Plant Science Bulletin archive

Issue: 1982 v28 No 6Actions


A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.


Emanuel D. Rudolph, Editor
Department of Botany
Ohio State University
1735 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
(614) 422-8952

Editorial Board
Jerry D. Davis – University of Wisconsin, LaCrosse, WI 54601
John H. Thomas – Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305
Anitra Thorhaug – Florida International University, Key Biscayne, FL 33199

The Plant Science Bulletin is published six times a year, February, April, June, August, October, and December, at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210. Subscriptions $10.00/yr. Change of address should be sent to Editor. Second class postage paid at Columbus, OH.




The Botanical Society of America requests nominations for the Young Botanists Recognition Program for 1983. The society sponsors this program to offer individual recognition to outstanding senior undergraduates in the plant sciences and to encourage their participation in the Botanical Society of America. Awards to successful nominees are in the form of Certificates of Recognition, signed by the President of the Society, and forwarded to the chairperson of the candidate’s department for presentation.

Nominations, with appropriate documentation, no more than three per institution, should be forwarded to Dr. Nels R. Lersten, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Aires, IA 50011, by March 15, 1983.


Annual Meeting and Site:
David L. Dilcher, Ch. (Dept. of Biol., Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN 47405, 812-335-9455); and/or Program Chairpersons of Sections.

Archives and History:
Charles R. Long, Ch. (New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458, 212-220-8700); Theodore Delevoryas; and Patricia K. Holmgren.

David L. Dilcher, Ch. (see above for address); Thomas S. Elias; James W. Hardin; David M. Sutherland; Rebecca R. Sharitz; and William A. Dimichele.

Darbaker Prize:
C. Peter Wolk, Ch. (MSU-DOE Plant Research Lab., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, 517-353-2270); James R. Rosowski; and Elizabeth Gantt.

Samuel N. Postlethwait, Ch. (3180 Soldier Home Rd., West Lafayette, IN 47906); Albert W. Ruesink; Gregory J. Anderson; Roy H. Saigo; Randall C. Moore; Dean P. Whittier; James L. Riopel; and ex officio the President, Secretary, Secretary of Teaching Section, Editor of PSB, Past President of the Committee.

W. Hardy Eshbaugh, Ch. (Systematic Botany Program, Rm. 1140, National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. 20550, 202-357-9588); Judith E. Skog; Thomas L. Rost; and ex officio the Secretary.

Guidelines for Sectional Officers:
Barbara D. Webster, Ch. (Dept. of Agronomy & Range Science, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, 916-752-2468); James Caponetti; Jack B. Fisher; Charles N. Miller; and James A. Quinn.

Membership and Appraisal:
Dan B. Walker, Ch. (Dept. of Biology, Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, 213-825-7328); John A. Romberg; Nels R. Lersten; and ex officio Business Manager AJB, Program Director. Ad Hoc Sub-Committee: Jack L.


Carter; Raymond C. Jackson; Judith A. Jernstedet; Charles J. O'Kelly; and F. Brent Reeves.

Merit Awards:
Andrew M. Torres, Ch. (Dept. of Botany, Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, 913-864-4257); John G. Torrey; James Ehleringer; and ex officio the President.

Pelton Award:
Donald R. Kaplan, Ch. (Dept. of Botany, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, 415-642-4187); Lewis J. Feldman; Dominick J. Paolillo, Jr.; and Richard A. White.

Plant Science Bulletin:
Emanuel D. Rudolph, Ch. (Dept. of Botany, Ohio State Univ., 19735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, 614-422-8952); Anitra Thorhaug; John H. Thomas; and Roy H. Saigo.

Scientific Liaison with the People's Republic of China:
Peter H. Raven, Ch. (Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166. 314-577- 5110); Peter Ashton; Bruce Bartholomew; J. William Schopf; William Tai; and Richard C. Starr.

Representatives to Various Organizations:
AAAS - Robert Faden (Dept. of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, 202-357-2540).
AIBS Meetings Committee - David L. Dilcher (address above).
AIBS - Patricia K. Holmgren (New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. NY 10458, 212-220-8626.)
AIBS Government Relations - Lafayette Frederick, (Dept. of Botany, Howard Univ., Washington, D. C. 20059, 202-636-6929.)
Corresponding Society of Assembly of Life Sciences - Carol C. Baskin, (School of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, 616-257-8770.)


