Plant Science Bulletin archive

Issue: 1986 v32 No 1 SpringActions


A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.

THOMAS N. TAYLOR, Editor, Department of Botany, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus. Ohio 43210 (614) 422-3564

Editorial Board
SHIRLEY GRAHAM, Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242
ROY H. SAIGO, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa 50614
JOHN H. THOMAS, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305

The Plant Science Bulletin is published six times a year, February, April, June, August, October and December. Change of address should be sent to the Business Manager, Botanical Society of America, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210.

(ISSN 0032-0919)

February 1986 Volume 32 No 1

Dear Colleague:

There are a number of changes associated with the Plant Science Bulletin that begin with this issue. A few years ago the Council of the Botanical Society of America suggested that the Bulletin be mailed in the same package with the American Journal of Botany, in part to reduce costs and to eliminate some duplication of effort. This number represents the first issue of the Plant Science Bulletin in which this format has been implemented. The Bulletin will continue to be published with a separate volume and number sequence. In the past the Bulletin was mailed separately and was posted approximately every two months. However, the mailing of the Bulletin will now depend upon when the journal is sent from Allen Press. Well continue to provide copy in approximately two month intervals, however, the actual mailing will be determined by the distribution of the American Journal of Botany.

Of far greater concern to me as editor is the direction in which the Bulletin goes. We will continue to publish six issues per year that will provide a vehicle that will rapidly communicate information to the community of plant biologists. This will include information on professional opportunities, announcements of short courses etc., listing and review of books and notices of awards, etc. However, the Bulletin can, and should include more than these items. In the future I hope that it can be utilized more as a forum for current topics and active discussions that are taking place in the plant sciences. The Bulletin represents an excellent method of communicating with some 4500 persons both directly and indirectly who are associated with all aspects of the plant sciences. There are many current issues of importance that actively involve botanists. Some of these include the changes and trends taking place in undergraduate and graduate education, applications of new techniques in research and shifts in research emphasis, alternative source and shifting levels of research and instructional support, impact of biotechnology, etc. In the months ahead I hope that the membership of the Botanical Society of America will make use of the Plant Science Bulletin as one vehicle in which to comment, debate and discuss these and other issues. I look forward to receiving your news items, discussion and suggestions for and about the Plant Sciences Bulletin.

Thomas N. Taylor Editor


Botanical Society of America Annual Meeting

Plan now to attend the annual meeting of the Botanical Society of America on the campus of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, August 10-14, 1986. Registration and housing materials can be found in the recent issue of Bioscience, or by writing to: American Institute of Biological Sciences, P.O. Box 27417, Central Station, Washington, D.C. 20038.

In addition to contributed papers and posters the following symposia are scheduled:

  • Systematics and Evolution of the Monocotyledons Eastern North American Coastal Heaths
  • Problems in the Evolution and Systematics of Cheilanthoid Ferns
  • Molecular and Genetic Organization of Plant Chromosomes
  • The Spadix
  • Causes and Consequences of Differences in Seed Size Ecology of the Connecticut River Valley
  • Experimental Approaches to the Analysis of Plant Development
  • Theory and Practice in the Developing Natural System, 1760-1900

International Symposium on Grass Systematics

International Symposium on grass systematics and evolution will be held at the Smithsonian Institution July 27-31, 1986. Information may be obtained from the American Institute of Biological Sciences, P.O. Box 27417, Central Station, Washington D.C. 20038.

Annual Succulent Symposium

The Third Annual Succulent Symposium of the Huntington Botanical Gardens will be held on Saturday, 20 September 1986. This year's program will feature six specialists who will address topics concerning the genera Euphorbia and Mammillaria. In addition, an evening discussion on "Conservation and Succulent Plants" is being planned. Further details may be obtained from Dr. Daryl Koutnik, Huntington Botanical Gardens, 1151 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108.


Conference on Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Soybean

Conference on Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Soybean, 29-31 July 1986. Iowa State University, Ames, IA. For information, contact Walter Fehr, 6 Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, (515) 294-9818.

X-Ray Microscopy 86

An international conference on soft x-ray microscopy will be held August 18-20, 1986 at the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Rep. of China. It will emphasize the general instrumentation and biological applications of x-ray microscopy.

