goldsworthy, Peter R. and Fisher, N. M., ed. The Physiology of Tropical Field Crops. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, NJ 08873, 1984. xvi + 664 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-10267-9. Price: $91.95. (Nineteen papers that review tropical crops relative to environment, a variety of physiological parameters, growth and development and agronomic practice.)

Goodman, Robert H., Wood, K. R., and Kiraly, Zoltan. The Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Disease. University of Missouri Press, 200 Lewis Hall, Columbia, Missouri 65211, 1986. xi + 433 p., illus. ISBN 0-8262-0349-3. Price: $45.00. (An up-to-date, well prepared volume dealing with the biochemical and physiological aspects of plant pathology.)

Gould, Stephan Jay. The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History. W. W. Norton and company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110, 1985. 476 p., illus. ISBN 0-393-02228-5. Price: $17.95. (A series of essays on facets of natural history.)

Han, Hu and Hongyuan, Yang, ed. Haploids of Higher Plants in vitro. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, N.J. 07094-2491. 1986. xi + 211 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-16003-5. Price: $108.00. (A series of twelve papers that consider the principles and techniques of anther/pollen culture, as well as the culture of unfertilized ovaries and ovules.)

Hebblethwaite, P. D., Heath, M. C. and Dawkins, T. C. K. The Pea Crop: A Basis for Improvement. Butterworth Publishers, 80 Montvale Avenue, Stoneham, MA 02180, 1985. 486 p., illus. ISBN 0-407-00922-1. Price: $135.00. (A series of forty-two papers presented at the University of Nottingham School of Agriculture formulated to discuss research findings as they relate to a wide range of subjects on the commercial per crop of the world.)

Hohn B. and Dennis, E. S., ed. Genetic Flux in Plants. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1985. xii + 253 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-81809-X. Price: $39.00. (A series of eleven chapters that describe change that occur in the genetic material of plants including movement of genetic material from the environment to the plant, between plant organelles and within plant organelles.)


Jones, C. Allan. C4 Grasses and Cereals: Growth, Development, and Stress Response. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, NJ 08873, 1985. xi + 419 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-82409-7. Price: $49.95. (The common patterns of growth, development and stress responses of C4 grasses are presented within the context of an ecologically and physiologically coherent group.)

Jones, Samuel B. and Luchsinger, Arlene E. Plant Systematics. Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020, 1986. xiii 512 p., illus. ISBN 0-07-032796-3. Price: $34.95. (The second edition of a popular text book designed for undergraduate students in plant taxonomy, with additional information on phenetics, cladistics, biogeography and biochemical systematics.)

Keeton, William T. and Gould, James L. Biological Science. Fourth Edition. W. W. Norton and Company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110, 1986. xxiv 1175 p., illus. ISBN 0-393-95385-8. Price: None given. (The fourth edition of a well written, current, and factually sound basic biological sciences text.)

Kershaw, K. A. Physiological Ecology of Lichens. Cambridge Studies in Ecology. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. x 293 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-23925-7. Price: $59.50. (An up-to-date review of the physiological ecology of lichens including processes of nitrogen fixation, photosynthesis and respiration.)

Kucera, L. J., ed. Xylorama Trends in Wood Research. Birkhauser Boston Inc., 380 Green Street, P.O. Box 3005, Cambridge, MA 02139, 1985. 212 p., illus. ISBN 3-7643-1709-4. Price: None given. (A series of research papers in wood science encompassing tree physiology, anatomy, wood chemistry and physics and structural applications.)

Kupchella, Charles E. and Hyland, Margaret C. Environmental Science: Living Within the System of Nature. Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 9 Pond Road, Rockleigh, NJ 07647, 1986. xxi + 589 p., illus. ISBN 0-205-08520-2. Price: None given. (An environmental science text book including the principles of ecology, human needs and ecological perspectives, human impact on the environment and the interface between government, politics, economics and the future of the environment.)

Lacey, John. Trichothecenes and Other Mycotoxins. Proceedings of the International Mycotoxin Symposium, Sydney, Australia, 1984. John Wiley and sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, New Jersey 08873, 1986. xxvi + 571 p.,illus. ISBN 0-471-90751-0. Price: $100.00. (Fifty-one papers that focus on the occurrence and economic significance of mycotoxin research.)