Harland Banks (PSB Oct. 1983) has fallen into the trap set for him by the creationists. He advocates a defensive stand whereas, in my opinion, he should be asking all of us to march forward. Rather than worry whether creationism is scientific or not, those of us who believe that present day organisms have evolved from simpler forms should start action in State and Federal courts for equal time in schools and churches, temples and their equivalent to explain our point of view whenever the myth of creation as stated by Gish and Morris is stated. However, let us not be complacent. We may be able to explain evolution and that this has been a continuous process for the last 4 billion years; but we do not know how life originated. To be sure, we can point to the facts that most of the necessary biochemical precursors of living organisms can be produced by simple chemical reactions which might have occurred in the early times of the earth's history when the temperatures were about right for life to begin. The step between such compounds and pseudo-organelles is, however, enormous. Do not let us fool ourselves that evolution explains this. It plainly does not.

Tony Swain, Professor of Biology, Boston University


Information has been received that a project is underway to restore the gravesite of Stephen Hales, the person who did so much to put botany on a scientific basis and who is considered to be the founder of plant physiology. Professor E. T. Pengelley (Univ. of Calif., Riverside) visited the Parish Church of St. Mary in Teddington, Middlesex, England, where Stephen Hales was vicar for 51 years and is buried under the tower of the church (inside the church). The flat tombstone is badly worn after two centuries, and the inscription is completely illegible (although the original inscription is known).

The American Society of Plant Physiologists has undertaken the restoration project, but the assistance of other societies and individuals will be needed to complete the project. If the Botanical Society of America could raise $500.00, recognition of the contribution would be indicated on a plaque at the gravesite. Presumably, an individual contribution would be tax deductible. Anyone wishing to contribute should make checks, bank drafts, money orders, etc., payable to the "Stephen Hales Fund" and send them to: Dr. Robert Chasson, Executive Director, American Society of Plant Physiologists, East Gude Drive, P.O. Box 1688, Rockville, MD 20850, (301)-251-0560.

It would be appreciated if you would indicate, in some fashion, that your contribution is made in the name of the Botanical Society of America.
E. M. Gifford, President, Botanica1 Society of America


Nominations for 1983 Prescott Award:
The Phycological Society of America will accept nominations for the Gerald W. Prescott award to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society at the University of North Dakota. Grand Forks in August 1983. The Award will recognize a member(s) of the Phycologica1 Society of America for scholarly work in the form of a book or monograph


devoted to phycology and published in English. Edited volumes, individual book chapters, typical journal articles and the 1ike will not be considered. Publications must have copyright dates of 1981 or 1982. All authors of a publication must have nerd membership in the Phycologica1 Society prior to the Award consideration period. The value of the Award for 1983 is expected to be $500.

Nominations may be made by a member or non-member of the Phycologica1 Society of America by submitting a brief letter stating the strong points of the scholarly work and a copy of the book or monograph to be considered. Books and/or monographs will be returned upon completion of the review process. It is acceptable and in fact strongly encouraged that authors nominate their own publications. Separate publications by the same author(s) may be nominated. Nominations for the 1983 Award should be sent to the Chairman of the Prescott Award Committee, Dr. Dean W. Blinn, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, (602)-523-4107 or 779-5857, and to be considered must be postmarked not later than April 1, 1983.

Torrey Botanical C1ub Graduate Research Award:
The Torrey Botanical Club will in 1983 make its second annual award from the Andrew's Fund for Graduate Student Research. The Award, in the amount of $250.00, will be for a thesis project in botany, such as are published in the Club's BULLETIN. Funds may be used for research-related travel, field work or laboratory supplies. The applicant must be a member of The Torrey Botanical Club, and must submit a proposal not exceeding five double-spaced, typewritten pages in length, with a brief account of the ends to which the funds will be applied, and a covering letter from the thesis advisor or department chairperson. The deadline for proposals is January 1, 1983. All proposals will be kept confidential and will be examined by a committee of the Club. The award will be made public at the 1983 annual meeting and/or in the BULLETIN. Proposals should be sent to: Christopher S. Campbell, Chairperson, Torrey Student Research Award Committee, Department of Botany, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102.