Because of the high penetration ability of x-rays, and recent advances on high resolution x-ray imaging, the technology offers a powerful tool for the studies of dense botanical materials. The program committee seeks papers dealing with various type of x-ray imaging and applications. Contributed papers are due June 1, 1986. Further information is available from: Dr. Ping-chin Cheng, 27-121, Dept. of Biophysics, IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 USA.

1986 Field Meeting

The annual joint meeting of the Northeastern section - Botanical Society of America, the Philadelphia Botanical Club, and the Torrey Botanical Club will be held June 15 to 18, 1986 at Paul Smith's College. Paul Smith's College is located in the upper Adirondacks, on the shore of Lower St. Regis Lake. Accommodations are in dorms built for the 1982 Olympics, with private baths. Additional standard dorm accommodations are available. Trips to sites of interest will be led by authorities on the Adirondack flora. Evening lectures will provide local background and history. Many historical and recreational facilities are located in the vicinity. Prior registration is advised. Information is available from Dr. Charles Burch, Aurora, NY 13026.

International Organization of Plant Biosystematists

The International Organization of Plant Biosystematists held an Open Meeting at the University of Sussex, Brighton, England, during The Third International Congress of Systematic & Evolutionary Biology. Items of general interest are: Dr. Krystyna Urbanska reported that plans were well advanced for the 1986 IOPB Symposium in Zurich (Differentiation Patterns in Higher Plants, July 13-18, 1986). Information may be obtained from Dr. K Urbanska, Geobotanisches Institut, ETH Stiftung Rubel, 38 Zurichbergstrasse, CH-8044 Zurich, Switzerland. An invitation has been received from Dr. Ichiro Fukuda to hold the next IOPB Symposium in Japan with a tentative title "The Origin and Evolution of Wild and Cultivated Plants." (Date to be determined.) IOPB Newsletter No. 4, has just been distributed to members. Dr. Urbanska, Editor of the IOPB Newsletter, welcomes contributions. Membership in IOPB may be obtained by writing to the Secretary-Treasurer, Dr. Liv Borgen, Botanical Garden and Museum, Trondheimsveien 23B, Oslo 5, Norway, and enclosing a money order for U.S. $25.00, made payable to the International Organization of Plant Biosystematists. membership is for the period 1983-1987. Back issues of the IOPB Newsletter will be sent to new members.


Professor C. W. Wardlaw, Emeritus Professor of Botany in the University of Manchester passed away on 16 December 1985. Professor Wardlaw was a corresponding member of the Botanical Society of America.

Professor William Baker, Emeritus Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho died on 22 November 1985. Professor Baker was a taxonomist who specialized in the flora of Idaho and western Oregon.

Michael Dennis Whalen, Associate Professor of Plant Systematics in the L. H. Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, died at Ithaca, New York on 27 December 1985. He was 35 years old. A memorial service for Michael was held on 31 January 1986 at Cornell and a detailed memorial statement will he published in the next issue of Gentes Herbarium, which will he dedicated to him and include his last paper on the taxonomy of Solanum section Torva. The Bailey Hortorium is establishing a memorial fund in Michael's name to support the field activities of graduate students in systematic botany. Inquiries about the fund should be sent to the Director of the Hortorium, 467 Mann Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.


Botanist, Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden

The Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, the only Congressionally chartered national tropical botanical gar-den, devoted to responsibilities in research, education, and conservation, seeks to fill a permanent position in systematic and evolutionary botany effective July 1, 1986. The duties will include research on the flora of Hawaii, the Pacific Basin, and/or other tropical areas. The appointee may also assist the Director in various administrative and/or editorial matters and contribute to

the Garden's educational program. Adjunct appointments at other Hawaiian research and education institutions may be possible. A Ph.D. in systematic botany is required. Postdoctoral and/or other experience are desirable. Salary commensurate with experience. Applicants should submit curriculum vitae, description of current and proposed research, and arrange to have three letters of recommendation sent by April 1, 1986 to: Or. William L. Theohald, Director, Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 340, Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 96765. The Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden is an equal opportunity employer.