Leshem, Y. Y., Halevy, A. H., and Frenkel, Ch. Processes and Control of Plant Senescence. Developments in Crop Science (8). Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., P.O. Box 1663, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163, 1986. xi + 215 p., illus. ISBN 0-444-42521-7. Price: $64.75. (Basic information underlying processes believed to be involved in plant senescence.)

Lewis, D. H. Storage Carbohydrates in Vascular Plants. Society for Experimental Biology-Seminar Series 19. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. xi + 284 p., illus. ISBN 0-52123698-3. Price: $69.00. (An up-to-date volume on the storage
carbohydrates, starch and sucrose.)

Littler, Mark M. and Littler, Diane S., ed. Handbook of Phycological Methods: Ecological Field Methods: Macroalgae. Sponsored by the Phycological Society of America Inc. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1986. xiii + 617 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-24915-5. Price: $49.50. (The fourth volume in this series that deals with recently developed field-oriented methodologies in marine benthic algal ecology.)

Lobban, Christopher S., Harrison, Paul J., and Dunan, Mary Jo. The Physiological Ecology of Seaweeds. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. vii + 242 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-26508-8. Price: $44.50. (A textbook designed for a one semester course that focuses on the physiology and ecology of seaweeds; excluding phytoplankton.)

Mantell, S. H. and Smith, H., ed. Plant Biotechnology. Society for Experimental Biology-Seminar Series 18. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1984. xii + 334 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-24550-8 (HC), 0-521-28782-0 (PBK). (Fourteen chapters dealing with the manipulation of plant resources in agriculture, forestry and horticulture ranging from the commerical production of mass plant cell culture to the genetic engineering of higher plants.)

Martin, William C. and Hutchins, Charles R. Summer Wildflowers of New Mexico. New Mexico Natural History Series. The Univ. of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM 87131, 1986. v + 318 p., illus. ISBN 0-8263-0860-0 (PBK) 0-8263-0859-7 (HC). Price: $12.95 ($24.95). (A useful with numerous keys, descriptions and illustrations of the major summer-blooming wildflowers of New Mexico.)

McDonald, M. B., and Nelson, C. J., ed. Physiology of Seed Deterioration. CSSA Special Publication Number 11. ASA, CSSA, SSA; 677 South Segoe Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, 1986. xi + 123 p., illus. ISBN 0-89118-522-4.

Price: $18.00. (A review of the factors affecting sed quality, factors of seed maturation environment, storage practices and microorganism influences on seed deterioration.)

Mulcahy, D. L., Mulcahy, G., Bergamini, and Ottaviano, E., ed. Biotechnology and Ecology of Pollen. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1985. xxi + 528 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-96267-0. Price: $46.00. (A series of current papers that address problems associated with the role of pollen in character transmission, together with information on pollen physiology, self incompatibility and its use as a system for genetic transformation.)

Myers, Norman. The Primary Source: Tropical Forests and Our Future. W. W. Norton and Company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110, 1985. xvi + 399 p., illus. ISBN 0-393-30262-8. Price: $8.95. (A well written and highly informative volume on the environmental crisis that is developing because of exploitation of tropical forests.)

Neumann, K.-H., Barz, W. and Reinhard, E., ed. Primary and Secondary Metabolism of Plant Cell Cultures. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1985. x + 377 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-15797-2. Price: $65.00. (A series of thirty-five papers on primary and secondary metabolism, fermentation and cryopreservation and herbicides as they relate to plant cell culture.)

Price, Peter W., Slobodchikoff, C. N. and Gaud, William S., ed. A New Ecology: Novel Approaches to Interactive Systems. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, New Jersey 08873, 1984. x + 515 p. ISBN 0-471-89670-5. Price: $59.95. (The papers presented here represent a part of a conference in which the following ecological themes were discussed: life history strategies, ecology of social behavior; community organization and the relationship between resources and populations.)

Priestley, David A. Seed Aging: Implications for Seed Storage and Persistence in the Soil. Cornell University Press, 124 Roberts Place, Ithaca, New York 14850, 1986. 304 p. ISBN 0-8014-1865-8. Price: $37.50. (A consideration of the deterioration of seeds elucidated primarily from a physiological and biochemical perspective.)