Hunt Institute Exhibits Cacti and Succulents Illustrations:
The Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, will exhibit watercolors and prints of cacti and other succulent plants from Oct. 25 through Feb. 26, 1983. Over 50 works from the 18th century to the present are included in the show, selected mostly from the Institute's own collection. The exhibition in the Penthouse of the Hunt Library is open to the public, free of charge, from 8:30 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 1 to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. For further information, telephone the Institute at (412)-578-2434.

Teaching Section Exchanges Continued:
Marshall D. Sundberg reports that the laboratory and slide exchanges, organized by the Teaching Section during the annual meeting at Penn State, were again successful. Over 1200 Kodachromes and several hundred copies of laboratory exercises have been distributed to the membership. New contributions were provided by: Vernon Ahmadjian, Iris Charvat, Paul Ecklund, Katherine Esau, Ann Hirsch, Alan Orr, Tom Pizzolato, Rolf Statt1er, Marsh Sundberg, Jennifer Thorsch, Susan Waaland, and Dave Webb. Both programs will be continued and expanded next year. If you have individual slides or sets of Kodachromes, useful in teaching, which you would like to share with colleagues, they should be sent to Marsh Shundberg, Dept. of Biology, University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire, WI 5470l. Original slides will be returned to their owners after duplicates for the program have been made. Similarly, if you have original laboratory exercises or workbooks which you would like to share with others, a copy (5 copies of individual exercises) should be forwarded to Marsh Sundberg. These will be displayed, along with the Kodachrome sets, in the Botanical Society booth at next year's annual meeting in North Dakota.

Information on Radiation Effects Requested:
A project to publish radiation effects on medicinal plants is under way. Please send reprints from 1950 to 1982 on observed effects, which will be published according to the wavelengths of radiation and the observed effects in book form, to Dr. Miss Sudha Rani Govil, Dept. of Botany, Banaras Hindu Univ., Varanasi-221005, India.

International Association for Aerobiology (IAA):
IAA was founded in The Netherlands in 1974 and now includes members from 40 countries who share a mutual interest in aerobiology. At the most recent Congress in August 1982 at the University of Washington, Seattle, Dr. Alter H. Lewis, Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis was elected President for four years (1982-86), and Dr. Stephen A. Hall, Department of Geography, North Texas State University, Denton, TX 76203, became the new Secretary-General. Other officers include Dr. Herman D. Frinking, Department of Phytopathology, Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, as Vice-President, Dr. Ruth M. Leuschner, Kantonsspita1, Basel, Switzerland, as Treasurer, and Dr. Siwert Nilsson, Palynological Laboratory, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, as Past-President. Those interested in membership in IAA should write to Dr. Hall.


Compositae Newsletter Has New Editor:
Dr. Jette Baagøe, the Botanical Museum, Univ. of Copenhagen, Gothersgade 130, DK-1123, Copenhagen, Denmark is the new Editor of the Compositae Newsletter. Dr. Baagøe is hopeful that all persons who work with members of the Compositae will use the Newsletter to exchange information on projects underway, solicit assistance, make announcements, and as a place to publish speculations and hypotheses that might not be accepted as completed, thorough studies in journals. In short, she is hoping that the Newsletter will be an arena for discussion. The excellent literature review by C. Jeffrey will continue. Persons wishing to submit items for publication in the Newsletter should send them to Dr. Baagøe at the address above.

Nominations Sought for Darbaker Prize in Phycology:
The Committee on the Darbaker Prize of the Botanical Society of America will accept nominations for an award to be announced at the Annual Meeting of the Society with AIBS at the University of North Dakota in August, 1983. Under the terms of the bequest, the Award is to be made for meritorious work in the study of microscopical algae in all its facets. At present, the Award is limited to residents of North America, and only papers published in the English language will be considered. The value of the prize for 1983 is expected to be approximately $500. The Committee will base its judgment primarily on the papers published by the nominee during the last two full calendar years, i.e., papers date 1981 and 1982. Nominations for the 1983 Award accompanied by a thorough statement of the merits of the case and by reprints of the publications for 1981 and 1982 supporting the candidate, must be received by April 1, 1983 by the Chairman of the Committee, Dr. C. Peter Wolk, MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824. For further information write the Chairman or call him at (517)-353-2270.