Postdoctoral Research Position in Plant Molecular Biology

A postdoctoral research position is available to study the genes expressed during pollen development in maize. The work will include the isolation of genomic clones by screening a genomic library, sequencing of the clones and identification of regulatory sequences on the genes. The position is in the laboratory of Dr. Joseph P. Mascarenhas and will be available for two years starting in June 1986 with a salary of $17,000-18,000. A knowledge of molecular biology experience with the recombinant DNA technology, and some knowledge of higher plant biology are desired. Applications including a C.V., a brief statement of research interests and the names, addresses and telephone numbers of three references should be sent to Dr. Jon Jacklet, Chairperson, Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222. SUNY at Albany is an Affirmative Action, Equal Opportunity Employer. Women, minorities and Viet Nam era veterans are encouraged to apply.


Director, Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory

Independent high-altitude field station seeks a full-time Director to oversee research and teaching programs, grant proposal preparation, administration, and public relations. Administrative or fund raising experience preferred. Three year term beginning fall 1986. Salary about $24,000, depending on experience. Request additional information and application instructions by 10 May 1986 from Dr. David W. Inouye, Dept. of Zoology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Deadline for completed applications is 1 June 1986.

Postdoctoral Position at University of Arizona

Postdoctoral position available 1 September 1986 - 31 August 1987 to study ovary development and evolution in Viburnum. Applicants should have training in plant anatomy, preferably anatomy of flowers and fruit; experience in image analysis is highly desirable. Resume,
reprints and the names of three references should be sent to: Dr. Michael J. Donoghue, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721. An equal opportunity affirmative action employer.


Computers in Biology

A series of four one-week shortcourses in Computers in Biology will be offered concurrently in the Department of Biological Sciences of The University of Notre Dame. Designed for faculty, postdoctorals, and advanced graduate students, the courses and instructors are: 1) Computers in Bioeducation, Theodore J. Crovello; 2) Microcomputers in Laboratory and Classroom, Harald E. Esch; 3) Micro to Mainframe Computers in Biological Data Processing and Analysis, Ronald A. Hellenthal; and 4) Microcomputers for Modeling and Simulation. James D. Spain. The courses can accommodate participants with or without computer backgrounds. Enrollment is limited to assure personalized instruction. Courses begin on Sunday evening, August 17, 1986 and end on Friday evening, August 22. Sessions include lectures and direct computer experience. Available computing facilities range from an IBM 370/3033 computer system to a variety of mini and micro-computers including Apple II and Macintosh, RS-80 and IBM PC compatibles.

Tuition is $595 ($495 for educators) payable in advance. A 20% discount is available to organizations that enroll two or more participants in the short course series. Modern, air conditioned, dormitory rooms are available. For more information about any short course, contact Ronald A. Hellenthal, Biocomputing Short Courses Coordinator, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556. Phone: 219/ 239-7255.

Mountain Field Courses

The Mountain Research Station of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, 15 expanding its program of summer and winter field courses in 1986-87. Twenty courses in geography, biology, and geology will be offered in the mountain environments of Colorado, Wyoming, Alaska, Hawaii, and Tasmania. The courses may be taken for either graduate or undergraduate credit and are offered during various periods between 9 June and 15 August 1986 (summer courses) and 27 December 1986 and 20 January 1987 (winter courses).

The summer 1986 courses are Lichenology, Forest Ecology, Mathematical Ecology, Rocky Mountain Flora, Fish Biology and Ecology, Mountain Geomorphology, American Wildland Management, Isozyme Genetics in Field Biology, Remote Sensing--Field Applications, Field Studies in Evolutionary Ecology, Field Techniques in Environmental Science, Independent Research, Pollination Biology--Methods and Concepts, Independent Research in Population Biology, Mosses and Liverworts of Southeastern Alaska, and Tropical Mountain Ecology and Resource Management in Hawaii.

The winter 1986-87 courses are Snow Science, Winter Ecology, Winter Limnology, and Mountain Geomorphology and Ecology in Tasmania.