Radford, Albert E. Fundamentals of Plant Systematics. Harper and Row, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022, 1986. xiii + 498 p., illus. ISBN 0-06-045305-2. Price: None given. (A basic textbook that considers the traditional fundamentals of plant systematics.)

Radosevich, Steven R. and Holt, Jodie S. Weed Ecology: Implications for Vegetation Management. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, NJ 08873, 1984. x + 265 p., illus. ISBn 0-471-87674-7. Price: $39.95. (This volume deals with the biology and ecology of weeds and focuses on the interactions between crops and weeds relative to adaptation and management.)

Rao, C. Kamerswara and Pankhurst, R. . A Polyclave to the Monocotyledonous Families of the World: A Computer. Generated Identification Key. British Museum (Natural History) No. 999. Publications, British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell Road, London SW7 580, 1986. 57 p., illus. ISBN 0-565-00999-0. Price: L 9.50. (A data base consisting of 77 morphological characters and geographic distribution of the 69 monocot families utilizing the KEYGEN program in the formulation of polyclaves (card overlay system).

Rasmusson, D.C., ed. Barley. (Number 26 in the series Agronomy) American Society of Agronomy, Crop Sciences Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, Publishers; Madison, Wisconsin 53711, 1985. xiv + 522 p., illus. ISBN 0-89118-085-0. Price: $40.00. (A series of papers that consider the history, distribution, physiology, pest control, malting, marketing and adaptation of Barley.)

Raychaudhuri, S. P. and Verma, J. P., ed. Review of Tropical Plant Pathology. Today & Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, 24 8/5, Desh Bandhu Gupta Road, New Delhi-110005, 1984. vii + 560 p. Price: $79.00. (A series of papers focusing on the diseases of tropical plants and their control.)

Reith, Charles C. and Potter, Loren D., ed. Principles and Methods of Reclamation Science: With Case Studies form the Arid Southwest. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM 87131, 1986. xix + 224 p., illus. ISBN 0-8263-0830-9 (BC), 0-8263-0831-7 (PBK). Price: None given. (A synthesis in reclamation science that utilizes geology, ecology, biology, agronomy and civil engineering in a case study in the San Juan Basin of New Mexico and Colorado.)

Riddle, John M. Dioscorides on Pharmacy and Medicine History of Science Series No. 3. University of Texas Press, P.O. Box 7819, Austin, Texas 78713, 1986. xxviii + 298 p., illus. ISBN 0-292-71544-7." Price: $35.00. (A scholarly volume on the foremost authority on ancient pharmacy and the pivotal role Dioscorides (A.D. 40-80 has played in the history of medicine.)

Risley, Michael S., ed. Chromosome Structure and Function. Van Nostrand Reinhold Advanced Cell Biology Series, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, 1986. ix + 246 p., illus. ISBN 0-442-27638-9. Price: $46.50. (A series of seven papers that provide a summary and critical review of recent research in several major areas of investigation on chromosome structure and function.)

Satija, C. K. and Bir, S. S. Polypodiaceous Ferns of India. Today & Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, 24-B/5, Desh Bandhu Gupta Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi-110005, 1985. vii + 120 p., illus. Price: $19.00. (A catalogue including twenty-four genera and 135 species of polypodiacious ferns recorded from India.)

Sharma, A. K., Mitra, G. C. and Banerjee, Manju, ed. Evolutionary Botany and Biostratigraphy. Today & Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, 24 B/5, Desh Bandhu Gupta Road, New Delhi-110005, 1984. vii + 693 p., illus. Price: $59.00. (A commerative volume of 58 papers on numerous biostratigraphic and evolutionary paleobotanical subjects.)

Stevenson, F. J. Cycles of Soil Carbon Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Micronutrients. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, New Jersey 08873, 1986. xviii + 30 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-82218-3. Price: $54.95. (A volume that details the biochemical cycles in soils including: the balance and environmental aspects of the soil carbon cycle, nitrogen and its impact on the environment, phosphorus, sulphur and micronutrient cycles.)

Stone, Charles P. and Scott, J. Michael, ed. Hawaii's Terrestrial Ecosystems Preservation and Management. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985. xxvii + 584 p. Price: None given. (A series of papers directed at the preservation and management of the terrestrial ecosystem of Hawaii.)