Rolex Awards Competition:
Rolex believes that without proper funding many great ideas can never be fulfilled. So for the third time we are offering 50,000 Swiss francs to each of five people with worthy projects in mind to help their ideas become realities. In addition, each will receive a specially inscribed Gold Rolex Chronometer. Projects to be considered for the Awards should fall into one of three categories: Applied Sciences and Invention, Exploration and Discovery, or The Environment. To obtain an official application form, together with the detailed rules and conditions, write to: The Secretariat, The Rolex Awards for Enterprise, P.O. Box 178, 1211 Geneva 26, Switzerland.

Nominations Sought for Bibliography Award:
The Oberly Award for Bibliography in the Agricultural Sciences, awarded biennially by the Science and Technology Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries, will be presented at the 1983 American Library Association Annual Conference to the author(s) of the best bibliography published during 1981 or 1982 in the field of agriculture or the related sciences. Nominations for the award will be evaluated on the basis of timeliness of the topic, comprehensiveness, accuracy, format, and indexing methods. The principal author, editor, or compiler must be a U.S. citizen. Please submit nominations for the 1983 Oberly Award no later than March 1 to: Frank Polach, Oberly Award Committee Chair, Library of Science and Medicine, Rutgers University, P.O. Box 1029, Piscataway, NJ 08854.

Brochure Avail able from the Missouri Botanical Garden:
News from MO is a new brochure listing staff and their activities. Copies can be obtained from the Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Ave., P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166.


Plant Physiologist at Riverside:
An assistant professorship and assistant plant physiologist in the Experiment Station (with tenure potential) is available for someone whose research interests will focus on processes involved in plant maturation and senescence. It is primarily a research position with some teaching. Send curriculum vitae and transcripts, at least three confidential letters of recommendation from others, by January 1, 1983 to: Dr. William W. Thomson, Chairman, Plant Physiologist Search Committee, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521.

Botanist at Hope College:
The Biology Department of Hope College will have a tenure track position in August, 1983, for a botanist. The appointment is expected to be made at the Assistant Professor level. In addition to appropriate upper level botany courses, the applicant will have teaching responsibilities in general biology. Applicants should have a strong interest in under- graduate education and plan to maintain an active research program that will involve undergraduates. Preference will be given to candidates with postdoctoral research experience. Qualified applicants should arrange to have an academic resume, transcripts, a statement of teaching competencies, an outline of proposed research, and three letters of recommendation forwarded as soon as possible but no later than 15 January, to: Dr. Allen R. Brady, Chairman, Department of


Biology, Hope College, Holland, MI 49423. Hope College is an equal opportunity employer.

Biologist for Emory University:
The Department of Biology at Emory University is seeking a laboratory manager/part- time lecturer for a non-tenure track, three year appointment to begin on September 1, 1983. Applicants should have the minimum of an M.S. degree in the biological sciences. Duties include: supervising biology laboratories, instructing graduate teaching assistants, revising laboratory exercises, lecturing in courses, and advising undergraduates. Application deadline is December 15,1982. Please send curriculum vitae and three letters of reference to: Dr. William A. Elmer, Chairman, Biology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322. We are an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer.

Chair of Department of Botany, University of Rhode Island:
An administrative leader who maintains an active research effort with external support and participates in the teaching program is sought for the Department of Botany at the University of Rhode Island. Send letter of application, reprints of 3 research papers, and have 3 letters of recommendation sent by 15 December to: Dr. Richard L. Hauke, Department of Botany, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, (401)-792-2627. The University of Rhode Island is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Biologist at Virginia Commonwealth University:
An assistant/associate professor of biology with post-doctoral training, teaching experience, and prior independent extramural research funding is sought. The candidate is expected to teach a M.S. level course in either molecular genetics, intermediary metabolism, or host-parasite relationships, with emphases on plants, animals and microorganisms, and establish a research program in one of these areas, in addition to rotation in teaching general biology, anatomy and physiology. Submit curriculum vitae, names of 3 references, statement of future goal s by 15 January 1983 to: Dr. John Pagels, Biology Dept., Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284. An affirmative action/equal opportunity employer.