The Station, which is located 40 km west of the Boulder Campus, has laboratories, lodging, and a cafeteria. Information concerning these courses or research opportunities can be obtained from Dr. Mark Noble, Mountain Research Station, University of Colorado, Nederland, Colorado 80466. Phone: 303/492-8841.


New England Botanical Research Award

Warren F. Lamboy has been selected to receive the first New England Botanical Club award in support of botanical research in New England for his proposal "A systematic study of Aster section Biotia." Mr. Lamboy, a Ph.D. candidate working with Dr. Almut G. Jones at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, will use the award to travel to New York and New England to observe the members of this group in the field, and to collect material for crossing experiments and electrophoretic and cytological studies, and for statistical analysis.

The New England Botanical Club will again offer an award of $1,000 in support of botanical research to be conducted in the New England region during 1986. This award is being made to stimulate and encourage botanical research on the New England flora and to make possible visits to the New England region by those who would not otherwise be able to do so. The award will be given to the graduate student submitting the best research proposal dealing with field studies in systematic botany and plant ecology, but proposals for research in other areas of botany will also he considered. This award is not limited to graduate students at New England institutions, nor to members of the New England Botanical Club. Papers based on this research must acknowledge the NEBC's support, and it is encouraged that they be submitted to Rhodora, the Club's journal, for possible publication - subject to standard review processes.

Applicants should submit a proposal of no more than three double spaced pages, a budget (the budget will not affect the amount of the award), and their curriculum vitae. Two letters, one from the student's major professor, in support of the proposed research are also required. Proposals and supporting letters should be sent before 28 February 1986 to: Awards Committee, The New England Botanical Club, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. The recipient of the award will be notified by 30 April 1986.

Best Student Paper Award

This year the Ecological section will again be offering an award for the best student paper. The competition is open to any student (graduate or under-graduate) or recent Ph.D. (within 6 months of having received degree at the time of presentation). Papers are judged for originality, quality of methodology, and clarity of presentation. The award winner receives a check for $50.00 (but see below), an award certificate and is a guest of the section of the BSA banquet the following year. Students interested in having their papers judged for this award should send a copy of their abstract to: Dr. David Hartnett, Dept. of Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620 (813-974- 2668).


For the past three years, the Ecological Section has offered an award for the best student paper. The fund to establish this award was set up then and has been maintained by contributions from section members. We currently have approximately $650 in this fund, which is barely sufficient to support the annual award of $50.00. We would like to increase the award to $100 and to help us do this a section member (who wishes to remain anonymous) has offered a $500 challenge to this section. This individual will match all contributions to the award fund up to $500. This is an opportunity for us to endow a much larger award and to make the fund more stable. Contributions to the award fund should be sent to Kay Gross, Botany Department, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210. Please make your check payable to the BSA - Ecological Section Award Fund. Contributions are (still) tax-deductible.

Honorary Special Medal Awards

The Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society would like to recognize those persons who have made outstanding contributions to horticulture by awarding them appropriate Honorary Special Medals. We request your nominations for worthy recipients. Nomination forms and procedures are available from the Committee on Medals, Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.

The George Robert White Medal of Honor

This medal is awarded to the individual, commerical firm or institution in the United States or other country that in the opinion of the Trustees has done the most to advance interest in horticulture in its broadest sense.

The Jackson Dawson Medal

The Jackson Dawson Medal is awarded from time to time by vote of the Trustees for skill in the science and practice of hybridization and
propagation of hardy woody plants.

The Thomas Roland Medal

The Thomas Roland Medal is awarded from time to time by vote of the Trustees for exceptional skill in horticulture.

The Gold Medal

This medal of the Society is awarded by vote of the Trustees to persons, institutions and commercial firms for eminent horticultural accomplishments or for outstanding service to the Society.

The Silver Medal

The Silver Medal may be awarded by vote of the Trustees to men, women or firms for note-worthy service in horticulture.


Hunt Institute Will Exhibit "Printmaking in the Service of Botany"

The Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation at Carnegie-Mellon University will exhibit over 70 examples of botanical prints from 21 April to 31 July 1986. The show traces the curious and colorful history of printing botanical images over five centuries.