Sze, Philip. A Biology of the Algae. Wm. C. Brown Publishers, 2460 Kerper Ave., Dubuque, IA 52001, 1986. ix + 251 p., illus. ISBN 0-697-00741-3. Price: None given. (An introduction to the algae including a discussion of common characteristics, ecological communities and morphological adaptations.)

Taylor, N. L., ed. Clover Science and Technology. ASA, CSSA, SSSA; 677 South Segoe Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, 1985. xx + 616 p., illus. ISBN 0-89118-083-4. Price: $40.00. (A monograph that provides a summary of the available information on a group of species important to the line stock economy.)

Tiffney, Bruce, ed. Geological Factors and the Evolution of Plants. Yale University Press, 92A Yale Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, 1985. viii + 294 p., illus. ISBN 0-300-03304-4. Price: $25.00. (Eleven papers dealing with various themes all of which focus on the interaction of plants and the geological environmental constraints that were once a part of their existence.)

Tomlinson, P. B. The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge Tropical Biology Series. Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1986. xii + 413 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-25567-8. Price: $69.50. (A thorough examination of the geographical, floristic, architectural, morphological, reproductive and systematics of mangrove species and associations.)

von Keyserlingk, H. C., Jager, A., and von Szczepanski, Ch., ed. Approaches to New Leads for Insecticides. Springer-Verlag Newyork, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus,

N.J. 07094-2491, 1985. xiii + 159 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-15952-5. Price: $31.00. (A series of papers that focus on the biosynthesis of toxic molecules and the interactions with insects.)

Walter, Heinrich. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of the Geo-biosphere. Third, Revised and Enlarged Edition. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094-2491, 1985. xvi + 318 p., illus. ISBN 0-387-13748-3. Price: $17.00. (The revised, third edition of a world-wide survey of ecological events relating to vegetation and its management.)

Withers, Lyndsey A. and Alderson, P. G. Plant Tissue Culture and Its Agricultural Applications. Butterworth Publishers, 80 Montvale Avenue, Stoneham, MA 02180, 1986. xv + 526 p., illus. ISBN 0-407-00921-3. Price: $140.00. (A volume on plant tissue culture techniques that focuses on research progress to date and evaluates the future emphasis necessary in many areas of the discipline.)


Zaitlin, Milton, Day, Peter and Hollaender, Alexander, ed. Biotechnology in Plant Science: Relevance to Agriculture in the Eighties. Academic Press, Inc., Publishers, Orlando, Florida 32887, 1986. xviii + 364 p., illus. ISBN 0-12-775310-9. Price: $59.00. (The published version of a symposium held in 1985 that focused on the genetic and regeneration potential of tissue culture, and the application of molecular tools to make plants more agriculturally useful in resistance selection.)

The following papers have been received from the Agricultural University Wageningen Papers Series:

Bos, J. J. Dracaena in West Africa. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1984. 126 p., illus. ISBN 90-6754-058-7. Price: None given.

de Wilde, J. J. F. E. Studies in Begoniaceae I. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1983. 66 p., illus. ISBN 90-6754-053-6. Price: None given.

de Wilde, J. J. F. E. Studies in Begoniaceae II. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1984. 129 p., illus. ISBN 90-6754-060-9. Price: None given.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. Series of Revisions of Apocynaceae XI-XIII. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1983. 60 p., illus. ISBN 90-6754-05404. Price: None given.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. Series of Revisions of Apocynaceae XVI-SVIII. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1985. 83 p., illus. ISBN 9-6754-064-1. Price: None given.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. Series of Revisions of Apocynaceae XV. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1985. 122 p., illus. ISBN 90-6754-063-3. Price: None given.

Magendans, J. F. C. Anatomy of Vein Endings in Hedera Leaves; Aspects of Ontogeny. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1985. 74 p., illus. ISBN 90-6754-068-4. Price: None given.

Magendans, J. F. C. Anatomy of Vein Endings in Hedera Leaves; Influence of Dry and Wet Conditions. Agricultural University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1983. 34 p., illus. ISBN
90-6754-050-1. Price: None given.

Van der Maesen, L. J. G. Revision of the Genus Pueraria DC. with Some Notes on Teyleria Backer. Agricultural
University Wageningen Papers, P.O. Box 4, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1985. 132 p., illus. ISBN
90-6754-066-8. Price: None given.

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