Botanist for Randolph-Macon Woman's College:
Randolph-Macon Woman's College has a biology staff of four full-time and one part-time faculty. We are losing, by retirement, a tenured member who teaches courses in General Botany, Environmental Biology,
Ecology, and a non-major course, Plant Culture. We wish to employ a replacement with similar qualifications. A recent Ph.D. with a small college undergraduate background and interest in the flora of the Piedmont would be attractive. Consideration of applicants will be based on professional background and interests. Please contact: F. F. Flint, Box 461, Randloph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA 24503, (804)-846-7392, Ext. 382.

Community Ecologist at University of Oklahoma:
The University of Oklahoma, Department of Botany and Microbiology is seeking a terrestrial plant community ecologist beginning August 1983. Minimum qualifications for applicants include a Ph.D. in Botany, Biology, Ecology or Zoology and excellent credentials in, as well as a strong commitment to, field-oriented research in community-level studies and teaching in ecology and botany. The successful applicant will be expected to teach Introductory Ecology, an advanced community ecology course and an occasional section of general botany and biology. Postdoctoral experiences is preferred. This tenure-track position is open rank with salary negotiable commensurate with experience and qualifications. Send curriculum vitae, a statement of research interests and three letters of reference to Dr. Linda L. Wallace, Chair, Ecology Search Committee, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019. Applications must be postmarked by January 1, 1983. The University of Oklahoma is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Plant Physiologist at University of Northern Iowa:
The Department of Biology at the University of Northern Iowa is seeking applications for a tenure-track position effective August 1983. The individual would be responsible for teaching undergraduate courses in plant physiology and general biology and for development of an advanced course in their area of specialization. The specialty area of research in plant physiology is open. The department stresses good teaching and expects the successful candidate to establish and maintain a productive research program. The appointment level and salary will depend on qualifications and experience. A Ph.D. is required. Applicants should forward a curriculum vitae, a statement of interests and goals in both teaching and research, and three letters of recommendation by February 1, 1983 to: Dr. Daryl Smith, Head; Department of Biology; University of Northern Iowa; Cedar Falls, IA 50614. An equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Harvard University Historian of Biology:
A three-year assistant professorship, potentially renewable for another three years is available for someone especially interested in the history of biology. It involves teaching undergraduate and graduate level courses, small group teaching, and individual student direction. Application, dossier (including 3 letters of recommendation), and appropriate written or published material should be sent to: Professor Erwin N. Hiebert, Chairman, Dept. of History of Science, Harvard Univ., Science Center 235, Cambridge, MA 02318.


Plant Biologist for Philadelphia College of Pharmacy:
A tenure-track position as assistant professor is available in the Department of Biological Sciences. The candidate will be required to teach plant biology, environmental biology, and other undergraduate courses in areas of interest. An active research program is also to be developed. Applications together with a complete resumé including current transcripts, and names, addresses and telephone numbers of three references are due by January 15, 1983 to Dr. Gilbert L. Zink, Chairman of the Search Committee, Department of Biological Sciences, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, 43rd St. and Kingressing Mall, Philadelphia, PA 19104. An equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Plant Cell Biologist at SUNY Geneseo:
A plant cell biologist with an interest in cell physiology preferably with post-doctoral experience is desired. Teaching responsibilities include an undergraduate plant physiology/cell physiology course and a graduate course in the area of specialization. Areas of research may include plant tissue culture, protoplast fusion technology, or plant molecular biology. Establishment of an active research program is necessary. Applications which identify this position should include a curriculum vitae, undergraduate and graduate transcripts, a statement of research interests and plants, and a minimum of 3 letters of reference should be completed by January 31, 1983, and sent to: Dr. Robert Simon, Chairman, Department of Biology, State University College, Geneseo, NY 14454. An equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Plant Physiologist at San Francisco State University:
The Department of Biological Sciences invites applications for a full-time tenure-track appointment at the assistant professor level. Responsibilities include teaching introductory botany and plant physiology at the undergraduate level, developing advanced undergraduate and/or graduate courses in area of specialty, and developing an effective research program. First consideration will be given to individuals with research interests in such areas as stress physiology, photosynthesis, plant metabolism, or plant development; however, individuals with interests in other aspects of plant physiology will also be considered. Applicants with a Ph.D. degree should submit curriculum vitae and a statement of personal goals, and should arrange for three letters of reference to be sent by January 21, 1983 to: Dr. Crellin Pauling, Chair, Department of Biological Sciences, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco, CA 94132. An equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Cellular or Molecular Botanist and Plant or Fungal Physiologist at Iowa State University:
The Department of Botany announces two 9-month tenure-track positions (minimum salaries $19,500) for individuals with a Ph.D. or equivalent. CELLULAR OR MOLECULAR BOTANIST (assistant or associate professor level): preference will be given to individuals with research experience in recombinant DNA, protoplast culture, nuclear and cytoplasmic interactions as they relate to development and regulation of DNA or protein synthesis. Teaching responsibilities include a one-semester course on the plant cell and a course in the individual's area of specialization and/or participation in general botany or general biology. PLANT PHYSIOLOGIST specializing in nitrogen fixation or fungal physiology (assistant professor level) (contingent upon funding): preference will be given to individuals with teaching and/or post doctoral research experience and experience in current biotechnological methods. Teaching responsibilities include a one- semester course in plant physiology and a graduate course in the individual's area of specialization, and/or participation in general botany or general biology. Development of a strong research program is expected in both positions. Application deadline for both positions is January 15, 1983. Late applications and applications from outstanding candidates about to complete the Ph.D. may be considered. Send Curriculum Vitae, graduate academic transcripts, a statement of research interests, and 3 letters of recommendation to: Ronald C. Coolbaugh, Chairman, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011. Iowa State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