Drawn mostly from the Institute's collection, the prints -- ranging from woodcut to present-day color print -- were selected with an emphasis on the technical problems relating to the field of printing. Some examples of printing surfaces (woodblock, copper plate and stone) and a few of the artists' original drawings are included in the exhibition.

Open to the public free of charge, the exhibition will be on display in the Penthouse of the Hunt Library Building from 8:30 a.m. to noon and 1:00 to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. An accompanying catalogue will be on sale at the Institute. For further information, contact the Institute at 268-2434.

Corresponding Members Botanical Society of America

Nominations for Corresponding Members of the Botanical Society of America are requested from Society members. Corresponding Members are distinguished senior scientists who have made outstanding contributions to plant science and who live and work outside of the United States of America. Submit names of persons to be nominated along with supporting credentials to the Chairman of the Committee on Corresponding Members, Mildred E. Mathias, Biology Department, University of California, Davis, CA 90024 by April 1, 1986.

Announcement of the 1986 Young Botanist Recognition Award

The Botanical Society of America again requests nominations for worthy candidates for the Young Botanist Recognition Program for 1986. The Society desires to offer individual recognition to outstanding graduating seniors in the plant sciences, and to encourage their participation in the Botanical Society of America. Successful nominees each receive a Certificate of Recognition, signed by the President of the Society, and for-warded to the nominating faculty members' chairperson for presentation.

Nominations from faculty members, accompanied by appropriate documentation, should be sent to Dr. Nels R. Lersten, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011. Nominations must be received by April 5, 1986.


Baker, N. R., Davis, W. J. and Ong, C. K., ed. Control of Leaf Growth, Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022, 1985. xi + 351 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-30480-6. Price: $39.50. (A series of fifteen papers presented during a seminar sponsored by the Society for Experimental Biology (Physiology Section) that consider a variety of approaches in the study of leaf growth.)

Barringer, Kerry. Typification of Schlechter's Costa Rican Orchidaceae I. Types Collected by A. Brenes Field Museum of Natural History, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496, 1986. iii + 24 p., illus. ISSN 0015-0746. Price: $6.00. (Historical and taxonomic treatment of 89 of 92 orchid species that were originally described by R. Schlechter.)

Boudet, A. M., Alibert, D., Marigo, G. and Lea, P. J., ed. Annual Proceedings of the Phytochemical Society of Europe. Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford, OX2 6OP, 1984. xi + 334 p., illus. ISBN 0-19-854159-7. Price: None given. (Eighteen lectures presented at the international symposium - Membranes and compartmentation in Regulation of Plant Functions - held in 1983 at the University Paul Sabatier Toulouse, France.)

Clewell, Andre F. Guide to the Vascular Plants of the Florida Panhandle. Florida State University Press,15 NW 15th Street, Gainesville, FL 32603, 1985. viii + 605 p., illus. ISBN 0-8130-0779-8. Price: $30.00. (A guide to the vascular plants of northern Florida including keys, descriptions of families and genera of grasses and exotic ornamentals.)


Dillon, Michael O. A Systematic Study of Flourensia (Asteraceae, Heliantheae). Field Museum of Natural History, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496, 1984. iii + 66 p., illus. ISSN 0015-0746 (New Series No. 16). Price: $9.25. (A detailed systematic study of Flourensia from specimens collected throughout its range in the American subtropics including data on morphology, cytology and phytochemistry.)

Dodds, John H. and Roberts, Lorin W. Experiments in Plant Tissue Culture. (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, N.Y. 10022, 1985. xvii + 232 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-30478-4 (Hardcover) & 0-521-31516-6 (Paperback). Price: $44.50 (HC), $14,95 (PB). (This volume provides basic experimental methods for each of the major areas involving the isolation and culture of plant cells, tissues and organs, with recent techniques in agriculture and industry discussed.)

Ellis, Martin B. and Ellis, J. Pamela. Microfungi on Land Plants An Identification Handbook. Macmillan Publishing Company, 866 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022, 1985. viii + 818 p., illus. ISBN 0-02-947890-1. Price: None given. (An extensive volume including more than 2000 drawings of microfungi (rusts, smuts, powdery and downy mildews, discomycetes, pyrenomycetes, loculoascomycetes, hyphomycetes and coelomycetes together with keys to 3,300 species.)