Economic Botanists at New York Botanical Garden:
The New York Botanical Garden is seeking two ECONOMIC BOTANISTS for its newly-formed Institute of Economic Botany. Applications are being taken for one senior scientist, and a postdoctoral fellow. Research will be undertaken in the areas of temperate or tropical non-conventional economic food and/or energy plants, and candidates should possess expertise in this field. Institute staff work through a multi-disciplinary approach in a results-oriented program, and candidates are expected to develop their research programs as part of the coordinated institutional effort. Resources include a 4.5 million specimen herbarium, one of the finest botanical libraries in the country, experimental greenhouses and trial gardens, laboratories, an academic degree granting program, and a plant exploration program, in the Caribbean, Central and South America, Asia and the Soviet Union. Salary commensurate with experience. Send curriculum vitae, list of four references, sample publications, summary of most recent research activities


and a letter of application by February 15, 1983 to: Dr. Ghillean T. Prance, Director, Institute of Economic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458. The Garden is an equal opportunity, affirmative action employer.

Systematic Botanist at Missouri Botanical Garden:
Immediate opening is available for a Systematic Botanist to carry out long term study of neotropical Leguminosae. Applicants should have Ph.D. in botany; 1-2 years of postdoctoral experience, and experience with computers would be helpful. Send resumé and names of three references to: Personnel Office, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299. An equal Opportunity employer.

Horticultural Director at Swarthmore College:
The search for Director of the Scott Horticultural Foundation has been reopened. Depending on one's qualifications and experience, the opportunity exists for a teaching relationship with the College's undergraduate Biology Department. The successful candidate will be a professional horticulturist with demonstrated management experience and at least 5 years of experience in arboretum/botanical garden field; advanced degree desirable but not required; must have broad knowledge of ornamental plants and have previous experience with landscape design; must demonstrate an ability to work well with diverse groups of people and to communicate effectively in an educational environment. Swarthmore offers an excellent fringe benefits package and a competitive salary. Please send letter of application or nomination, resumé, salary history and 3 references to: Ms. Marietta T. Lee, Director of Personnel Services, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA. 19081 by December 31, 1982. An equal opportunity employer.

Teaching Assistantships at Virginia Commonwealth University:
Teaching assistantships are available in a M.S. Biology program. Research areas are: plant physiology; plant systematics; plant ecology; nitrogen-fixation; plant cell biology. Contact: M. D. Berliner, Chairman, Biology Dept., Virginia Commonwealth University, 816 Park Ave., Richmond, VA 23284.