Emperaire, Laure. La Caatinga du Sud-Est du Piaui, Bresil Etude Ethnobotanique. Editions Recherch sur les Civilisations, A.D.P.F. 9, rue Anatole-de-la-Forge, 75017, Paris, 1985. 135 p., illus. ISBN 2-86538-059-9. 102 F. (The botanical and ethnobotanical aspects of the southeast region of Brazil, including a listing of species arranged by family.)

Görts-van-Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. Koeltz Scientific Books, P.O. Box 1360, D-6240 Koenigstein, West Germany, 1985. 78 p., illus. ISBN 3-87429- 255-X. Price: $20.00. (A critical and illustrated flora of French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana. Series A: Phanerogams including Musaceae (Strelitzesiase and Heliconiaceae), Zingeberaceae (Costaceae), Cannaceae.)

Green, E. L., Blankenship, L. H., Cogar, V. F. and McMahon, T. Wildlife Food Plants: A Microscopic View. Texas A&M University Press, Drawer C., College Station, Texas 77843-4354, 1986. 160 p., illus. ISBN 96258-8. Price: $6.95. (A manual designed to provide microhistological plant identifications as an aid to interpreting plant species in animal diets.)

Jackson, M. H. Galapagos. The University of Calgary Press, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4, 1985. xiii + 283 p., illus. ISBN 0-919813-10-0. Price: $17.50. (A guide book to the Galapagos Islands including historical, environmental and scientific backgrounds to the natural history of the Islands. Eight chapters detail the plants and animals at the Galapagos.

Jensen, Richard D., Lamb, Connie, and Smith, Nathan M. (comps.) Agricultural and Animal Sciences Journals and Serials An Analytical Guide. Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881. 1986. xxiii + 221 p. ISBN 0-313-24331-X. Price: $45.00. (This volume contains annotations from 362 major English-language agricultural journals and series consisting of nine chapters (e.g. agronomy, forestry, horticulture).)

Johnson, Charles W. Bogs of the Northeast. University Press of New England, 3 Lebanon Street, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, 1985. xiii + 269 p., illus. ISBN 0-87451-325-I(HC) 0-87451-331-6(PB). Price: $25.00 (cloth); $11.95 (paper). (A well prepared popular account that details the intricate ecological relationships, animals, plants and folklore associated with a diversity of bogs from the Northeastern United States.)

Jones, C. Allan. C4 Grasses and Cereals; Growth, Development, and Stress Response. John Wiley and Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10016, 195. xi + 419 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-82409-7. Price not given. (An attempt to describe the common patterns in such grasses as maize, sugarcane, grain sorghum, millets, and other C4 grasses as well to address their differences.)

Krüssman, Gerd (translated by M. E. Epp). Manual of Cultivated Broad-Leaved Trees and Shrubs. Vol. II, E-PRO Timber Press, 9999 S.W. Wilshire, Portland, Oregon 97225, 1985. 445 p., illus. ISBN 0-88192-005-3. Price: $65.00. (Volume two of a three volume work containing more than 5000 species and over 6000 cultivars in approximately 800 genera of broad-leaved trees and shrubs; including descriptions, keys, maps, and illustrations.)

Kurata, Satoru and Toshiyuki, Nakaike, eds. with the cooperation of the Nippon Fernest Club. Illustrations of Pteridophytes of Japan. Vol. 4. University of Tokyo Press, distributed by Columbia University Press, 582 West 113th St., New York, NY 10025, 1985. 850 p., illus. ISBN 0-86008-381-0. $64.50. (Illustrated profusely with black and white photographs and line drawings, the text is entirely in Japanese.)

Lea, P. J. and Stewart, G. R., ed. Annual Proceedings of the Phytochemical Society of Europe. The genetic manipulation of plants and its application to agriculture. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1984. 317 p., illus. ISBN 0-19-854152-X. Price: None given. (Fifteen papers presented at a symposium of the Phytochemical Society of Europe held in 1983 directed at highlighting some of the problems, solutions and prospects associated with genetic engineering.)

Lellinger, David B. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, 955 L'Enfant Plaza, Suite 2100, Washington, D.C. 20560, 1985. ix + 389 p., col. pls. ISBN 0-87474-602-7; 0-87474-5 paper. $45.00; $29.95 paper. (A clearly written guide to the 406 species of the area, 341 of which are illustrated from fine color photographs by A. Murray Evans, an informative introductory chapter and an illustrated descriptive chapter on North American fern hybrid complexes, together with information on habitats, an illustrated glossary, and checklist should make this book useful to many.)

Lobban, Christopher S., Harrison, Paul J. and Duncan, Mary Jo. The Physiological Ecology of Seaweeds. Cam-bridge University Press, 32 East 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1985. x + 242 p.,illus. ISBN 0-521-26508-8. $44.50. (A volume that treats the physiology and ecology of seaweeds for advanced undergraduate or graduate students.)

Maxwell, Kenneth E. Mansfield-Jones, Greayer, and Mansfield-Jones, Dorothy. Environment of Live. Brooks/ Cole Publishing Company, 555 Abrego Street, Monterey, California 93940, 1985. x + 349 p., illus. ISBN 0-534-04089-6. Price: $16.00. (A paperback designed for a one term course in environmental biology and presented in a multi-disciplinary manner for non-science majors.)


McIntosh, Robert P. The Background of Ecology: Concept and Theory. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1985. xiii + 383 p. ISBN 0-521-24935-X. $39.50. (A review of the origins and development of ecology from its nineteenth century origins through its various aspects on this century.)

Miflin, B. J., ed. Oxford Surveys of Plant Molecular and Cell Biology. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, 1985. 360 p., illus. ISBN 0-19-854176-7. Price: $45.00. (A series of authoritative reviews of current progress in plant molecular and cell biology.)

Nabhan, Gary Paul. Gathering the Desert. The University of Arizona Press, 1615 E. Speedway, Tucson, AZ 85719, 1985. ix + 209 p., illus. ISBN 0-8165-0935-2. $19.95. (Focusing on a dozen of the edible plants of the Sonoran Desert the author, aided by sensitive illustrations by Paul Mirocha, tells about their uses by the desert people.)

Nault, L. R. and J. G. Rodriguez, eds. The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers. John Wiley and Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1985. xviii + 500 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-80611-0. (Although mostly concerned with insect systematics and ecology, there are chapters on plant defensive mechanisms against leafhoppers, transmission of plant viruses by leafhoppers and planthoppers, and relationships between the insects and maize, rice, and beans.)

Neuhausl, R., Dierschke, H. and Barkman, J. J., eds. Chorological Phenomena in Plant Communities. Proceedings of the 26th International Symposium of the International Association for Vegetation Science, Held at Prague, 5-8 Āpril 1982. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, from Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Spuiboulevard 50, P.O. Box 989, 3300 AZ Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1985. iv + 270 p.,illus. ISBN 90-6193-515-6. $75.00. (This volume 5 of Advances in Vegetation Science, reprinted from Vegetation vol. 59, contains papers presented at the symposium.)

Pasternak, Dov and San Pietro, Anthony; ed. Biosalinity in Action: Bioproduction with Saline Water. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Spuiboulevard 50, P.O. Box 989/3300 AZ Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1985. xix + 369 p., illus. ISBN 90-247-3159-3. Price: $76.50. (A series of twenty-four papers that consider the practical application of the Biosaline Concept presented at the Third International Workshop on Biosaline Research, Beer-Sheva, Israel, 1984.)

Phillips, Harry R. Growing and Propagating. Wild Flowers. The University of North Carolina Press, P.O. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, 1985. x + 331 p. illus. ISBN 0-8078-1648-5 (HB), ISBN 0-8078-4131-5 (PB). Price: $24.95, $14.95. (A detailed volume designed to provide basic information useful in gardening and the propagation and cultivation of approximately one hundred genera of native plants.)

Pritchard, R. H. and Holland, I. B., ed. Basic Cloning Techniques: A Manual of Experimental Procedures. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc., 667 Lytton Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94301, 1985. x + 193 p., illus. ISBN 0-632-01032-0. Price: $27.00. (A basic manual written by a number of collaborators designed to demonstrate cloning techniques with experiments set out in protocol format, including the time required to complete the procedures.)