Fellowships at The Smithsonian Institution:
Smithsonian Fellowships are awarded to support independent research in residence at the Smithsonian related to research interests of the Institution's professional staff and using the Institution's collections, facilities, and laboratories. Six- to twelve-month pre- and postdoctoral fellowship appointments and ten-week graduate student appointments are awarded. Proposals for research in the biological sciences can be in: solar radiation research, photobiology, tropical biology, ecology, systematics, natural history, evolutionary biology, animal behavior and pathology, paleobiology, marine biology, and environmental studies. Applications are due January 15, 1983. Stipends supporting these awards are: $17,500 per year plus allowances for post-doctoral fellows; $10,500 per year plus allowances for predoctoral fellows: and $2,000 for graduate students for the ten-week period of appointment. Pre- and postdoctoral stipends are prorated on a monthly basis for periods less than one year. Awards are based on merit. Smithsonian Fellowships are open to all qualified individuals without reference to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, or condition of handicap of any applicant. For more information and application forms, please write: Office of Fellowships and Grants, 3300 L'Enfant Plaza, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560. Please indicate the particular area in which you propose to conduct research and give the dates of degrees received or expected.


Chinese Botanical Illustrations at Missouri Botanical Garden:
A special collection of botanically correct artwork is being displayed from October 2 - December 31 for the first time in the United States. The illustrations were done expressly for the 13th International Botanical Congress which met last year in Sydney.

NSF Symposium on Plant Anatomy:
Contemporary Problems in Plant Anatomy is the title of a symposium to be held at Duke University and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 28 February - 3 March 1983. All sessions are open to the public, however advanced registration with charge of $5 is required to be sent before 5 January to: Dr. Richard A. White, Dept. of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706; or Dr. William C. Dickison, Dept. of Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514.

BSA Symposium on Phenotypic Plasticity:
The Developmental and Structural Section and the Canadian Botanical Association are sponsoring a symposium to be held at the next annual meeting in August 1983 on a Developmental and Structural Perspective on Phenotypic Plasticity: A Contribution to Its Delineation. Jack R. Maze, the organizer, has arranged speakers on heteroblastic development, whole plant branching models, development in a phenotypically plastic system: Eichhornia, and sexual expression in ferns. Contributed papers related to phenotypic plasticity will be grouped in an afternoon session following the morning symposium. When you submit an abstract, note that you want it scheduled in the plasticity session.


U.S.-Mexico Desert Symposium:
A symposium on Renewable Resources of the Desert will be held January 14-16, 1983 at the University of California, Irvine. It will emphasize phytochemical resources. Further information is available from: Dr. Eloy Rodriquez, Phytochemical Laboratory, Dept. of Ecology and Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717.

Environmental History Meeting:
The American Society for Environmental History will hold its 1983 meeting at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio on April 8, 9 and 10, in conj unction with the Great Lakes Chapter of the American Studies Association. The program committee seeks papers dealing with a broad range of research methods, perspectives and subject matter in environmental history including but not limited to geography, quantitative methods, literary analysis, the use of archeological, biological, or other scientific information, and American Studies. Within this general framework the committee wishes to emphasize environmental change in the Midwest, international and cross-cultural studies, and environmental change outside the United States. Proposals with brief abstracts of papers and the names of all participants, should be sent to: Professor Thomas R. Dunlap, Department of History, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 by 10 December. Authors will be notified of their place on the program by 15 January.

Systematics Symposium on Extinctions:
The Sixth Annual Spring Systematic Symposium on "Extinctions" will be held on May 14, 1983 in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. For further information write: Dr. Matthew H. Nitecki, Dept. of Geology, Field Museum of Natural History, Roosevelt Rd., and Lake Shore Dr., Chicago, IL 60605.

Soil Erosion Symposium:
The American Society of Agronomy, the Soil Science Society of America, and the Crop Science Society of America will sponsor a symposium on Soil Erosion and Crop Productivity on March 1-3, 1983 in Denver, Colorado. For information contact: ASA, CSSA, SSSA Head- quarters Office, 677 South Segoe Rd., Madison, WI 53711.

Guayule Rubber Conference:
The fourth annual conference of the Guayule Rubber Society will be held at the lk1iversity of California, Riverside, June 20-23, 1983. All aspects of research and development related to guayule and relatives will be considered. Titles for contributed papers are due by March 1. For further information contact: Conference Chairman, Guayule Rubber Society, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521.

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