Raven, Peter H. and Johnson, George B. Biology. Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing, 11830 Westline Industrial Drive, St. Louis, Missouri 63146, 1986. xxx + 1198 + app. A-I, illus. ISBN 0-8016-4091-1. Price: None given. (Perhaps the most extensive general biology textbook ever prepared; complete, well written and loaded with line drawings, half-times and color photographs.)

Revel, Richard D., Dougherty, T. David, and Downing, David J. Forest Growth and Revegetation Along Seismic Lines. The University of Calgary Press, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4, 1984. iii +228 p., illus. ISBN 0-919813-11-9. Price: $16.95. (A study undertaken to determine the effects seismic lines have on the growth and productivity of trees, to document revegetation patterns, and consider forest management.)

Roach, F. A. Cultivated Fruits of Britain Their Origin and History. Basil Blackwell, 432 Park Ave. South, Suite 1505, New York, NY 10016, 1985. viii + 349 p., illus. ISBN 0-631-13969-9. Price: $50.00. (A historical treatment of fruits and nuts grown in gardens and commercial orchards in Britain from Roman times to the present, including illustrations from sixteenth and seventeenth century herbals.)

St. John, Judy, ed. Frontiers of Membrane Research in Agriculture. Rowman and Allanheld, 81 Adams Drive, Totowa, New Jersey 07512, 1985. xi + 493 p., illus. ISBN 0-8476-7426-6. Price: $58.50. (Thirty review papers on the current status of biomembrane research presented at the Ninth Beltsville Symposium on Agricultural Research.)

Sestak, Zdenek, ed. Photosynthesis During Leaf Development. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, from Kluwer Academic
Publishers Group, Spuiboulevard 50, P.O. Box 98, 3300 AZ Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1985. 396 p., illus. ISBN 90-6193-951-8. $59.00. (Volume II of Tasks for Vegetation Science treats various aspects of photosynthesis as they relate to leaf morphology, anatomy, and development.)

Sestak, Z. and Catsky, J., eds. Photosynthesis Bibliography, Vol. 13, 1982. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, from Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Spuiboulevard 50, P.O. Box 989, 3300 AZ Dordrect, The Netherlands, 1985. iv + 412 p. ISBN 90-6193-533-4. Dfl. 210,00 paper (Reference numbers 48410-52388 of this continuing bibliography.)

Sheehan, Tom and Sheehan, Marion. Orchid Genera Illustrated. Cornell University Press, 124 Roberts Place, Ithaca, New York, 14850, 1985. 207 p., illus. ISBN 0-8014-9357-9. Price: $14.95. (A well-written volume with detailed illustrations of sixty-one of the more common orchids genera. A description is presented of each genus, together with information on the native habitat and geographic range.)

Shill, Rainer and Dannenbaum, Christine. Bau and entwicklung der Pollinien von Hoya carnosa (L. BR. (Asclepiadaceae) - Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz, Tropische and Subtropischer Pflanzenwelt 48, 1984. Available from Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden GMBH-Stuttgart, 54 p., illus. ISBN 3-515-04338-1. 24.80 DM wrappers. (A monographic study of the development and germination of the pollinia of Hoya carnosa.)

Smith, John E. and Moss, Maurice O. Mycotoxins Formation, Analysis and Significance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., One Wiley Drive, Somerset, New Jersey 08873, 1985. 148 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-90671-9. Price: $27.00. (A consideration of mold metabolites (mycotoxins) produced by filamentous fungi which cause illness or death to man or his domesticated animals.)

Soule, James. Glossary for Horticultural Crops. John Wiley and Sons, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158, 1985. xxvii + 898 p., illus. ISBN 0-471-88499-5. $42.50. (Sponsored by the American Society for Horticultural Sciences, this volume is a comprehensive glossary arranged topically under the headings; horticultural crops; morphology and anatomy; taxonomy and breeding, physiology and ecology; propagation, handling, soils, crop production; and postharvest handling and marketing, together with the comprehensive index should make it useful to many applied scientists.)


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